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Fuzzy and Neutrosophic Analysis of Periyar's Views on Untouchability

By: W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy and Florentin Smarandache

..., THE PROPHET OF THE NEW AGE THE SOCRATES OF SOUTH EAST ASIA FATHER OF THE SOCIAL REFORM MOVEMENT AND ARCH ENEMY OF IGNORANCE, SUPERSTITIONS, ME... ...udras in the field of education as untouchables using FCMs and NCMs 58 2.3 Social inequality faced by Dalits and some of the most backward class... ...ntouchability using fuzzy and neutrosophic analysis 83 2.6 Analysis of the social problem of untouchability using Fuzzy Relational Maps 97 ... ... in life and the caste-based occupation they had to follow hereditarily. In a democratic nation, one must have the right to choose ones profession. ... ...l to get elected and the dummy dalit candidates out up by the major political parties 76 end up holding public office. Also, electoral violence a... ...s that when Dalits live under fear during elections, they are denied even the democratic right to vote for a candidate of their choice. The expert... ... If the ruling party realizes this and keeps in mind that the nation is to be democratically ruled, certainly the concept of political discriminatio... ...radical outlook enabled him to even support the progressive policies of other parties such as the South Indian Liberation Federation (popularly, the... ...eligions because they don’t have untouchability. They support some political parties because it gives equal rights for the Untouchables. The Self-R...

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The Future of the Internet : And How to Stop It

By: Jonathan Zittrain

...ex. ISBN 978-0-300-12487-3 (hardcover : alk. paper) 1. Internet. 2. Internet—Social aspects. 3. Internet—Security measures. I. Title. TK5105.875.I57Z5... ...ne nor the appliance can be easily repro- grammed by their users or by third parties, and, as later chapters will explain, “generativity” was thus not... ...ajor software efforts of- ten include plug-in architecture that allows fourth parties to write code that builds on the third parties’ code. The box has... ...These decisions paved the way for advances invented and distributed by third parties, advances that were the exceptions to the comparative innovation ... ...al wires, with services above, and then applications, and finally content and social interaction. If AT&T had prevailed in the Carterfone proceeding, i... ..., made first as an engineering matter, can end up with major implications for social interac- tion and regulation. 48 Another example of the trade-offs ... ...t. But not every society operates according to a framework of laws that are democratically promulgated and then enforced by an independent judiciary.... ...f liberty along all three vectors of liberal political morality. They enable democratic discourse to flow among constituents, rather than primarily thr... ...r balance between enforcement and restraint is an age-old question in market-democratic societies, and solutions have always entailed compromise. It w...

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Fixing Global Finance

By: Kavaljit Singh

...ns, contraction in world trade and GDP, and public budget interventions. 3 Social Dimensions of Financial Crisis The global financial crisis has turne... ...s of Financial Crisis The global financial crisis has turned into a global social crisis. It has been estimated that the financial crisis could push 9... ... measures announced by governments lack focus on employment generation and social protection. The developed countries are facing a far worse social cr... ... election campaign in Germany, Franz Muntefering, then Chair of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), described private equity firms as “locusts.” He sub... ...re relatively regulated, OTC contracts are informal agreements between two parties and therefore carry heavy risk. The Risks While financial derivativ... ... This trend is most evident in several African economies such as Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Mali, and Nigeria where profit remitta... ...ross the border with impunity – belongs to this community. From Poverty to Democratic Power Financial stability calls for a grater role of the state a...

...c activity throughout the world. The crisis has highlighted that financial markets are inherently unstable and market failures have huge economic and social costs. The crisis has renewed debate on the role of global finance and how it should be regulated. The aim of this book is to encourage and stimulate a more informed debate on reforming the global finance. It exami...

