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 Date: 2013, Volume: Second Edition Book Id: WPLBN0002828178 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Geometry ► Abstract Description DetailsIn The 2nd Conference on Combinatorics and Graph Theory of China (Aug. 16-19, 2006, Tianjing), I formally presented a combinatorial conjecture on mathematical sciences (abbreviated to CC Conjecture), i.e., a mathematical science can be reconstructed from or made by combinatorialization, implicated in the foreword of Chapter 5 of my book Automorphism groups of Maps, Surfaces and Smarandache Geometries (USA, 2005). This conjecture is essentially a philosophic notion for developing mathematical sciences of 21st century, which means that we can combine different fields into a union one and then determines its behavior quantitatively. It is this notion that urges me to research mathematics and physics by combinatorics, i.e., mathematical combinatorics beginning in 2004 when I was a post-doctor of Chinese Academy of Mathematics and System Science. It finally brought about me one self-contained book, the first edition of this book, published by InfoQuest Publisher in 2009. This edition is a revisited edition, also includes the development of a few topics discussed in the first edition.... Excerpt Details1.5 ENUMERATION TECHNIQUES 1.5.1 Enumeration Principle. The enumeration problem on a finite set is to count and find closed formula for elements in this set. A fundamental principle for solving this problem in general is on account of the enumeration principle: For finite sets X and Y , the equality |X| = |Y | holds if and only if there is a bijection f : X → Y . Certainly, if the set Y can be easily countable, then we can find a closed formula for elements in X.... Table of Contents DetailsContents Preface to the Second Edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i Chapter 1. Combinatorial Principle with Graphs . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.1 Multi-sets with operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 1.1.1 Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.1.2 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.1.3 Boolean algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.1.4 Multi-Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 1.2 Multi-posets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.2.1 Partially ordered set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 1.2.2 Multi-Poset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1.3 Countable sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 1.3.1 Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 1.3.2 Countable set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 1.4 Graphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 1.4.1 Graph. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 1.4.2 Subgraph . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 1.4.3 Labeled graph. . . . . . ...
 Book Id: WPLBN0002828154 Subjects: Non Fiction, Education, Chinese Construction ► Abstract Description DetailsA how to book on Chinese construction, in theory and practice. Excerpt DetailsAbstract: A tendering is a negotiating process for a contract through by a tenderer issuing an invitation, bidders submitting bidding documents and the tenderer accepting a bidding by sending out a notification of award. It is a main measure for completing market economy in China. According to laws and new regulations, rulers and codes new issued, this book introduces fundamental knowledge and techniques in theory and practice for a construction contract by bids, such as those of macro-economic policies, investing and constructing management, the tendering and bidding law with its regulations and how to compile a qualification document for a designing, consulting, constructing, purchasing project or a corporate body of a project management. By Smarandache multi-spaces, a mathematical evaluation model for bids is established and examples are included. The Tendering and Bidding Law of China, 5 regulations related and 100 answers for tendering and bidding in China can be found in the attachment. It is referable to researchers on theory or persons working in purchasing and students in universities....
 Date: 2013, Volume 2, June 2011 Book Id: WPLBN0002828344 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Excerpt DetailsDuality Theorems of Multiobjective Generalized Disjunctive Fuzzy Nonlinear Fractional Programming Abstract: This paper is concerned with the study of duality conditions to convex-concave generalized multiobjective fuzzy nonlinear fractional disjunctive programming problems for which the decision set is the union of a family of convex sets. The Lagrangian function for such problems is defined and the Kuhn-Tucker Saddle and Stationary points are characterized. In addition, some important theorems related to the Kuhn-Tucker problem for saddle and stationary points are established. Moreover, a general dual problem is formulated together with weak; strong and converse duality theorems are proved. Key Words: Generalized multiobjective fractional programming; Disjunctive programming; Convexity; Concavity; fuzzy parameters Duality. ... Table of Contents DetailsContents Duality Theorems of Multiobjective Generalized Disjunctive Fuzzy Nonlinear Fractional Programming BY E.E.AMMAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 Surface Embeddability of Graphs via Joint Trees BY YANPEI LIU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Plick Graphs with Crossing Number 1 BY B.BASAVANAGOUD AND V.R.KULLI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Effects of Foldings on Free Product of Fundamental Groups BY M.El-GHOUL, A. E.El-AHMADY, H.RAFAT AND M.ABU-SALEEM. . . . . . . 29 Absolutely Harmonious Labeling of Graphs BY M.SEENIVASAN AND A.LOURDUSAMY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 The Toroidal Crossing Number of K4n BY SHENGXIANG LV, TANG LING AND YUANGQIU HUANG . . . . . . . . . . 52 On Pathos Semitotal and Total Block Graph of a Tree BY MUDDEBIHAL M. H. AND SYED BABAJAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Varieties of Groupoids and Quasigroups Generated by Linear-Bivariate Polynomials Over Ring Zn BY E.ILOJIDE, T.G.JAIYEOLA AND O.O.OWOJORI . . . . . 79 New Characterizations for Bertrand Curves in Minkowski 3-Space BY BAHADDIN BUKCU, MURAT K...
