World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Off the Wall (album)

Off the Wall
Studio album by Michael Jackson
Released August 10, 1979
Recorded December 1978–June 1979
Allen Zentz Recording
Westlake Audio
Cherokee Studios
(Los Angeles, California)
Length 42:16
Label Epic
Michael Jackson chronology
The Best of Michael Jackson
Off the Wall
One Day in Your Life
2001 special edition
The slipcover for the Special Edition of the album. Current pressings of the special edition do not include the slipcover.
Singles from Off the Wall
  1. "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough"
    Released: July 10, 1979
  2. "Rock with You"
    Released: November 3, 1979
  3. "Off the Wall"
    Released: February 2, 1980
  4. "She's Out of My Life"
    Released: April 19, 1980
  5. "Girlfriend"
    Released: July 16, 1980

Off the Wall is the fifth studio album by American recording artist Michael Jackson. It was released on August 10, 1979 by Epic Records following Jackson's critically well-received film performance in The Wiz. While working on that project, Jackson and Quincy Jones had become friends, and Jones agreed to work with Jackson on his next studio album. Recording sessions took place between December 1978 and June 1979 at Allen Zentz Recording, Westlake Recording Studios, and Cherokee Studios in Los Angeles, California. Jackson collaborated with a number of other writers and performers such as Paul McCartney, Stevie Wonder and Rod Temperton. Five singles were released from the album. Three of the singles had music videos released. Jackson wrote three of the songs himself, including the number-one Grammy-winning single, "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough". It was his first solo release under Epic Records, the label he would record on until his death roughly 30 years later.

The record was a departure from Jackson's previous work for Motown. Several critics observed that Off the Wall was crafted from funk, disco, soft rock, jazz and pop ballads. Jackson received positive reviews for his vocal performance on the record. The record gained critical acclaim and recognition and won the singer his first Grammy Award. With Off the Wall, Jackson became the first solo artist to have four singles from the same album peak inside the top 10 of the Billboard Hot 100. The album was an enormous commercial success; as of 2014 it is certified eight times platinum in the United States and has reportedly sold more than 20 million copies worldwide, making it one of the best selling albums of all time.

On October 16, 2001, a special edition reissue of Off the Wall was released by Sony Records. Recent reviews by AllMusic and Blender have continued to praise Off the Wall for its appeal in the 21st century. In 2003, the album was ranked number 68 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. The National Association of Recording Merchandisers listed it at number 80 of the Definitive 200 Albums of All Time. In 2008, Off the Wall was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.


  • Background 1
  • Production 2
  • Music and vocals 3
  • Release 4
  • Reception 5
  • Legacy 6
  • Track listing 7
  • Personnel 8
  • Sales 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12


Starting in 1972, Michael Jackson released a total of four solo studio albums with Motown, among them [1] As a result of legal proceedings, the group was renamed The Jacksons.[2] After the name change, the band continued to tour internationally, releasing six more albums between 1976 and 1984. From 1976 to 1984, Michael Jackson was the lead songwriter of the group, writing or co-writing such hits as "Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)", "This Place Hotel" and "Can You Feel It".[3]

In 1978, Jackson starred as [10]


Quincy Jones produced "Off The Wall." This was the first of three successful collaborations with Jackson.

When Jackson began the Off the Wall project he was not sure what he wanted as the final result. However he did not want another record that sounded like The Jacksons. He wanted more creative freedom, something he had not been allowed on prior albums.[12] Jones and Jackson jointly produced Off the Wall, whose songwriters included Jackson, Heatwave's Rod Temperton, Stevie Wonder and Paul McCartney.[13] All sessions took place at Los Angeles County-based recording studios. Rhythm tracks and vocals were recorded at Allen Zentz Recording, the horn section's contributions took place at Westlake Audio, and string instrumentation was recorded at Cherokee Studios in West Hollywood. Following the initial sessions, audio mixing was handled by Grammy-winning engineer Bruce Swedien at Westlake Audio, after which the original tapes went to the A&M Recording Studio, also located in L.A., for mastering.[14] Swedien would later mix the recording sessions for Jackson's next album and his most well-known work, 1982's Thriller.[14] Jones recalled that, at first, he found Jackson to be very introverted, shy and non-assertive.[15]