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Cyclopedia of Economics

By: Sam Vaknin

...ve a right to life. The existence of a right implies obligations or duties of third parties towards the right-holder. One has a right AGAINST other ... ... is). Still, if a contract has been signed - implicitly or explicitly - between the parties, then such a right may crystallize in the contract and c... ...are). Still, if a contract has been signed - implicitly or explicitly - between the parties, then the abrogation of such a right may crystallize in ... ...onstitutes "just killing" is a matter for an ethical calculus in the framework of a social contract. But does A's right not to be killed include the... ...ght to euthanasia, to have one's life terminated at will, is restricted by numerous social, ethical, and legal rules, principles, and considerations... ...but this right is not automatic, nor is it all-encompassing. III. Abortion and the Social Contract The issue of abortion is emotionally loaded and ... ...bility between the order of the world (read: the church doctrine) and meritocratic (democratic) capitalism? Could Thomas Aquinas' "Summa Theologica... ...gislature, the judiciary, and the world of business. This clubbish rendition of the democratic ideals is a travesty and a mockery. People power is t... ... the world ... indeed, it is the only thing that ever has" (Margaret Mead) I. The Democratic Ideal and New Colonialism "Democracy" is not the rule...

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Cyclopedia of Philosophy

By: Sam Vaknin

...ve a right to life. The existence of a right implies obligations or duties of third parties towards the right-holder. One has a right AGAINST other ... ... is). Still, if a contract has been signed - implicitly or explicitly - between the parties, then such a right may crystallize in the contract and c... ...are). Still, if a contract has been signed - implicitly or explicitly - between the parties, then the abrogation of such a right may crystallize in ... ...onstitutes "just killing" is a matter for an ethical calculus in the framework of a social contract. But does A's right not to be killed include the... ...ght to euthanasia, to have one's life terminated at will, is restricted by numerous social, ethical, and legal rules, principles, and considerations... ...but this right is not automatic, nor is it all-encompassing. III. Abortion and the Social Contract The issue of abortion is emotionally loaded and ... ...bility between the order of the world (read: the church doctrine) and meritocratic (democratic) capitalism? Could Thomas Aquinas' "Summa Theologica... ...gislature, the judiciary, and the world of business. This clubbish rendition of the democratic ideals is a travesty and a mockery. People power is t... ... the world ... indeed, it is the only thing that ever has" (Margaret Mead) I. The Democratic Ideal and New Colonialism "Democracy" is not the rule...

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Capitalistic Musings

By: Sam Vaknin

...d with mass behaviour. Many of its practitioners sought to disguise its nature as a social science by applying complex mathematics where common sens... ...c theory. Government is alternately cast as a saint, seeking to selflessly maximize social welfare - or as the villain, seeking to perpetuate and in... ...n may be entitled to some kind of safety net - but not so its managers. Laws - and social norms - that protect the latter at the expense of the for... ...ct also stipulates the maximum claim within the life of the arrangement. Thus, both parties know what to expect and - a usually well known or antici... ...sprung all over the world and their philosophy permeates the ideology of political parties in many countries, not least the USA. Taxes are punitive... ...ty every time someone compresses an image using the JPEG algorithm. It urges third parties to negotiate with it separate licensing agreements. It b... ...stitutions in doubt, tarnishes the entire political class, and, thus, endangers the democratic system and the rule of law, property rights included.... ... constituency. Though unelected and ignorant of local realities, they confront the democratically chosen and those who voted them into office. A fe... ...ities and finances. Light disinfects. The solution is to force NGOs to become both democratic and accountable. All countries and multinational orga...

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Trendsiters Digital Content and Web Technologies

By: Sam Vaknin

...hools and other educational institutions, libraries can serve as decisive socialization agents and introduce generations of pupils, students, and re... ... be room left for user "hunches" and built in flexible responses. 4. Social Taxes Sooner or later, the business sector has to mollify the God ... ... has to mollify the God of public opinion with offerings of political and social nature. The Internet is an affluent, educated, yuppie medium. It req... ...'s authors to grant online publishing permissions for their work to third parties. No print literary magazine can beat this one stop shop. So, how... ...and obscenity laws). There was little or no difference between royal and "democratic" governments. They all acted ruthlessly to preserve their contr... ...hes or to confusion? In other words: all PG e-texts are "equal". It is a "democratic" system. There is no "text rating", historical context, peer re... ... constantly re-jigged on the Wikipedia! 2. The Wikipedia is anarchic, not democratic The Wikipedia is not an experiment in online democracy, but a f... ...ions consultants, marketing personnel, special interest groups, political parties, business firms, brand managers, and others with an axe to grind. ... ...time someone compresses an image using the JPEG algorithm. It urges third parties to negotiate with it separate licensing agreements. It bases its c...