 Date: 2013, Volume 1, April 2010 Book Id: WPLBN0002828334 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Excerpt Detailsx4: Radio labeling of P3n for n is less than or equal to 5 or n = 7 In this section we determine radio numbers of cube path of small order as a special case....
 Date: 2013, Volume 2, July 2009 Book Id: WPLBN0002828340 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Table of Contents DetailsContents Tangent Space and Derivative Mapping on Time Scale BY EMIN ¨OZYILMAZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 Basic Properties Of Second Smarandache Bol Loops BY T.G.JA´IY´E O. L´A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Smarandachely Precontinuous maps and Preopen Sets in Topological Vector Spaces BY SAYED ELAGAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Path Double Covering Number of Product Graphs BY A. NAGARAJAN, V. MAHESWARI, S. NAVANEETHAKRISHNAN. . . . . . 27 Some Remarks on Fuzzy N-Normed Spaces BY SAYED ELAGAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 σ-Coloring of the Monohedral Tiling BY M. E. BASHER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 The Forcing Domination Number of Hamiltonian Cubic Graphs BY H.ABDOLLAHZADEH AHANGAR AND PUSHPALATHA L. . . . . . . . . . 53 Permutation Polynomials modulo n, n 6= 2w and Latin Squares BY VADIRAJA BHATTA G. R. and SHANKAR B. R. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Graphoidal Tree d - Cover BY S.SOMASUNDARAM, A.NAGARAJAN AND G.MA...
 Date: 2013, Volume 4, December 2010 Book Id: WPLBN0002828354 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Excerpt DetailsOn (∈ vq)-Fuzzy Bigroup Abstract: In this paper, we introduce the concept of fuzzy singleton to bigroup, and uses it to define (∈ v q)- fuzzy bigroup and discuss its properties. We investigate whether or not the fuzzy point of a bigroup will belong to or quasi coincident with its fuzzy set if the constituent fuzzy points of the constituting subgroups both belong to or quasi coincident with their respective fuzzy sets, and vise versa. We also prove that a fuzzy bisubset μ is an (∈ vq)-fuzzy subbigroup of the bigroup G if its constituent fuzzy subsets are (∈ vq)-fuzzy subgroups of their respective subgroups among others. Key Words: Bigroups, fuzzy bigroups, fuzzy singleton on bigroup, (∈ vq)- fuzzy subgroups, (∈ vq)- fuzzy bigroup ... Table of Contents DetailsContents On (∈ vq)- Fuzzy Bigroup BY AKINOLA L.S. and AGBOOLA A.A.A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 Connectivity of Smarandachely Line Splitting Graphs BY B.BASAVANAGOUD and VEENA MATHAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 08 Separation for Triple-Harmonic Di?erential Operator in Hilbert Space BY E.M.E.ZAYED and S.A.OMRAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Classification of Differentiable Graph BY A. El-Abed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 On Equitable Coloring of Helm Graph and Gear Graph BY KALIRAJ.K and VERNOLD VIVIN.J . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 On the Roman Edge Domination Number of a Graph BY K. EBADI, E. KHODADADI and L. PUSHPALATHA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 The Upper Monophonic Number of a Graph BY J.JOHN and S.PANCHALI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Some Results on Pair Sum Labeling of Graphs BY R. PONRAJ, J.VIJAYA XAVIER PARTHIPAN and R.KALA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Weierstrass Formula for Minimal Surface in the Special Three-Dimensional Kenmotsu Manifold K with _-...
 Date: 2013, Volume 3, October 2008 Book Id: WPLBN0002828346 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Excerpt DetailsExtending Homomorphism Theorem to Multi-Systems Abstract: The multi-laterality of WORLD implies multi-systems to be its best candidate model for ones cognition on nature, which is also included in an ancient book of China, TAO TEH KING written by Lao Zi, an ancient philosopher of China. Then how it works to mathematics, not suspended in thought? This paper explains this action by mathematical logic on mathematical systems generalized to Smarandache systems, or such systems with combinatorial structures, i.e., combinatorial systems, and shows how to extend the homomorphism theorem in abstract algebra to multi-systems or combinatorial systems. All works in this paper are motivated by a combinatorial speculation of mine which is reformed on combinatorial systems and can be also applied to geometry. Key Words: Homomorphism theorem, multi-system, combinatorial system. ... Table of Contents Details...Contents Extending Homomorphism Theorem to Multi-Systems BY LINFAN MAO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 A Double Cryptography Using the Smarandache Keedwell Cross Inverse Quasigroup BY T. G. JA´IY´EOL´A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...
