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Galician Nationalist Bloc

Galician Nationalist Bloc
Bloque Nacionalista Galego
Spokesperson Xavier Vence
Founded 1982 (1982)
Merger of Galician People's Union
Galician National-Popular Assembly
Galician Socialist Party
Independents
Headquarters Santiago de Compostela
Newspaper Benegá ao día
Student wing Galician Student League and Comités
Youth wing Galiza Nova and Isca!
Ideology Galician nationalism
Socialism
Left-wing nationalism
Galician independence[1][2][3][3][4][5][6][7]
Feminism[8][9][10][11]
Pacifism[11]
[12][13][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20]
Political position Left-wing[21]
European affiliation European Free Alliance
European Parliament group The Greens–European Free Alliance
Trade union affiliation Confederación Intersindical Galega (CIG)
Colors      Sky blue
     White
     Red
Congress of Deputies
2 / 350
Spanish Senate
2 / 264
European Parliament
1 / 54
Galician Parliament
7 / 75
Mayors in Galicia
30 / 314
Town Councillors in Galicia
468 / 3,766
Website
.galbng
Politics of Galicia
Political parties

The Galician Nationalist Bloc (Galician: Bloque Nacionalista Galego, BNG ) is a political coalition of left-wing Galician nationalist parties. It is self-defined as a "patriotic front".

Formed in 1982, under the guidance of historical leader Xosé Manuel Beiras, the BNG calls for further devolution of powers to the Parliament of Galicia and the official and unambiguous[22] recognition of Galicia as a nation. The BNG also promotes affirmative action for the Galician language. The current leader – president of the National Council and national spokesperson – is Xavier Vence.

The BNG has strong ties with the Confederación Intersindical Galega (Galician Trade Union Confederation, CIG), with the student unions Liga Estudantil Galega (Galician Student League)[23] and Comités (Committees),[24] the agrarian unions Sindicato Labrego Galego (Galician Peasant Union, SLG) and FRUGA, and with environmentalist, feminist and Galician language organizations.

From 2005 to 2009, BNG was part of a coalition government along with the Socialist Party of Galicia, in which its leader, Anxo Quintana, served as the vice-president of the Galician regional government.

Contents

  • Ideology 1
  • 2012 Split 2
  • Electoral evolution 3
    • Elections to the Galician Parliament 3.1
    • Elections to the Spanish Parliament 3.2
    • Elections to the European Parliament 3.3
    • Local elections 3.4
  • Internal organization 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7
  • See also 8

Ideology

The BNG is composed of a majority of

See also

  • BNG website
  • UPG website
  • Galiza Nova, youth section of the BNG
  • Movemento Galego ao Socialismo
  • Isca! website (youth of the MGS)
  • "Quin TV", multimedia portal of BNG's ex-president Anxo Quintana
  • "TeleBNG", BNG's channel in YouTube

External links

  • Barreiro, H. et al. (2002): "A Galicia política e o nacionalismo do BNG", in Tempos Novos, no. 59, p. 24–33
  • Beramendi, J.G. (2003): "Fin de ciclo no BNG? : Beiras desafía a hexemonía da UPG", in Tempos novos, p. 48–50
  • BNG (2004): Documento de bases para a elaboración dun novo Estatuto para Galiza
  • Fernández Baz, M.A. (2003): A formación do nacionalismo galego contemporáneo (1963–1984), Laiovento
  • Rodríguez, F. (1999): "Fundación da UPG na frente nacionalista BNG", in Terra e tempo, no. 12, p. 43–45

