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Pancratium (plant)

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Pancratium (plant)

Pancratium (plant)
Pancratium maritimum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Genus: Pancratium
Dill. ex L.
Synonyms[1]
  • Halmyra Herb.
  • Tiaranthus Herb.
  • Zouchia Raf.
  • Bollaea Parl.
  • Almyra Salisb.
  • Chapmanolirion Dinter
  • Mizonia A.Chev.

Pancratium is a genus of African and Eurasian perennial, herbaceous and bulbous plants in the Amaryllis family, subfamily Amaryllidoideae[2][3]

The flowers are large, white and fragrant. The perianth tube and the corona are present. It differs from the similar Hymenocallis in its numerous seeds with a thin black skin.[4] Plants belonging to the genus Pancratium have been found in prehistoric Cretan frescoes.[5]

The name "Pancratium" is derived from the Greek and means "all-strength", probably referring to the strength of a plant that can tolerate extreme climates. Pancratium species often inhabit extremely dry and sandy areas.[6]

Species

Many species have been published using the name Pancratium, but most have been transferred to other genera (Clinanthus Hymenocallis Ismene Proiphys Stenomesson).[1] Only a few species are cultivated. P. maritimum and P. illyricum being the hardiest for outdoor cultivation, but shy flowering in cool areas. P. zeylanicum is sometimes grown as a hothouse container plant.

As of February 2013, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepted 21 species in the genus:[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c Search for "Pancratium",
  2. ^
  3. ^ PancratiumAltervista Flora Italiana, genere
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ Hochst. ex A.Rich. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2014.1. Accessed on 2015/04/07Pancratium tenuifoliumSnijman, D.A. & Victor, J.E. 2004.

External links

  • Pancratium in West African plants – A Photo Guide.
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