 Date: 2013, Volume 1, January 2008 Book Id: WPLBN0002828330 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics is a fully refereed international journal, sponsored by the MADIS of Chinese Academy of Sciences and published in USA quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandachemulti-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,· · · , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretic... Excerpt DetailsAbstract: Let G be a group having a partially closed subset S such that S contains the identity element of G and each element in S has an inverse in S. Such subsets of G are called halfsubgroups of G. If a halfsubgroup S generates the group G, then S is called a halfsubgroup generating the group or hsgg in short. In this paper we prove some results on hsggs of a group. Order class of a group are special halfsubgroupoids. Elementary abelian groups are characterized as groups with maximum special halfsubgroupoids. Order class of a group with unity forms a typical halfsubgroup. Key words: halfsubgroup, hsgg, order class of an element. AMS(2000): 20Kxx, 20L05.... Table of Contents Details... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .06 Curvature Equations on Combinatorial Manifolds with Applications to Theoretical Physics BY LINFAN MAO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 A Pair of Smarandachely Isotopic Quasigroups and Loops of the Same Variety BY T. G. JA´IY´EOL´A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
 Date: 2013, Volume 2, July 2010 Book Id: WPLBN0002828342 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Table of Contents DetailsContents On the Crypto-Automorphism of the Buchsteiner Loops BY J.O.AD´EN´IRN and Y.T.OYEBO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .01 Generalizations of Poly-Bernoulli Numbers and Polynomials BY HASSAN JOLANY, M.R.DARAFSHEH AND R.EIZADI ALIKELAYE . . . . 07 Open Alliance in Graphs BY N.JAFARI RAD AND H.REZAZADEH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 The Forcing Weak Edge Detour Number of a Graph BY A.P.SANTHAKUMARAN AND S.ATHISAYANATHAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Special Smarandache Curves in the Euclidean Space BY AHMAD T. ALI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 The H-Line Signed Graph of a Signed Graph BY R.RANGARAJAN, M. S. SUBRAMANYA AND P. SIVA KOTA REDDY. . . .37 Min-Max Dom-Saturation Number of a Tree BY S. ARUMUGAM AND S. SUDHA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Embeddings of Circular graph C(2n + 1, 2) (n ≥ 2) on the Projective Plane BY XINQIU LIU, YUANQIU HUANG AND JING WANG. . . . . . . . . . . . .53 A Note On Jump Symmetric n-Sigraph BY H. A.MALATHI AND H. C.SAVITHRI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 New Families of Mean Graphs ...
 Date: 2013, Volume 1, April 2009 Book Id: WPLBN0002828332 ► Abstract Description DetailsAims and Scope: The International J.Mathematical Combinatorics (ISSN 1937-1055) is a fully refereed international journal, and published quarterly comprising 100-150 pages approx. per volume, which publishes original research papers and survey articles in all aspects of Smarandache multi-spaces, Smarandache geometries, mathematical combinatorics, non-euclidean geometry and topology and their applications to other sciences. Topics in detail to be covered are: Smarandache multi-spaces with applications to other sciences, such as those of algebraic multi-systems, multi-metric spaces,. . . , etc.. Smarandache geometries; Differential Geometry; Geometry on manifolds; Topological graphs; Algebraic graphs; Random graphs; Combinatorial maps; Graph and map enumeration; Combinatorial designs; Combinatorial enumeration; Low Dimensional Topology; Differential Topology; Topology of Manifolds; Geometrical aspects of Mathematical Physics and Relations with Manifold Topology; Applications of Smarandache multi-spaces to theoretical physics; Applications of Combinatorics to mathematics and theoretical physics; Mathematical theory on gravitatio... Excerpt DetailsAbstract: In this paper we find the interrelations and the hidden pattern of the problems faced by the PWDs and their caretakers using Fuzzy Relational Maps (FRMs). Here we have taken the problems faced by the rural persons with disabilities in Melmalayanur and Kurinjipadi Blocks, Tamil Nadu, India. This paper is organized with the following four sections. Section one is introductory in nature giving the overall contents from the survey made about PWDs in the above said Blocks. Section two gives description of FRM models and the attributes taken for the study related with the PWDs and the caretakers, the FRM model formed using these attributes and their analysis. The third section gives the suggestions and conclusions derived from the survey as well as the FRM model. Key Words: FRM model, fixed point, hidden pattern, relational matrix, limit cycle. AMS(2000): 04A72.... Table of Contents Details...ns with Disability (PWD) Using FRMs BY W.B.VASANTHA KANDASAMY, A.PRAVEEN PRAKASH AND K.THIRUSANGU 01 Topological Multi-groups and Multi-fields BY LINFAN MAO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 08 Shortest Co-cycle Bases of Graphs BY HAN REN AND JING HAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 On Involute a...