References

  1. ^ http://www.farodevigo.es/galicia/2013/03/18/vence-fija-independencia-meta-bng-propone-vias-cooperacion-beiras/775837.html
  2. ^ http://www.lavozdegalicia.es/noticia/galicia/2013/06/05/bng-alia-erc-amaiur-independencia/0003_201306G5P5993.htm?idioma=galego
  3. ^ a b http://www.galiciaconfidencial.com/nova/21244.html
  4. ^ http://www.crtvg.es/crtvg/canles-tematicas/de-actualidade/o-bng-manifestase-pola-independencia-e-a-republica
  5. ^ http://ccaa.elpais.com/ccaa/2013/03/17/galicia/1363552624_430228.html
  6. ^ http://praza.gal/politica/6955/o-bng-apela-a-republica-galega-fronte-a-unha-monarquia-de-parasitos-sociais/
  7. ^ http://bng.gal/blog/2013/04/12/republica-galega-soberana-e-democratica-fronte-a-monarquia-caduca/
  8. ^ http://www.elcorreogallego.es/galicia/ecg/feministas-cig-bng-denuncian-protesta-ataudes-pp-no-actua-violencia-machista/idEdicion-2014-09-09/idNoticia-888795/
  9. ^ http://www.lavozdegalicia.es/ourense/2010/11/27/0003_8874385.htm
  10. ^ http://www.laregion.es/articulo/galicia/bng-defendera-vision-feminista-realidad-cambiar-cosas/20130221125653236251.html
  11. ^ a b Principals of the BNG.
  12. ^ a b http://www.galizasempre.org/fundacion/novas/union-europea-non-solucion-problema-hai-alternativa-ao-espolio-galiza
  13. ^ a b http://www.20minutos.es/noticia/2210413/0/bng-ve-nueva-agresion-union-europea-galicia-negar-dique-flotante-para-ferrol/
  14. ^ http://praza.gal/politica/4946/o-bng-pidelle-contas-a-comision-europea-pola-bochornosa-retencion-de-morales/
  15. ^ http://galicia24horas.es/2014/03/el-bng-afirma-en-un-foro-de-bildu-que-la-union-europea-ya-no-es-transformable/
  16. ^ http://www.iscagz.org/nin-espana-nin-a-ue-os-pobos-deciden/
  17. ^ Xavier Vence Deza, Crise e fracaso da Unión Europea neoliberal. Unha alternativa soberanista e democrática, Galiza Sempre, 2013.
  18. ^ Several authors (all militants or close to the BNG), A UE como problema. Reflexións desde Galiza, BNG, 2013.
  19. ^ http://www.sermosgaliza.gal/articulo/politica/europa-parte-do-problema-non-da-solucion-lema-do-bng-europeas/20140405134722026048.html
  20. ^ http://bng.gal/blog/2014/01/17/a-union-europea-non-e-solucion-e-o-problema/
  21. ^ Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko; Matti Mälkiä (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). pp. 394–.  
  22. ^ In reference to the fact that the Statute of Autonomy of Galicia of 1981 states that Galicia is a "historical nationality", rather than simply a nation.
  23. ^ http://www.galiciahoxe.com/vivir-hoxe-aulas/gh/liga-estudiantil-galega-presentase-alternativa-ao-lobby-da-upg/idEdicion-2011-04-01/idNoticia-654894/
  24. ^ http://www.comitesabertos.org/os-comites-na-xiii-asemblea-nacional-do-bng/
  25. ^ Press release, commenting on Quintana's rejection of the secessionist option
  26. ^ http://www.iscagz.org/fortalecer-o-bng-desde-o-soberanismo-e-a-esquerda/
  27. ^ Picture: members of Movemento pola Base displaying a banner with the motto "Independence and Socialism"
  28. ^ [2]
  29. ^ http://www.uniondopovogalego.org/?p=1214| Point 3: National sovereignty
  30. ^ http://www.elpais.com/articulo/Galicia/BNG/Republica/Galiza/avanzar/autogobierno/elpepuespgal/20111217elpgal_8/Tes
  31. ^ http://www.bng-galiza.org/wp-content/uploads/Documentos-XIII-AN-BNG.pdf| Sovereignty should materialize through the exercise of self-determination, to create a galician democratic, secular and republican state: the Republic of Galiza
  32. ^ http://www.bng-galiza.org/wp-content/uploads/Documentos-XIII-AN-BNG.pdf| Point 1
  33. ^ http://www.galiciaconfidencial.com/nova/9573.html
  34. ^ http://praza.com/politica/130/noriega-son-pesimista-da-razon-e-optimista-da-vontade/
  35. ^ http://www.20minutos.es/noticia/1306522/0/
  36. ^ http://galiciaconfidencial.com/nova/10976.html
  37. ^ http://praza.com/politica/1560/beiras-lanza-anova-a-procura-de-alianzas-e-da-independencia/
  38. ^ http://ccaa.elpais.com/ccaa/2012/07/14/galicia/1342298880_547208.html
  39. ^ http://www.galiciaconfidencial.com/nova/13013.html
  40. ^ http://anova-galiza.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=48&Itemid=58
  41. ^ http://compromisoxgalicia.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/documento-POL%C3%8DTICO-IDEOL%C3%93XICO-e-ESTRAT%C3%89XICO.pdf
  42. ^ Official site of the Office of the Vice President of Galicia
  43. ^ Results of the 2009 Galician elections
  44. ^ http://www.20minutos.es/noticia/1505467/0/
  45. ^ http://praza.com/xornal/uploads/arquivos/arquivo/4fc72bad289da-manifestoabrente.pdf
  46. ^ http://mgs-galiza.org/?page_id=2| Galician Movement for Socialism: Principles and goals
  47. ^ Compromiso por Galicia llega a Ourense con Táboas y Cuiña. La Región. 2012.