"She's Out of My Life" was written for Jones by Tom Bahler three years prior. Jackson heard and enjoyed it, and Jones allowed him to use it on the record.[13] Jones called in Heatwave's keyboardist Rod Temperton to write three songs. The intention was for Jackson and Jones to select one of his songs, but Jackson, liking them all, included all of them in the final cut.[13] Jackson stayed up all night to learn the lyrics to these songs instead of singing from a sheet. He finished the vocals to these three Temperton songs in two recording sessions.[13] Temperton took a different approach to his song writing after spending some time researching the background to Jackson's music style. Temperton mixed his traditional harmony segments with the idea of adding shorter note melodies to suit Jackson's aggressive style.[13] Jackson wrote "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" after humming a melody in his kitchen.[16] After listening to hundreds of songs, Jackson and Jones decided upon a batch to record.[16] In hindsight, Jones believed they took a lot of risks in the production of Off the Wall and the final choice of album tracks.[13] Attention was also paid to the album cover, which shows Jackson smiling, wearing a tuxedo and trademark socks. His manager stated, "The tuxedo was the overall plan for the Off the Wall project and package. The tuxedo was our idea, the socks were Michael'".[17]

Music and vocals

Music critics [5] "Rock with You" is a romantic, mid-tempo song.[16] The album's songs have a tempo ranging from 66 beats per minute on "She's Out of My Life", to 128 on "Working Day and Night".[20]

With the arrival of Off the Wall in the late 1970s, Jackson's abilities as a vocalist were well regarded; AllMusic writer Stephen Thomas Erlewine described him as a "blindingly gifted vocalist".[19] At the time, Rolling Stone compared his vocals to the "breathless, dreamy stutter" of Stevie Wonder. Their analysis was also that "Jackson's feathery-timbered tenor is extraordinary beautiful. It slides smoothly into a startling falsetto that's used very daringly".[21] John Randall Taraborrelli expressed the opinion that Jackson sings with "sexy falsetto" vocals in "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough".[16]


Writer, journalist and biographer John Randall Taraborrelli stated, "Fans and industry peers alike were left with their mouths agape when Off the Wall was issued to the public. Fans proclaimed that they hadn't heard him sing with such joy and abandon since the early Jackson 5 days".[17] On July 28, 1979, Off the Wall's first single, "[22][23] On November 3, 1979 the second single from the album, "Rock with You" was released, again it peaked atop the Billboard Hot 100.[24]

In February, the album's [22] Today, Off the Wall is certified 8× Multi-Platinum in the US for shipments of eight million units and sold over 20 million copies worldwide.[27][28][29] The album's success lead to the start of a 9-year partnership between Jackson and Jones, their next collaboration would be Thriller, which is the world's best selling album of all time.[30]


Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 5/5 stars[19]
Blender 5/5 stars[31]
Robert Christgau (A)[32]
Melody Maker (favorable)[33]
Q 5/5 stars[34]
Rolling Stone (favorable)[18]
Smash Hits (favorable)[35]
Sounds 4/5 stars[36]
Yahoo! Music (favorable)[37]

Off the Wall was hailed as a major breakthrough for Jackson, while receiving critical recognition, along with praises, from major music publications. In a 1979 review of the album, Rolling Stone magazine contributor Stephen Holden praised Jackson's maturity and transition from his early Motown material, while calling the album a "slick, sophisticated R&B-pop showcase with a definite disco slant". Holden went on to compare Jackson to Stevie Wonder, another Motown performer who began recording at a young age and gained critical acclaim for his transition.[18]

