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Mount Sodom

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Title: Mount Sodom  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Dead Sea, Lot's wife, Sodom and Gomorrah, Hills of Israel, Salt in the Bible
Collection: Dead Sea, Hebrew Bible Mountains, Hills of Israel, Mountains of Israel, Sodom and Gomorrah
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Mount Sodom

The "Lot's Wife" pillar on Mount Sodom, Israel. The pillar is made of halite.
Salt cave in Mt. Sodom.
Bedded halite at Mount Sodom.

Mount Sodom (Hebrew: הר סדום‎, Har Sedom) or Jebel Usdum (Arabic: جبل السدوم‎, Jabal(u) 'ssudūm) is a hill along the southwestern part of the Dead Sea in Israel, part of the Judean Desert Nature Reserve. Mount Sodom began its rise hundreds of thousands of years ago, and it continues to grow taller at a rate of 3.5 mm a year.[1]

It is most remarkable because it is made almost entirely of halite, or rock salt. It is approximately 8 km (5 miles) long, 5 km (3 miles) wide, and 226 metres (742 ft) above the Dead Sea water level, yet 170 metres (557 ft) below world mean sea level. Because of weathering, portions sometimes become separated. One of these separate pillars has been labeled "Lot's wife", in reference to the Biblical account of the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah.

View of the Dead Sea from Mount Sodom.

See also


  1. ^ Hareuveni, Imanuel (1985). קום התהלך בארץ: מדריך שמורות טבע בישראל [Nature Reserves in Israel] (in Hebrew) (2nd ed.).  
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