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Abd-Allah ibn Abd-al-Muttalib

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Title: Abd-Allah ibn Abd-al-Muttalib  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Fatimah bint Amr, Muhammad in Mecca
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Abd-Allah ibn Abd-al-Muttalib

Born 545
Died 570 (aged 25)
Cause of death Unspecified illness
Resting place Darun-Nabiya, Madina Munawwara, Saudi Arabia
Spouse(s) Āminah bint Wahb
Children Son: Muḥammad
Parents Father: 'Abd al-Muṭṭalib

Abdullah ibn 'Abd al-Muṭṭalib (Arabic: عبدالله بن عبد المطلب‎) (545–570) was the father of the Islamic prophet Muḥammad. He was the son of Shaybah ibn Hāshim ('Abd al-Muṭṭalib), and was married to Āminah bint Wahb.


His father chose for him Āminah daughter of Wahb ibn 'Abd Munāf who was the grandson of Zuhrah, the brother of his great great grandfather Qusayy ibn Kilāb. Wahb had been the chief of Banū Zuhrah as well as its eldest and noblest member but had died some previously and Āminah became a ward of his brother Wuhaib who had succeeded him as chief of the clan.

His father went with him to the quarter of Banū Zuhrah. There, he sought the residence of Wuhayb and went in to ask for the hand of Wahb's daughter for his son. 'Abdullāh's father fixed his marriage with Aminah.[1] It was said that a light shined out of his forehead and that this light was the promise of a Prophet as offspring. Many Arabian women approached 'Abdullāh, who is reported to have been a handsome man; so that they might gain the honour of producing the offspring. However everyone believes that as decided by God, the light was destined to be transferred to Āminah through 'Abdullāh after consummating the marriage.[2] 'Abdullāh's father was the custodian of the Holy Ka'ba in Makkah. 'Abdullāh lived with Āminah among her relatives the first three days of the marriage. Afterwards, they moved together to the quarter of 'Abd al-Muṭṭalib.


Soon after their marriage 'Abdullāh would be called to Palestine and al-Shām (present day Syria) on a trading caravan trip, when he left Āminah was pregnant. 'Abdullāh was absent for several months in Gaza. On his way back he stopped for a longer rest with the family of his maternal grandmother (Sahrah bint Tahmūr ibn 'Ubayd ibn Qusayy) in Madīnah, where his maternal uncles also lived. While preparing to join a caravan to Makkah when he fell ill before the caravan left.

The caravan went on without him to Makkah with news of his absence and disease. 'Abd al-Muṭṭalib immediately sent his eldest son Hārith to Madīnah in order to accompany 'Abdullāh on the trip back to Makkah after his recovery. However upon arriving at Madīnah Ḥārith learned that his brother had died and that he had been buried there a month after the start of that same caravan to Makkah. Harith returned to Makkah to announce the death of `Abdullāh to his aged father and his bereaved wife Āminah.[3]


'Abdullāh left five camels, a herd of sheep and goats, and a slave nurse, called Umm Ayman, who was to take care of his son Muḥammad. This patrimony does not prove that 'Abdullāh was wealthy, but at the same time it does not prove that he was poor. Furthermore, 'Abdullāh was still a young man capable of working and of amassing a fortune. His father was still alive and none of his wealth had as yet been transferred to his sons.[4]


His name "'Abdullāh" means "servant of God" or "slave of God".

In Latin script, 'Abdullāh ibn 'Abd al-Muṭṭalib (Shaybah) ibn Hāshim ('Amr) ibn Abd Manāf (al-Mughīra) ibn Qusayy (Zayd) ibn Kilāb ibn Murra ibn Ka`b ibn Lu'ayy ibn Ghālib ibn Fahr (Quraysh) ibn Mālik ibn an-Naḑr (Qays) ibn Kinānah ibn Khuzaymah ibn Mudrikah ('Āmir) ibn Ilyās ibn Muḑar ibn Nizār ibn Ma'ād ibn 'Adnān. [5]

See also


External links


Template:Muhammad's ancestors

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