Music critic Robert Christgau gave the album a positive (A) grade believing that Off the Wall was "the dance groove of the year" and the album presented Jackson as a grown up.[32] In a review for Melody Maker Phil McNeill expressed the opinion that in Off the Wall Jackson sounded comfortable, confident and in control. He believed "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" had a "classy" introduction and that it was the best song on the album. He also praised "Rock with You", describing it as "masterful". The reviewer concurred with a colleague that Jackson was "probably the best singer in the world right now in terms of style and technique".[33] Giving the album a favorable review in Smash Hits, David Hepworth said that Jackson "sings like an angel".[35] Sounds shared the same point of view, qualifying Jackson's voice as "astoninshingly agile". The first side of Off the Wall is praised for its "clutch of dancers that must have even Nile Rodgers and Bernard Edwards watching their backs".[36]

In 1980, Jackson won three awards at the [22][38] In particular, Jackson was disappointed that he had won only a single Grammy Award at the 1980 Grammys, a Grammy Award for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance for "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough".[39] Jackson stated that "It was totally unfair that it didn't get Record of the Year and it can never happen again".[40]


On October 16, 2001, a special edition reissue of Off the Wall was released by Sony Records.[19] The material found strong praise from critics more than 20 years after the original release. AllMusic gave the record a five star review, praising the record's disco-tinged funk and mainstream pop blend, along with Jackson's songwriting and Jones' crafty production.[19] The publication believed, "[Off the Wall] is an enormously fresh record, one that remains vibrant and giddily exciting years after its release".[19]

In recent years [31]

In 2003, the album was ranked number 68 on [5] In 2008, Off the Wall was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.

Grammy Awards
Year Recipient Award Result
1980 "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" Best Disco Recording Nominated[43]
"Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Won[43]
Grammy Hall of Fame
Year Recipient Award Result
2008 Off the Wall Album Inducted[44]

Track listing

No. Title Writer(s) Producer(s) Length
1. "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough"   Michael Jackson
2. "Rock with You"   Rod Temperton Jones 3:40
3. "Working Day and Night"   Jackson
  • Jones
  • Jackson (co.)
4. "Get on the Floor"  
  • Jones
  • Jackson (co.)
5. "Off the Wall"   Temperton Jones 4:05
6. "Girlfriend"   Paul McCartney Jones 3:05
7. "She's Out of My Life"   Tom Bahler Jones 3:37
8. "I Can't Help It"   Jones 4:29
9. "It's the Falling in Love"   Jones 3:48
10. "Burn This Disco Out"   Temperton Jones 3:41
  • The original LP, cassette pressings and first CD issue of this album contain the original mixes of "Rock with You" and "Get on the Floor".



Region Certification Sales/shipments
Australia (ARIA)[45] 5× Platinum 350,000^
Canada (Music Canada)[46] Triple Platinum 300,000[47]
France (SNEP)[48] Platinum 300,000*
Hong Kong (IFPI Hong Kong)[49] Gold 15,000*
Italy (FIMI)[50] Gold 30,000*
Japan (RIAJ)[51] Double Platinum 500,000[52]
Mexico (AMPROFON)[53] 3× Platinum 500,000[53]
New Zealand (RMNZ)[54] 6× Platinum 90,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[55] 6× Platinum 1,800,000[56]
United States (RIAA)[57] 8× Platinum 8,000,000^
World 20,000,000[27]