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Chicago Manual of Style

By: University of Chicago

...the name of the place in which they are located. 7. The names of political parties, religious denomina- tions or sects, and philosophical, literary... ... schools, and their adherents : Republican, Conservative, National Liberal, Social Democ- racy (where, as in continental Europe, it is organized as ... ...ublican form of government, a true democrat and a con- servative statesman, socialism as an economic panacea, the ~ - 6 The University of Chicago ... ...rs: Black Friars, Dominican, Jesuitism. 9. The proper (official) titles of social, religious, educa- tional, political, commercial, and industrial ... ...gh their associa- tions, acquired special significance as designations for parties, classes, movements, etc. (see 7) : Protestant League, Holy Alli... ... French, generally speaking, are a nation of artists;" "The English, highly democratic as they are, nevertheless deem the nobility one of the fundam... ...s, 7; of political alliances I+; of political divisions, 4, 5; of:pobt~cal parties, 7; of pronouns refern- to the Supreme Being, 31; of pm~ nouns ...

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Evan Harrington

By: George Meredith

...we may augur that he is not often blessed by one or other of the two great parties who subdivide this universe. In the case of Mr. Melchisedec it was ... ...s fair enemy, and to find a distraction for their legs. The classes of our social fabric have, here and there, slight connecting links, and provincial... ...her on deck,’ said the Countess. ‘Silva is too harassed for converse.’ The parties were thus divided. The silent Count was left to meditate on his wro... ...d!—I have been slaving in your interests. Y es; I have forced the Jocelyns socially to acknowledge us. I have not slept; I have eaten bare morsels. Do... ... him from beneath his bushy eyebrows. Before long he had again to call two parties to order. To Raikes, Laxley was a puppy: to Laxley, Mr. Raikes was ... ...re was the necessity for him to thrust the fact of his being that abhorred social pariah down the throats of an assembly of worthy good fellows? The a... ...’ exclaimed the frenzied Countess, within her bosom. Alas! it was almost a democratic outcry they made her guilty of; but she was driven past patience...

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The Writings of Abraham Lincoln in Seven Volumes Volume 2 of 7

By: Abraham Lincoln

... Coles and Edwards courts. I have some cases in both of them, in which the parties have my promise, and are depending upon me. The court commences in ... ...e sent to Vera Cruz as soon as it shall be deemed proper. “The contracting parties sign this instrument for the abovementioned purposes, in duplicate,... ...at may properly be called an internal im- provement veto message. The late Democratic conven- tion, which sat at Baltimore, and which nominated Gen- e... ...eral Cass for the Presidency, adopted a set of resolutions, now called the Democratic platform, among which is one in these words: “That the Constitut... ...nation, holds this language: “I have carefully read the resolutions of the Democratic national convention, laying down the platform of our po- litical... ...eved that the self- named “Free Soil” party was far behind the Whigs. Both parties opposed the extension. As he understood it the new party had no pri... ...he only danger which seemed to threaten, at some distant day, to sever the social bond of union. All the evidences of public opinion at that day seeme... ...incoln: V ol Two upon. What next? Free them, and make them politically and socially our equals? My own feelings will not admit of this, and if mine wo... ... not be said that I am contending for the establish- ment of political and social equality between the whites and blacks. I have already said the cont...

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Walden Or, Life in the Woods

By: Henry David Thoreau

...nt to complain that this is a cold world; and to cold, no less physical than social, we refer directly a great part of our ails. The summer, in some c... ...gain, running in the face of it. If it had concerned either of the political parties, depend upon it, it would have appeared in the Gazette with the e... ...ized country, where —— — people are judged of by their clothes.” Even in our democratic New England towns the accidental possession of wealth, and its... ...s one not interested in the success or failure of the present economical and social arrangements. I was more 34 Walden independent than any farmer in... ...is moment stopping at some brilliant station house in town or city, where a social crowd is gathered, the next in the Dismal Swamp, scaring the owl a... ... keep a house. Say, some hollow tree; and then for morning calls and dinner parties! Only a woodpecker tapping. O, they swarm; the sun is too warm th...

