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List of dinosaur genera

 

List of dinosaur genera

Mounted skeletons of Tyrannosaurus (left) and Apatosaurus (right) at the AMNH.

This list of dinosaurs is a comprehensive listing of all genera that have ever been included in the superorder Dinosauria, excluding class Aves (birds, both living and those known only from fossils) and purely vernacular terms. The list includes all commonly accepted genera, but also genera that are now considered invalid, doubtful (nomen dubium), or were not formally published (nomen nudum), as well as junior synonyms of more established names, and genera that are no longer considered dinosaurs. Many listed names have been reclassified as everything from birds to crocodilians to petrified wood. The list contains 1449 names, of which approximately 1117 are considered either valid dinosaur genera or nomina dubia.

Scope and terminology

There is no official, canonical list of dinosaur genera. The closest is the Dinosaur Genera List, compiled by International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Technical terms used include:

  • Junior synonym: A name which describes the same taxon as a previously published name. If two or more genera are formally designated and the type specimens are later assigned to the same genus, the first to be published (in chronological order) is the senior synonym, and all other instances are junior synonyms. Senior synonyms are generally used, except by special decision of the ICZN (see Tyrannosaurus), but junior synonyms cannot be used again, even if deprecated. Junior synonymy is often subjective, unless the genera described were both based on the same type specimen.
  • Nomen nudum (Latin for "naked name"): A name that has appeared in print but has not yet been formally published by the standards of the ICZN. Nomina nuda (the plural form) are invalid, and are therefore not italicized as a proper generic name would be. If the name is later formally published, that name is no longer a nomen nudum and will be italicized on this list. Often, the formally published name will differ from any nomina nuda that describe the same specimen.
  • Preoccupied name: A name that is formally published, but which has already been used for another taxon. This second use is invalid (as are all subsequent uses) and the name must be replaced. Preoccupied names are not valid generic names.
  • Nomen dubium (Latin for "dubious name"): A name describing a fossil with no unique diagnostic features. As this can be an extremely subjective and controversial designation (see Hadrosaurus), this term is not used on this list.

A

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Abelisaurus skull.
Replica of an Allosaurus skeleton.
Reconstructed skeleton of an Animantarx.
Artist's restoration of Archaeoceratops.

B

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
A view from below of the rearing Barosaurus mounted in the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.

C

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Artist's restoration of Ceratosaurus.
Artist's restoration of Chasmosaurus.

D

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Artist's restoration of Deinocheirus.
Deinonychus skeleton.

E

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Life restoration of Euoplocephalus.

F

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Life restoration of Fruitadens.

G

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Skeleton of Giraffatitan.

H

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Artist's restoration of Hypsilophodon.

I

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Skeleton of an Iguanodon mounted in a modern quadrupedal posture in the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences in Brussels.

J

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Life restoration of Jinfengopteryx.

K

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Kentrosaurus skeleton.

L

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Life reconstruction of two individuals of Linhenykus in their arid Campanian-aged living environment.

M

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Sketch of the sauropod Mamenchisaurus.
Cast of a Muttaburrasaurus skeleton.

N

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Life restoration of Nomingia.

O

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Artist's restoration of Olorotitan.

P

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Life restoration of Pachycephalosaurus.
Parasaurolophus sketch.

Q

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Skeletal reconstruction of Qantassaurus at the Australian Museum in Sydney.

R

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Life restoration of Rebbachisaurus.

S

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Artist's restoration of Segnosaurus.
Life restoration of Stegosaurus.
Skeleton of Suchomimus.

T

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also

U

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Illustration of the skull of Udanoceratops.

V

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Life restoration of Velociraptor.

W

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Artist's restoration of Wintonotitan.

X

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Artist's restoration of Xuwulong.

Y

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Artist's restoration of Yunnanosaurus.

Z

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z – See also
Life restoration of Zuniceratops.