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

See also


  1. ^ a b c George, p. 22
  2. ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 138–144
  3. ^ "The Jackson Five".  
  4. ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 163–169
  5. ^ a b c George, p. 23
  6. ^ a b  
  7. ^ Sharp, Kathleen (2003). Mr. and Mrs. Hollywood: Edie and Lew Wasserman and Their Entertainment Empire. Carroll & Graf Publishers. pp. 357–358.  
  8. ^ Posner, Gerald (2002). Motown: Music, Money, Sex, and Power. New York: Random House. pp. 293–295.  
  9. ^ Campbell (1993), p. 41
  10. ^ a b  
  11. ^ Crouse, Richard (2000). Big Bang Baby: The Rock and Roll Trivia Book. Dundurn Press Ltd. pp. 158–159.  
  12. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 183
  13. ^ a b c d e f Jackson, Michael. Off the Wall Special Edition Audio.
  14. ^ a b " - Off the Wall (1979 LP)". Discogs. Retrieved 2008-08-15. 
  15. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 185
  16. ^ a b c d e Taraborrelli, p. 186
  17. ^ a b c d Taraborrelli, p. 187
  18. ^ a b c Holden, Stephen. "Michael Jackson: Off The Wall : Music Reviews" at the Wayback Machine (archived June 29, 2009). Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h Erlewine, Stephen. "Off the Wall Overview".  
  20. ^ The Complete Michael Jackson, International Music Publications Ltd, 1997, ISBN 1859094473
  21. ^ "Michael Jackson: Biography". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 2008-01-09. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  22. ^ a b c d e George, pp. 37–38
  23. ^ - Search Results - Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough (Singles chart). Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  24. ^ - Search Results - Rock with You (Singles chart). Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  25. ^ - Search Results - Off the Wall (Singles chart). Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved on 2008-08-15.
  26. ^ - Search Results - She's Out of My Life (Singles chart). Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  27. ^ a b "Michael Jackson: Off the Wall - Classic albums - Music - Virgin media".  
  28. ^ "Gold and Platinum".  
  29. ^ Taraborrelli, pp. 610–612
  30. ^ "The 25 Best-Selling Albums of All-Time | Cover Story | Music | Entertainment Weekly | 1". Entertainment Weekly and Time Inc. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  31. ^ a b "Michael Jackson : Off the Wall". Blender. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  32. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (1979-12-03). "Christgau's Consumer Guide".  
  33. ^ a b  
  34. ^  
  35. ^ a b  
  36. ^ a b Hepworth, david (September 15, 1979). The Timeless Lure of young boys [Off The wall - album review].  
  37. ^ Clay, Jennifer. "Off the Wall".  
  38. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 188
  39. ^ "Off the Wall > Charts & Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2008-08-15. 
  40. ^ Taraborrelli, p. 191
  41. ^ "The RS 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  42. ^ "Definitive 200". The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. 2007. Archived from the original on 2008-04-06. Retrieved 2008-04-08. 
  43. ^ a b "Grammy Awards 1980". Rock on the Net. Retrieved 2009-09-12. 
  44. ^ " - Hall of Fame inductees". The Recording Academy. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
  45. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2009 Albums".  
  46. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Michael Jackson – Off the Wall".  
  47. ^ King of Pop. Branden Books. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  48. ^ "French album certifications – Jackson M – Off the Wall" (in French). InfoDisc.  Select JACKSON M and click OK
  49. ^ "International Gold Disc".  
  50. ^ "Italian album certifications – Michael Jackson – Off the Wall" (in Italian).   Select Album e Compilation in the field Scegli la sezione. Select Week -- and Year ----. Enter Michael Jackson in the field Artista. Click Avvia la ricerca
  51. ^ "Japanese album certifications – Michael Jackson – Off the Wall" (in Japanese).  
  52. ^ "Number Ones". Sony Music Japan. Retrieved 2012-04-20. 
  53. ^ a b "Michael Jackson Off The Wall Mexico Promo AWARD DISC (282051)". 2004-03-30. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  54. ^ "Gold / Platinum Albums".  
  55. ^ "British album certifications – Michael Jackson – Off the Wall".   Enter Off the Wall in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
  56. ^ Craig Halstead, Chris Cadman. Michael Jackson The Solo Years. Retrieved 2012-06-03. 
  57. ^ "American album certifications – Michael Jackson – Off the Wall".   If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  • Campbell, Lisa (1993). Michael Jackson: The King of Pop. Branden.  
  • Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection liner notes. Sony BMG.

External links

  • Michael Jackson discography at Discogs
  • History of the album; recording, production, conception, aftermath etc. at
Preceded by
The Wall by Pink Floyd
Australian Kent Music Report number-one album
March 31 – April 13, 1980
Succeeded by
True Colours by Split Enz
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.