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The Public Domain : Enclosing the Commons of the Mind

By: James Boyle

...tion of the petunia farmer. Pause for a moment and think of what a brilliant social innovation this is— at least potentially. Focus not on the incenti... ...ates a cybernetic and responsive innova- tion marketplace. The allocation of social resources to particular types of in- novation is driven by guesses... ...But we do not condemn the scientist who notes that they are both “mammals”—a socially constructed category—so long as he has a reason for focusing on ... ...bates of the nineteenth century. (Though we might hope it would also be more democratic.) And yet...there is much that is missing from the skepticism ... ...y contrast, a gene sequence, an MP3 file, or an image may be used by multiple parties; my The Second Enclosure Movement 47 ___-1 ___0 ___ 1 37278_u01.q... ...ndivid- ual ID. We must make click-wrap contracts enforceable, even on third parties, even when you cannot read them before clicking—so that you never... ...spondence, attacks on the hypocrisy of the music companies and defenses of a democratic commu- nications structure imperceptibly gave way to discussio... ...stances. The Constitution, after all, is a framework for building a just and democratic society. It is not a suicide pact. 9 Judge Kaplan is right in ... ...ered by intellectual property rights, the ways that material is covered, the parties who hold the rights, and the state of research and development at...

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And Gulliver Returns Book VI : Our Psychological Motivations

By: Lemuel Gulliver XVI

................................................................................................................................... 54 POWER THRU SOCIAL... ... 5 Meeting Dr. Chan —―Good morning gentlemen. I want to introduce you to Dr. Chuck Chan. He is a professor of social... ... our doctorates at the same time at your alma mater Commander. Of course I was in psychology and she was in philosophy but we knew each other social... ... on to observe that these self actualized people have a deep feeling of kinship with others, especially other self actualized people. They are democr... ...ions are based on the traditions of our family or our culture. But because it is common, is it right? ―If I say ‗My family has voted Democr... ... Charles Taylor of Liberia or Slobodan Milošević, the former president of Serbia. You see it in parents vying for the most expensive birthday partie... ... ―I cringed when I saw the African dictators, like Mugabe and Taylor, ruining their countries. And the fact that they supposedly came to power democr... ...who procrastinated. We put off studying for tests or writing research papers. Neither were as interesting as talking with friends or going to partie...

...SIC ASSUMPTION 97 THE SOURCE OF POWER IN A SOCIETY 104 FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF A SOCIETY 104 TYPE OF GOVERNMENT108 USING GOD’S LAWS FOR SOCIETY 112 SOCIAL CONCERNS—DO UNTO OTHERS 114 ECONOMIC CONCERNS WHEN ESTABLISHING YOUR IDEAL SOCIETY 115 ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY117 THE WELFARE STATE—CRADLE TO GRAVE BENEFITS 119 RETIREMENT PENSIONS 125 HEALTH CARE128 HEALTH CARE AND AGING ...

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The Federalist Papers

By: Alexander Hamilton

... that in- tolerant spirit which has, at all times, characterized political parties. For in politics, as in religion, it is equally absurd to aim at ma... ...ant passions will be let loose. T o judge from the conduct of the opposite parties, we shall be led to conclude that they will mutually hope to evince... ...om and pru- dence will not be diminished by the passions which actuate the parties immediately interested. But not only fewer just causes of war will ... ... the sword, would chastise such atrocious breaches of moral obligation and social justice. The probability of incompatible alliances between the dif- ... ...of territory which may be brought within the compass of republican than of democratic government; and it is this circumstance principally which render... ...ess perceived, as most of the popular governments of antiquity were of the democratic species; and even in modern Europe, to which we owe the great pr... ...ederal head, 90 The Federalist Papers as resulting from the nature of the social compact between the States, it must be by inference and construction... ...y 196 The Federalist Papers claimed and afforded; and as well by the most democratic, as the other cantons. A recent and well-known event among ourse... ..., are contrary to the first prin- 201 The Federalist Papers ciples of the social compact, and to every principle of sound legislation. The two former...

