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Ancrene Wisse and Hali Meiðhad

"Ancrene Wisse and Hali Meiðhad" is a 1929 essay[1] by J. R. R. Tolkien on the thirteenth century Middle English treatise Ancrene Wisse ("The Anchoresses' Rule") and on the tract on virginity Hali Meiðhad ("Holy Maidenhood"). The essay has been called "the most perfect of Tolkien's academic pieces".[2]

In this essay Tolkien first promulgated the AB language concept.

Tolkien and Ker later (in 1962) edited a volume of the text for the Early English Text Society.[3]


  1. ^ Tolkien, J. R. R., "Ancrene Wisse and Hali Meiðhad." Essays and Studies by Members of the English Association 14 (1929), 104-26.
  2. ^ The Road to Middle-earth, Tom Shippey
  3. ^ J. R. R. Tolkien, N. R. Ker, eds. (1962) The English Text of the Ancrene Riwle (Ancrene Wisse, Corpus Christi College Cambridge MS 402). (Early English Text Society; 249). Oxford U. P. ISBN 0-19-722249-8
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