World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Christ Crucified (Goya)

Article Id: WHEBN0028022329
Reproduction Date:

Title: Christ Crucified (Goya)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 1780 in art, Crucifixion (disambiguation)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Christ Crucified (Goya)

Cristo crucificado
Artist Francisco de Goya
Year 1780
Type Oil on canvas
Location Museo del Prado, Madrid

Christ Crucified (Cristo crucificado) is a 1780 painting by Francisco de Goya of the Crucifixion of Jesus. He presented it to the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando as his entry work as an academician. It now forms part of the permanent collection of the Prado Museum.


The painting is neoclassical in style, though rooted in traditional Spanish iconography of the subject and related to the treatment of the same subject by Velázquez (even borrowing its dark black background with no landscape) and Anton Raphael Mengs (borrowing its forward-pushed right leg). Goya obeys the Spanish Baroque iconographic rules for portraying the Crucifixion as laid down by Francisco Pacheco - the black background, four rather than three nails, supported feet and a trilingual inscription at the top of the cross beginning IESUS NAZARENUS REX IUDEORUM. By obeying these rules Goya removed the emphasis on devotional features such as drama and the presence of blood in order to concentrate attention on the painting's soft modelling, since his intention was to please the academicians then dominated by Mengs' neoclassicism.

Worked with loose and vibrant brushwork, Christ's head is lifted and leaning to the left, dramatically looking upwards, possibly in a representation of a gesture of ecstasy as he said "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" (Matthew 27:46, Mark 15:34), though the serenity of the painting as a whole avoids a pathetic sensation.

With this work Goya also aimed to show the academicians his work in one of the most difficult areas he possibly could - his knowledge in the area of anatomy - by presenting a nude, justified by being presented in a religious guise in conformity with Spanish tradition. Its technique resolves the difficulty of soft modelling in sfumato as well as the light source (which seems to be Christ's bared breast) and its transition into the dark areas, hiding the outlines of his underdrawing. Transparent areas, glazes and gradations are treated with delicacy in shades of gray and soft green pearl blue, and touches of intense white to enhance the flashes of light. The lines of the composition conform to the sweet classical S allied with the violent effects of the Baroque. The pushed-forward right leg, slightly skewed hip and the tilt of the head give the work dynamic adjustment as demanded by the classical canons to avoid stiffness.


As much as his contemporaries admired the painting, it fell out of fashion in the 20th century, when critics preferred to see Goya as a Romantic painter with little or no Catholic faith who paid scant attention to academic or religious painting. However, postmodernism has assessed Goya and his work as a whole, in all its facets, and has taken into account that this is a work in which Goya was still striving for professional prestige.


  • (Spanish) on the online catalogue of the Museo del Prado.
  • (Spanish) LUNA, Juan J., Realidad e imagen: Goya 1746 - 1828
  • (Spanish) .
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.