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Candida

By: George Bernard Shaw

...of John Ball, Marx’s Capital, and half a dozen other literary landmarks in Socialism. Opposite him on the left, near the typewriter, is the door. Furt... ...outside into strong relief. The Reverend James Mavor Morell is a Christian Socialist clergyman of the Church of England, and an active member of the G... ...ngland, and an active member of the Guild of St. Matthew and the Christian Social Union. A vigorous, genial, popular man of forty, robust and goodlook... .... Indepen- dent Labor Party, Greenwich Branch, on Thursday. Monday, Social-Democratic Federation, Mile End Branch. Thursday, first Confirmation class—... ..., I’ll introduce you to the biggest jobbers I can get to come to my dinner parties. BURGESS (who has risen with a sheepish grin and accepted the hand ...

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The Works of Edgar Allan Poe in Five Volumes Volume Four

By: Edgar Allan Poe

...er to be seen be- yond the limits of his own domain, and, in this wide and social world, was utterly companionless—unless, indeed, that un- natural, i... ...e. I remember still more distinctly, that while he was pro- nounced by all parties at first sight “the most remarkable man in the world,” no person ma... ... you know that our immortal Wiggins is not so original in his views of the Social Condition and so forth, as his contemporaries are in- clined to supp... ...t. The passengers were, consequently, in high spirits and dis- posed to be social. I must except, however, Wyatt and his sisters, who behaved stiffly,... ...y—re- joinder—confutation—and justification—followed in the col- umns of a Democratic Gazette. It was not until the opening of the vault to decide the... ... controversy, that the appearance of Mr. Windenough and myself proved both parties to have been decidedly in the wrong. I cannot conclude these detail... ... As soon, therefore, as a building-project is fairly afoot by one of these parties, we merchants secure a nice corner of the lot in contemplation, or ... ... disadvantage of having no monkey—and American streets are so muddy, and a Democratic rabble is so obstrusive, and so full of demnition mischievous li...

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Familiar Studies of Men and Books

By: Robert Louis Stevenson

... full of pathos, full of truth, full of a high eloquence. Superstition and social exigency having been thus dealt with in the first two members of the... ...d, and free from bashfulness or affectation. If he made a slip, he had the social courage to pass on and refrain from explanation. He was not embar- r... ...tances. It was, in short, an admirable ap- pearance on the stage of life – socially successful, intimately self-respecting, and like a gentleman from ... ...der the different dates. 53 Familiar Studies of Men & Books pity for both parties concerned. This was not the wife who (in his own words) could “ente... ...ular and poetical presentment; and, in so doing, catch and stereotype some democratic ideal of humanity which should be equally natural to all grades ... ...ip that it takes place on a level higher than the actual characters of the parties would seem to war- rant.” This is to put friendship on a pedestal i... ...n that it takes place on a lower level than the charac- ters of any of the parties would warrant us to expect. The society talk of even the most brill...

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The 9/11 Commission Report Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States

By: Thomas H. Kean

... attack.The job of the NMCC in such an emergency is to gather the relevant parties and establish the chain of command between the National Command Aut... ...centric and violent ideas sprouting in the fertile ground of political and social turmoil. It is the story of an organization poised to seize its hist... ...es (such as those promoted by Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser’s Arab Socialism or the Ba’ath Party of Syria and Iraq) that called for a single, ... ...ulers sought to buy off local Islamist movements by ceding control of many social and educational issues. Embold- ened rather than satisfied, the Isla... ...discos and beaches in Beirut, and in Greifswald was known to enjoy student parties and drinking beer.Although he continued to share an apartment in Gr... ...t has occurred with the full support of the Congress, both major political parties, the media, and the Amer- ican people. The nation has committed eno... ...Muslim states.A cen- tral government has been established in Kabul, with a democratic constitution, new currency, and a new army. Most Afghans enjoy g... ... communities.Y et even if his efforts are successful and elections bring a democratic government to Afghanistan, the United States faces some difficul... ...om ‘Muslimun/Muslims.’...Islamism is defined as ‘an Islamic militant, anti-democratic movement, bearing a holistic vision of Islam whose final aim is ...

