World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Brampton Bryan

Article Id: WHEBN0007029939
Reproduction Date:

Title: Brampton Bryan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Wigmore Castle, Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, Edward Harley (Parliamentarian), Robert Harley (1579–1656), Brampton (disambiguation)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Brampton Bryan

Brampton Bryan
Brampton Bryan is located in Herefordshire
Brampton Bryan
 Brampton Bryan shown within Herefordshire
OS grid reference
Civil parish Brampton Bryan
Unitary authority Herefordshire
Ceremonial county Herefordshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BUCKNELL
Postcode district SY7
Dialling code 01547
Police West Mercia
Fire Hereford and Worcester
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament North Herefordshire
List of places

Brampton Bryan is a small village and civil parish situated in north Herefordshire, England close to the Shropshire and Welsh borders.

Brampton Bryan lies mid-way between Leintwardine and Knighton on the A4113 road. The village has had a complex history and its buildings reflect this. Much of Brampton Bryan is owned by the Harley Estate who have controlled the area since the early fourteenth century. They succeeded the powerful Mortimer family.

As well as the main village, the parish contains the hamlets of Boresford and Pedwardine.


  • Buildings 1
  • History 2
  • Today 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


The ruins of Brampton Bryan Castle are on a floodplain south of the River Teme, 50 metres (160 ft) north of the church. From this site the castle guarded an important route from Ludlow along the Teme Valley to Knighton and on into Central Wales. The area has been important since Roman times and the village is a few miles west of Leintwardine - an important Roman site.

The current buildings include the ruined earthwork and buried remains of the quadrangular castle. The medieval layout consisted of four ranges built around a courtyard, with a gatehouse contained within the southern curtain wall, to which a large outer gatehouse was added. The whole was constructed on a motte and surrounded by a moat, with the approach to the castle being from the south across a bridge to the gatehouse.

The north range contained the hall and service bay, both at first floor level, with the kitchen to the east. Private accommodation was found in the other ranges, with further chambers above the gate passage of the inner gatehouse and on the first floor of the outer gatehouse. The current house was built following the English Civil War and is largely eighteenth century.

St Barnabas Church was built in 1656, during the period of the Commonwealth. It replaces an earlier building that was destroyed during the siege of Brampton Bryan castle in 1643. Whilst from the outside the church has a considerable appeal, once entered the effect is unnerving due to its breadth being entirely out of proportion to its length. Its nave and chancel are one and covered by a very fine double hammerbeam roof. The roof may well have been constructed from the ruins of the castle. It contains an early 14th century monument to Lady Margaret de Brampton, who is shown holding her heart in her hands. It is a Grade I listed building. [1] For more details see the Wigmore Abbey site.[2]

Other buildings within the village include a number of fine Buckton and Coxall across the River Teme.


The village is mentioned in the Domesday Survey when it formed part of the estate of Ralph de Mortimer although evidence of occupation extends back to at least Roman times, as the remains of a temporary marching camp lie near the village.[3]

The name means 'Broom farm/settlement'. 'Bryan' probably refers to one Brian Unspac.[4][5]

During the First English Civil War, Brampton Bryan Castle was held for Parliament by Lady Brilliana during the first of two sieges. The first siege started on 26 July 1643 when Royalists surrounded Brampton Bryan. Although the village was put to the torch (the church, the parsonage, 40 houses and the castle mills were all burnt down), and the castle left without a roof, the Royalists failed to capture the castle, ending the siege on 9 September. Lady Brilliana died later that year, probably due to ill health brought on by the siege.[6][7] In the spring of 1644, the Royalists began a new siege that lasted for three weeks. This time the castle defences were so weakened by undermining and battering by artillery, that the Parliamentary governor surrendered the castle. It was then sacked and burnt, while the garrison was sent to be imprisoned in Royalist-controlled Shrewsbury.[8]

There was also a castle in Pedwardine, south of the main village, that belonged to the Hay family.[9]


Today the village in addition to its church possesses a tearoom and a large bookshop, "Aardvark Books", which sells over 50,000 titles, and a remarkable and ancient yew hedge.

The Herefordshire Trail long distance footpath passes through the village.


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Wigmore Abbey". Retrieved 2007-11-20. 
  3. ^ "Temporary Marching Camp, Brampton Bryan, Herefordshire". 
  4. ^ Institute for Name Studies. "A Key to English Place-Names". Retrieved 15 July 2009. 
  5. ^ Some Fabulous Pedigrees. "Pedigree of Brian de Brampton Unspac, Lord of Kinlet". Retrieved 15 July 2009. 
  6. ^ BBC staff 2012.
  7. ^ HCC staff 2013.
  8. ^ Forsyth-Moser 2003.
  9. ^ GENUKI Brampton Bryan


  • BBC staff (1 August 2010), Domesday Brampton Bryan castle opens to public, BBC 
  • HCC staff (25 February 2013), Brampton Bryan Castle, Herefordshire County Council, retrieved July 2013 
  • Forsyth-Moser, Toria (2003), The Second Siege (of Brampton Bryan), Herefordshire County Council, retrieved July 2013 

External links

  • Pictures of the village
  • Living & Working in Brampton Bryan - Harley Estate
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.