World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Hoggar Mountains

Article Id: WHEBN0000552593
Reproduction Date:

Title: Hoggar Mountains  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Teffedest Mountains, Tamanrasset Province, Saharan rock art, Mountain ranges of Algeria, Ficus ingens
Collection: Mountain Ranges of Algeria, Sahara, Saharan Rock Art, Tamanrasset Province, Tuareg, Volcanoes of Algeria
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Hoggar Mountains

Hoggar Mountains
Landscape of the Asskrem region in the Hoggar
Highest point
Peak Mount Tahat
Elevation 2,908 m (9,541 ft)
Coordinates
Naming
Native name جبال هقار
Idurar Uhaggar
Idurar n Ahaggar
Geography
Hoggar Mountains is located in Algeria
Hoggar Mountains
Location in southern Algeria
Country Algeria
Province Tamanrasset
Range coordinates
An oasis in the Hoggar Mountains

The Hoggar Mountains (Arabic: جبال هقار‎, Berber: idurar n Ahaggar, Tuareg: Idurar Uhaggar), also known as the Ahaggar, are a highland region in the central Sahara, southern Algeria, along the Tropic of Cancer.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Environment 2
    • Fauna and flora 2.1
  • Cultural significance 3
  • Panoramic view 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8

Geography

This mountainous region is located about 1,500 km (930 mi) south of the capital, Algiers. The area is largely rocky desert with an average elevation of more than 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level. The highest peak, Mount Tahat, is at 2,908 m (9,541 ft). Assekrem is a famous and often visited point where Charles de Foucauld built a hermitage in 1911.[1] The main city near the Hoggar Mountains is Tamanrasset, built in a desert valley or wadi.

Environment

The Hoggar Mountain range is chiefly volcanic rock and contains a hot summer climate, with a cold winter climate (temperatures fall below 0 °C (32 °F) in the winter). The mountains are young—about 2 million years old. Rainfall is rare and sporadic. However, since the climate is less extreme than in most other areas of the Sahara, the Hoggar Mountains are a major location for biodiversity and host relict species. The Hoggar Mountains are part of the West Saharan montane xeric woodlands ecoregion. It is also one of the national parks of the country.

Fauna and flora

Slightly to the west of the Hoggar range, a population of the endangered Painted Hunting Dog (Lycaon pictus) remained viable into the 20th century, but is now thought to be extirpated within this entire region.[2]

In scat collections there are records of the presence of these elusive and very rare carnivores.[3][4]

Relict populations of the West African crocodile persisted in the Hoggar Mountains until the early 20th century.[5]

Cultural significance

Prehistoric settlement is evident from extant rock paintings dating to 6000 BC.[6] The Hoggar massif is the land of the Tuaregs or Kel Hoggar. The tomb of Tin Hinan, the woman believed to be the ancestor of the Tuareg is located at Abalessa, an oasis near Tamanrasset. According to legend, the Tim Lam are from the Tafilalt region in the Moroccan Atlas Mountains.

Panoramic view

Panorama of the Ahaggar mountains
Panorama of The Ahaggar mountains

See also

Hoggar National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Locator map
Location Tamanrasset Province, Algeria
Nearest city Tamanrasset
Coordinates
Area 3,800 km2
Established 1987

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2009
  3. ^ see Busby, 2006, http://users.ox.ac.uk/~some2456/docs/Busby_GBJ_North_African_Cheetah_thesis.pdf.
  4. ^ http://users.ox.ac.uk/~some2456/docs/Carniv_Mol_Gen_Ahaggar_Report_2006.pdf
  5. ^ "Crocodiles in the Sahara Desert: An Update of Distribution, Habitats and Population Status for Conservation Planning in Mauritania". PLOS ONE. February 25, 2011.
  6. ^ Peter Haggett. 2001

Further reading

  • Peter Haggett. 2001. Encyclopedia of World Geography, Published by Marshall Cavendish, 3456 pages ISBN 0-7614-7289-4, 9780761472896
  • C. Michael Hogan. 2009. , GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. StrombergPainted Hunting Dog: Lycaon pictus
  • Jeremy Keenan. 1977. "The Tuareg: People of Ahaggar", Published by Allen Lane, Penguin Books Ltd., London, 385 pages, ISBN 0-7139-0636-7

External links

  • (French) A website about the park
  • Park data on UNEP-WPMC
  • Ahaggar National Park - The Biodiverse Home of the Saharan Cheetah
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.