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Autobiography of a Pocket-Handkerchief

By: James Fenimore Cooper

... that system of patriarchal rule which lies at the foundation of the whole social structure. Alas! in the case of the excellent Adrienne, this conseil... ... frequent that centre of civilization. The only difference is, that in the social pictures offered by what are called cities, the cancans are in the s... ...was the cote droit, and which the cote gauche. Thus completely deranged as parties, we took to discussing philosophical matters in general; an occupat... ...ich seemed barely large enough to contain so great a man’s moustaches, the parties understood each other without un- necessary phrases, and I was, at ... ...ss, nor is it any evidence of acquaintance with the intricate machinery of social greatness and a lofty civilization. These gradations in attain- ment... ...s to an- other, though no one could presume to communicate the fact to the parties most interested. In a commercial town, like New Y ork, the failure ... ... great influence in New Y ork, doubtless by way of expiation for the rigid democratical notions that so universally pervade its soci- ety. And here I ... ...ical conversions to answer for. It is such a thor- ough development of the democratic principle, that the faith of few believers is found strong enoug... ...e of a room filled with company, and every thing will present a vulgar and democratic appearance; or, vice versa, you shall occupy a place among the o...

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The Marble Faun : Or, The Romance of Monte Beni, Illustrated with Photogravures

By: Nathaniel Hawthorne

... no impression of incompleteness, of maimed or stinted nature. And yet, in social intercourse, these familiar friends of his habitually and instinctiv... ...ts forbid!” answered the guide. “But it is well known that he watches near parties that come into the catacomb, especially if they be heretics, hoping... ..., in spite of all these professional grudges, art- ists are conscious of a social warmth from each other’s pres- ence and contiguity. They shiver at t... ...y of the Palace of the Caesars on the other, there arose singing voices of parties that were stroll- ing through the moonlight. Thus, the air was full... ...emperor is enough to create an eva- nescent sentiment of loyalty even in a democratic bosom, so august does he look, so fit to rule, so worthy of man’...

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The Egoist : A Comedy in Narrative

By: George Meredith

...NLY IS OF ANY IMPORTANCE COMEDY is a game played to throw reflections upon social life, and it deals with human nature in the drawing-room of civilize... ...s and types under the broad Alpine survey of the spirit born of our united social intelli- gence, which is the Comic Spirit? Wise men say the latter. ... ...ly. They dare not be chuckling while Egoism is valiant, while sober, while socially valuable, nationally serviceable. They wait. Aforetime a grand old... ...ities of the United States of America. He would give them a sketch of “our democratic cousins”, he said. Such cousins! They might all have been in the... ...nor and Isabel to bring Laetitia Dale on a visit to the Hall, where dinner-parties were soon to be given and a pleasing talker would be wanted, where ... ...for a variation of a man; con- cluding that he must have a round of dinner-parties to friends, especially ladies, appreciating him, during the Doctor’... ...dleton’s pathetic exit in captivity sufficed to tell Colonel De Craye that parties divided the house. At first he thought how deplorable it would be t...

...Excerpt: A chapter of which the last page only is of any importance comedy is a game played to throw reflections upon social life, and it deals with human nature in the drawing-room of civilized men and women, where we have no dust of the struggling outer world, no mire, no violent crashes, to make the correctness of the representation convi...

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North America Volume Two

By: Anthony Trollope

...ood sense to be guided in civil matters by men who had studied the laws of social life and the theories of free government. He was justus et tenax pro... ...eir Northern brethren. They and their fami- lies had been more addicted to social pleasures. They are the descendants of the old English Cavaliers, wh... ... indeed there was such a shout of triumph that no ministry in a country so democratic could have ventured to go at once against it, and to do so witho... ... to their work with the exercise of all their energies. They organized the Democratic party so 58 North America V ol. 2 as to include the leaders amo... ...obably be given mainly to Madison and Hamilton, Madison finding the French democratic element, and Hamilton the English conserva- tive element—this qu... ...glish money. Russia and England are not more unlike in their political and social feelings than are the real slave States and the real free-soil State... ...reed, no such radical difference as to the essential rules of life between parties in our country. We have no such cause for personal rancor in our Pa... ... existed for some years past in both Houses of Congress. These two extreme parties were the slaveowners of the South and the aboli- tionists of the No... ...ed, and with their numbers their power and their violence. In this way two parties have been formed who could not look on each other without hatred. A...