Notes

Historical parties and currents:

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Galicia

Joint affiliation with other political groups outside the BNG is not allowed. The political groups currently recognised by the BNG (via a lengthy ratification process) are:

BNG regulates itself through local, regional and national assemblies in which members can vote for and be elected as regional delegates and thereafter members of the National Council. However, the internal functioning of the party has come into criticism in recent years. As a result, several new organizations calling for "transparency and internal democracy" have formed within the BNG, namely the Encontro Irmandinho (led by former BNG president Xosé Manuel Beiras), Movemento Pola Base (formed by grassroots members and backed by the youth section Galiza Nova), and A Alternativa (supported by former MEP Camilo Nogueira). Furthermore, Anxo Quintana's leadership has been called into question after the poor results of the Galician 2009 elections.

Anxo Quintana speaking at the 2006 National Assembly

Internal organization

Year Votes (in thousands) Percentage Councillors
1983 49 0
1987 61 4.53 139
1991 107 7.71 241
1995 208 13.15 428
1999 290 18.54 586
2003 325 19.41 595
2007 315 19.15 661
2011 262 16.52 590
2015 190 12.9 468

Local elections

  • The 2004 candidature was a joint candidature with Catalan and Basque parties, hence the disparity between number of votes and number of seats achieved. Those 2 MEP, were members of the Basque Nationalist Party and of Convergencia i Unió (Catalan nationalist). Neither of them are members of the BNG.
  • The 2009 candidature was a joint candidature with ERC, Aralar and other parties. The only MEP is rotative.
Year Votes (in thousands) Percentage Deputies
1987 45 3.7 0
1989 38 4.17 0
1994 32 11.4 0
1999 335 21.98 1
2004 (*) 141 12.32 2
2009 (*) 102 9.40 1

Elections to the European Parliament

Year Votes (in thousands) Percentage Deputies
1986 27 2.11 0
1989 47 3.59 0
1993 126 8.01 0
1996 220 12.85 2
2000 306 18.62 3
2004 208 11.37 2
2008 212 12.07 2
2011 183 11.25 2

Elections to the Spanish Parliament

Year Votes (in thousands) Percentage Deputies
1985 52 1
1989 105 8 5
1993 269 18.3 13
1997 395 24.8 18
2001 346 22.4 17
2005 311 18.8 13
2009 268 17 12
2012 145 10 7

Elections to the Galician Parliament

The party also has a designated seat at the Spanish Senate, out of the three allowed for Galician representatives.

BNG lost its single Member of the European Parliament, Camilo Nogueira, in the 2004 European Parliament election. However, BNG's interests are still represented thanks to an alliance established with the Basque Nationalist Party and the Catalan Convergence and Union. BNG maintains regular contact with its European group, the European Greens–European Free Alliance, through a permanent representative in the chamber.

Meanwhile, the BNG won 208,688 votes (11.37 per cent of the Galician vote, 0.8 of the Spanish total) in the 2004 Spanish general election, gaining two of the 350 seats in the Spanish Parliament. Results in the 2008 Spanish general election were slightly improved (+0.7 in Galicia), although resulting in the same number of seats. Results in local elections have traditionally been good, with a constant increase in the number of seats won, allowing BNG to govern or to, at least, take part in the government coalitions of most Galician large urban centres.

After the 2001 Galician elections, the BNG still was the second-largest political group in the Galician Parliament with 17 seats, slightly ahead of the Socialist Party of Galicia (PSdG) in total votes. Yet it was not until 2005 that BNG could force a coalition government, despite losing four seats and slipping to the third place. The BNG vice-president Anxo Quintana became then the vice-president of Galicia,[42] and BNG could directly appoint a number of conselleiros (ministers) for some government departments. Prior to that, the other major Galician party, the conservative People's Party (PPdeG), had remained in control of the overall majority and therefore of the Galician government. In the 2009 elections, a sharp reduction in votes for the PSdG, together with poor results for the BNG (12 seats), forced the left-wing coalition out of government to the benefit of the PPdeG.[43]

BNG began its electoral history in a quite modest way. However, it quickly progressed from a single seat in the Galician Parliament to its best results in 1997 when, under the leadership of Xosé Manuel Beiras, it won almost 25 per cent of the total vote and 18 seats (out of 75) at the Parliament.

Electoral evolution

. 2012 Galician election No CxG deputies were elected at the [41] In 2012 several parties and individuals abandoned the front, dissatisfied with its political line and the control exercised by the

2012 Split

Generally speaking, the BNG can be considered a nationalist, pro-independence, left-wing and pro-Europe of the peoples organization.

[32].European Union The same year, the Bloc adopted a position critical of the [31][30] Since the National Assembly of Amio (2012), the whole front has adopted the idea of independence and the creation of a Galician republic.[29][28] In fact, the hegemonic party (UPG) has supported independence since 2011.[27][26]

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