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Mikhail Kravchuk

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Title: Mikhail Kravchuk  
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Subject: Kravchuk polynomials, Arkhip Lyulka, Atanasoff–Berry computer, List of Russian scientists
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Mikhail Kravchuk

Mikhailo Pylypovych Kravchuk
Born (1892-09-27)September 27, 1892
Chovnitsy, Volyn Governorate (present-day Ukraine)
Died March 9, 1942(1942-03-09) (aged 49)
Kolyma, Soviet Union
Nationality Ukrainian
Fields Mathematician
Institutions Kiev Polytechnic Institute
Alma mater University of Kiev
Doctoral advisor Dmitry Grave
Doctoral students Sergey Korolev
Vladimir Chelomei
Known for Kravchuk polynomials,
Kravchuk matrix

Mykhailo Pylypovych Kravchuk, also Krawtchouk (Ukrainian: Миха́йло Пили́пович Кравчу́к) (September 27, 1892 – March 9, 1942), was a Soviet Ukrainian mathematician who, despite his early death, was the author of around 180 articles on mathematics.

He primarily wrote papers on differential equations and integral equations, studying both their theory and applications. His two-volume monograph on the solution of linear differential and integral equations by the method of moments was translated c. 1938–1942 by John Vincent Atanasoff who found this work useful in his computer-project (Atanasoff–Berry Computer).

Kravchuk held a mathematics chair at the Kiev Polytechnic Institute. His course listeners included Sergey Korolev, Arkhip Lyulka, and Vladimir Chelomei, future leading rocket and jet engine designers. Kravchuk was arrested by the Soviet secret police on February 23, 1938 on political and spying charges. He was sentenced to 20 years of prison in September 1938. Kravchuk died in a Gulag camp in the Kolyma region on March 9, 1942. In September 1956 Kravchuk was posthumously acquitted of all charges.

He was restored as a member of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in 1992. He is the eponym of the Kravchuk polynomials and Kravchuk matrix.

External links

  • Mikhail Kravchuk at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  • MacTutor biography
  • Biography page(this uses the transliteration Mikhail Krawtchouk, which is phonetic for Francophones, and under which he published work)
  • Ukrainian biographical website
  • Krawtchouk Polynomials Home Page
  • I. Katchanovski, Krawtchouk's Mind Biographical article
  • Video about Mykhailo Pylypovych Kravchuk
  • S. Hrabovsy, Mykhailo Kravchuk, a mathematician, patriot and precursor of computers, Welcome to Ukraine, 4, 2003
  • N. Virchenko, Life and death of Mykhailo Kravchuk, a brilliant mathematician, Welcome to Ukraine, 2, 2008
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