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On Liberty

By: John Stuart Mill

... opposed to the mis named doctrine of Philosophical Necessity; but Civil, or Social Liberty: the nature and limits of the power which can be legitimat... ...tbreak against monarchi cal and aristocratic despotism. In time, however, a democratic republic came to occupy a large portion of the earth’s surface... ... mandates at all in things with which it ought not to meddle, it practises a social tyranny more formi dable than many kinds of political oppression,... ...limit—how to make the fitting adjustment between individual independence and social control—is a subject on which nearly every On Liberty — Mill 7 ... ... his being aware that other ages, coun tries, sects, churches, classes, and parties have thought, and even now think, the exact reverse. He devolves ... ...oned. There is confessedly a strong tendency in the mod ern world towards a democratic constitution of so ciety, accompanied or not by popular polit... ...ey describe is not only a conceivable and possible, but a probable result of democratic feel ing, combined with the notion that the public has a righ... ...t only persons are not held to engagements which violate the rights of third parties, but it is sometimes considered a suffi cient reason for releasi... ... peculiarity that its objects are frustrated unless the feelings of both the parties are in harmony with it, should require nothing more than the decl...

... of this essay is not the so-called Liberty of the Will, so unfortunately opposed to the mis-named doctrine of Philosophical Necessity; but Civil, or Social Liberty: the nature and limits of the power which can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual. A question seldom stated, and hardly ever discussed, in general terms, but which profoundly influences the...

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Getting Married and Preface to Getting Married

By: George Bernard Shaw

...ar, they insist on first arriv- ing at an explicit understanding that both parties are to be perfectly free to sip every flower and change every hour,... ...re nobody knows; for in spite of the powerful protection af- forded to the parties by the law of libel, and the readiness of society on various other ... ...ctable man it can have only one meaning. The pious citizen, suspecting the Socialist (for example) of unmentionable things, and asking 5 Getting Marr... ...t highly civilized countries in the world, a marriage is dissolved if both parties wish it, without any question of conduct. That is what marriage mea... ...nogamy, chastity, temperance, respectability, morality, Christianity, anti-socialism, and a dozen other things that have no necessary connection with ... ...s are reinforced by human sacrifices, it has been reduced to a private and socially inoperative eccen- tricity by the introduction of civil marriage a... ...here is some question of sexual morals to be dealt with. The business of a democratic statesman is not, as some of us seem to think, to convince the v... ...he pendulum” at the next election. Therein lies the peril and the glory of democratic statesmanship. A states- man who confines himself to popular leg... ...ds if the price is refused, and even to feel relieved at their escape. Our democratic and matrimonial institutions may have their merits: at all event...

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Memories and Portraits

By: Robert Louis Stevenson

... gen- erous ardour, the better part of the man too often withheld from the social commerce, and the contact of mind with mind evaded as with terror. A... ...n geniality . Thus, 12 Robert Louis Stevenson at least, we have a healthy democratic atmosphere to breathe in while at work; even when there is no co... ...shipped in another church, held dif- ferent morals, and obeyed a different social constitution from his fellow-countrymen either of the south or north... ...house where I spent my youth was not yet thought upon; but we made holiday parties among the cornfields on its site, and ate strawberries and cream ne... ...leasures bear discussion for their own sake, but only those which are most social or most radically human; and even these can only be discussed among ... ...and strength among themselves effectually prevents the appear- ance of the democratic notion. Or we might more exactly compare their society to the cu...

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The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin with Introduction and Notes Edited

By: Charles W. Eliot

... difficulty occurred, and frequently chosen an arbitrator between contending parties. At his table he liked to have, as often as he could, some sensib... ...rs of the world, the wars, revolutions, etc., are carried on and affected by parties. “That the view of these parties is their present general interes... ..., or what they take to be such. “That the different views of these different parties occa sion all confusion. “That while a party is carrying on a ge... ... to be brought to every fire; and we agreed to meet once a month and spend a social evening together, in discoursing and communicating The Autobiograp... ...much prerogative in it, and in England it was judg’d to have too much of the democratic. The Board of Trade therefore did not approve of it, nor recom...

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