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Reflex seizure

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Reflex seizure

Reflex seizures may occur in reflex epilepsy (also known as environmental epilepsy).[1] They may also occur in other epilepsy syndromes or independently.[1] They are seizures which are the result of sensory stimulation caused by the environment.[1] The best known is photosensitive epilepsy. Reflex epilepsy is also an uncommon form of epilepsy, and can be confirmed by EEG and photosensitive testing.

Contents

  • Classification 1
  • Treatment 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Classification

There are various types of reflex epilepsy, including:[2]

Generalised seizures, particularly myoclonic and tonic-clonic, are the most common type found in reflex epilepsy, though other types of seizures may occur.[1][2]

Treatment

The trigger needs to be identified before prescribing anti-epileptics.[2] The most commonly prescribed drugs for reflex epilepsy are valproate, carbamazepine and clonazepam, though lamotrigine, levetiracetam are promising.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Xue, LY; Ritaccio, AL (March 2006). "Reflex seizures and reflex epilepsy". American journal of electroneurodiagnostic technology 46 (1): 39–48.  
  2. ^ a b c "Reflex epilepsies". British Epilepsy Association. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "Reflex Epilepsy". NYU Langone Medical Center. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 

External links

  • Reflex Epilepsy Overview Medscape Reference
  • Precipitating Stimuli for Reflex Seizures International League Against Epilepsy
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