See also

Notes

  • Uncited genera names can be attributed to Olshevsky's "Dinosaur Genera List". Dalianraptor is listed by Olshevsky, but omitted from this list, since it has not been described as a non-avian dinosaur in a published source.
  1. ^ Nesbitt, S.J.; Clarke, J.A.; Turner, A.H.; Norell, M.A. (2011). "A small alvarezsaurid from the eastern Gobi Desert offers insight into evolutionary patterns in the Alvarezsauroidea". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 31 (1): 144–153.  
  2. ^ Taylor, M. (12 February 2005). Re: Raptor Red and Heyday Of The Giants. Dinosaur Mailing List.
  3. ^ Williams, T. (13 February 2005). Re: Raptor Red and Heyday Of The Giants. Dinosaur Mailing List.
  4. ^ Tortosa, Thierry; Eric Buffetaut; Nicolas Vialle; Yves Dutour; Eric Turini; Gilles Cheylan (2013). "A new abelisaurid dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of southern France: Palaeobiogeographical implications". Annales de Paléontologie (In press).  
  5. ^  
  6. ^ a b c Gregory S. Paul (2012). "Notes on the rising diversity of iguanodont taxa, and iguanodonts named after Darwin, Huxley and evolutionary science". Actas de V Jornadas Internacionales sobre Paleontologia de Dinosaurios y su Entorno, Salas de los Infantes, Burgos. Colectivo de Arqueologico-Paleontologico de Salas de los Infantes (Burgos). pp. 121–131. 
  7. ^ J. I. Ruiz-Omeñaca (2011) Delapparentia turolensis nov. gen et sp., un nuevo dinosaurio iguanodontoideo (Ornithischia: Ornithopoda) en el Cretácico Inferior de Galve. Estudios Geológicos (advance online publication) doi:10.3989/egeol.40276.124[2]
  8. ^ Jin Liyong, Chen Jun and Pascal Godefroit (2012). "A New Basal Ornithomimosaur (Dinosauria: Theropoda) from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation, Northeast China". In Godefroit, P. (eds). Bernissart Dinosaurs and Early Cretaceous Terrestrial Ecosystems. Indiana University Press. pp. 467–487. 
  9. ^ Cecilia Apaldetti, Ricardo N. Martinez, Oscar A. Alcober and Diego Pol (2011). "A New Basal Sauropodomorph (Dinosauria: Saurischia) from Quebrada del Barro Formation (Marayes-El Carrizal Basin), Northwestern Argentina". PLoS ONE 6 (11): e26964.  
  10. ^ Prieto-Márquez, A.; Chiappe, L. M.; Joshi, S. H. (2012). Dodson, Peter, ed. from the Late Cretaceous of Baja California, Northwestern Mexico"Magnapaulia laticaudus"The lambeosaurine dinosaur . PLoS ONE 7 (6): e38207.  
  11. ^ Henderson (2005). "Nano No More: The death of the pygmy tyrant." In: "The origin, systematics, and paleobiology of Tyrannosauridae", a symposium hosted jointly by Burpee Museum of Natural History and Northern Illinois University.
  12. ^ a b Andrew T. McDonald (2011). (Dinosauria: Ornithopoda)"Camptosaurus"The taxonomy of species assigned to (PDF). Zootaxa 2783: 52–68. 
  13. ^ Paul M. Barrett and Xu Xing (2012). Young, 1951 from the Lower Lufeng Formation (Lower Jurassic) of Yunnan, China"Pachysuchus imperfectus"The enigmatic reptile (PDF). Vertebrata PalAsiatica 50 (2): 151–159. 
  14. ^ Cabreira, Sergio F.; Cesar L. Schultz; Jonathas S. Bittencourt; Marina B. Soares; Daniel C. Fortier; Lúcio R. Silva; Max C. Langer (2011). "New stem-sauropodomorph (Dinosauria, Saurischia) from the Triassic of Brazil". Naturwissenschaften 98 (12): 1035–40.  
  15. ^ Leonardo S. Filippi, José Ignacio Canudo, Leonardo J. Salgado, Alberto C. Garrido, Rodolfo A. Garcia, Ignacio A. Cerda and Alejandro Otero (in press). "A new sauropod titanosaur from the Plottier Formation (Upper Cretaceous) of Patagonia (Argentina)" (PDF). Geologica Acta 9 (1): 1–23.  
  16. ^ Tweet, J (n.d.). "Eusauropoda". Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  17. ^ Olshevsky, G. (February 9, 2001). Sauropodus. Dinosaur Mailing List.
  18. ^ Rauhut, O. W. M.; Foth, C.; Tischlinger, H.; Norell, M. A. (2012). "Exceptionally preserved juvenile megalosauroid theropod dinosaur with filamentous integument from the Late Jurassic of Germany". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (29): 11746–11751.  
  19. ^ Chiappe, Luis M.; Dyke, Gareth J. (2006). "The Early Evolutionary History of Birds". Journal of the Paleontological Society of Korea 22 (1): 133–151. 
  20. ^ Hussam Zaher, Diego Pol, Alberto B. Carvalho, Paulo M. Nascimento, Claudio Riccomini, Peter Larson, Rubén Juarez-Valieri, Ricardo Pires-Domingues, Nelson Jorge da Silva Jr., Diógenes de Almeida Campos (2011). Sereno, Paul, ed. "A Complete Skull of an Early Cretaceous Sauropod and the Evolution of Advanced Titanosaurians". PLoS ONE 6 (2): e16663.  
  21. ^ "Japanese theropod nomen nudum extravaganza" Dinosaur Mailing List.
  22. ^ Rubén D. Juárez Valieri, José A. Haro, Lucas E. Fiorelli and Jorge O. Calvo (2010). "A new hadrosauroid (Dinosauria: Ornithopoda) from the Allen Formation (Late Cretaceous) of Patagonia, Argentina" (PDF). Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales n.s. 11 (2): 217–231. 
  23. ^ You Hailu, Li Daqing and Liu Weichang (2011). "A New Hadrosauriform Dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous of Gansu Province, China". Acta Geologica Sinica 85 (1): 51–57.  
  24. ^ Sankar Chatterjee, Wang, T., Pan, S.G., Dong, Z., Wu, X.C., and Paul Upchurch (2010). "A complete skeleton of a basal Sauropod Dinosaur from the early Jurassic of China and the origin of Sauropoda". Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 42 (5): 26. 

References

  • Lambert, D. (1993). "A to Z of Dinosaurs" In: The Ultimate Dinosaur Book. Dorling Kindersley, 192 pp. ISBN 0-7513-0047-0
  • Olshevsky, G. (1995 onwards). Dinosaur Genera List. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
  • Walters, M. & J. Paker (1995). Dictionary of Prehistoric Life. Claremont Books. ISBN 1-85471-648-4.
  • Weishampel, D.B., P. Dodson & H. Osmólska (eds.) (2004). The Dinosauria, Second Edition. University of California Press, 861 pp. ISBN 0-520-24209-2.


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