World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Rhizophora

Article Id: WHEBN0004372390
Reproduction Date:

Title: Rhizophora  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pichavaram, Rhizophora mangle, Burmese Coast mangroves, Sunda Shelf mangroves, Guinean mangroves
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Rhizophora

Rhizophora
Rhizophora mangle
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Rhizophoraceae
Genus: Rhizophora
L.[1]
Species

Several, see text

Synonyms

Mangium Rumph. ex Scop.[1]

Rhizophora is a genus of tropical mangrove trees, sometimes collectively called true mangroves. The most notable species is the Red Mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) but some other species and a few natural hybrids are known. Rhizophora species generally live in intertidal zones which are indundated daily by the ocean. They exhibit a number of adaptations to this environment, including stilt-roots that elevate the plants above the water and allow them to respire oxygen even while their lower roots are submerged, and a cytological molecular "pump" mechanism that allows them to remove excess salts from their cells. The generic name is derived from the Greek words ριζα (rhiza), meaning "root," and φορος (phoros), meaning "bearing," referring to the stilt-roots.[2]

The beetle pest of these trees.

The Red Mangrove is the state tree of Delta Amacuro in Venezuela; a dark brown dye can be produced from it, which is used in Tongan ngatu cloth production.

Selected species

Hybrids

Formerly placed here

See also

References

  1. ^ a b L."Rhizophora"Genus: . Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2006-05-12. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  2. ^ Austin, Daniel F. (2004). Florida Ethnobotany. CRC Press. p. 964.  
  3. ^ a b c "Rhizophora"GRIN Species Records of . Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  4. ^ "Kiribati Country Report to The Conference of Parties (COP) of The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)". Environment and Conservation Division, Ministry of Environment, Lands and Agricultural Development. p. 5. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.