World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

1993 International Formula 3000 season

Article Id: WHEBN0009065580
Reproduction Date:

Title: 1993 International Formula 3000 season  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: International Formula 3000, Vincenzo Sospiri, Yvan Muller, Max Papis, 1985 International Formula 3000 season
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

1993 International Formula 3000 season

The 1993 Formula 3000 International Championship was the ninth season of Formula 3000 in Europe. Olivier Panis won the championship after nine rounds.

Contents

  • Technical changes 1
  • Season summary 2
  • Drivers and constructors 3
  • Calendar 4
  • Final points standings 5
    • Driver 5.1
  • Complete Overview 6
  • References 7

Technical changes

1993 was the first International Formula 3000 season to feature only one make of chassis, although the rules were still open to multiple manufacturers. RALT had already ceased involvement in F3000 in 1992. After two poor seasons, Lola had no European customers after their two French teams, DAMS and Apomatox, switched to Reynards. Lolas would continue to have success in Japan, and would return to Europe in 1994.

In 1992, the manufacturers had agreed to a two-year cycle for chassis development for the first time, with the intention of reducing costs.[1] Several teams, including the previous champions Crypton, kept their Reynard 92D cars. The new 93D featured a manual sequential gearbox, as opposed to the H-pattern found on the previous car, along with aerodynamic and suspension improvements.

Cosworth introduced a new low-crank engine, the AC, to compete with the Judd KV. Several teams retained the old DFV, which would score its last major victory at Pau. For the first time since 1988, there were no Mugen Honda engines in Europe.

Season summary

Olivier Beretta joined the crack Forti Corse team for 1993, and won the opening round at Donington Park. Reigning British Formula 3 Champion Gil de Ferran then won at Silverstone. The Pau Grand Prix was marked by the usual first-lap crash at the Lyceé hairpin, followed by another on the pit straight as several drivers were unable to see the red flags. Pedro Lamy won the restarted race, giving the DFV its last major victory.

Enna produced the usual crashes, as well as a fine battle for the lead between Lamy and eventual winner David Coulthard. Frenchman Olivier Panis then won both German rounds and at Spa-Francorchamps in Belgium.

A rain shower caused havoc at Magny-Cours. Panis lost the lead due to a stuck wheel nut when he pitted for rain tires. His DAMS teammate Franck Lagorce picked up the win.

Going into the final round at Nogaro, Panis led Lamy by a single point. Coulthard also had an outside chance at the title, but he retired after only a few corners. Later on the opening lap, Panis was taken out by Vincenzo Sospiri, and had to be restrained from attacking the Italian in the pitlane. Shortly thereafter, though, Lamy came into the pits with damaged rear suspension. His team would repair it, but he lost several laps. With all three contenders eliminated in the opening laps, Panis celebrated from the pit wall as his teammate Lagorce won from the two Apomatox cars of Boullion and Collard.

Drivers and constructors

Team Chassis Engine No. Driver Rounds
Crypton Engineering Reynard 92D Ford Cosworth DFV 1 Pedro Lamy All
2 Guido Knycz 1-7
Nicolas Leboisettier 8-9
Forti Corse Reynard 93D Ford Cosworth DFV 3 Olivier Beretta All
4 Pedro Diniz All
Il Barone Rampante Reynard 93D Ford Cosworth AC 5 Eric Angelvy 1-5
6 Jan Lammers 1-6
Reynard 92D Ford Cosworth DFV 7 Vittorio Zoboli 1-4
Pacific Racing Reynard 93D Ford Cosworth AC 8 David Coulthard All
9 Michael Bartels 1-7
Phil Andrews 8-9
Apomatox Reynard 93D Ford Cosworth DFV 10 Emmanuel Collard All
11 Jean-Christophe Boullion All
DAMS Reynard 93D Ford Cosworth AC 14 Olivier Panis All
15 Franck Lagorce All
Paul Stewart Racing Reynard 93D Ford Cosworth AC 16 Paul Stewart All
17 Gil de Ferran All
Vortex Motorsport Reynard 93D Ford Cosworth AC 20 Massimiliano Papis All
21 Paolo Delle Piane All
CoBRa Motorsports Reynard 92D Ford Cosworth DFV 22 Andrea Gilardi 3-6
Apache Racing Reynard 92D Ford Cosworth DFV 22 Dominic Chappell 8-9
East Essex Racing Reynard 92D Ford Cosworth DFV 25 Mark Albon 1
Durango Reynard 92D Ford Cosworth DFV 25 Domenico Gitto 4-5
Severino Nardozzi 6-9
European Technique Reynard 92D Ford Cosworth DFV 26 Giuseppe Bugatti 3-7
Constantino de Oliveira, Jr. 8-9
27 Phil Andrews 8-9
TOM's Racing Team Reynard 93D Ford Cosworth DFV 30 Hideki Noda 1-3, 4-9
Mythos Racing Reynard 93D Judd KV 31 Giampiero Simoni All
32 Vincenzo Sospiri All
Nordic Racing Reynard 93D Ford Cosworth AC 33 Alessandro Zampedri All
Omegaland Reynard 92D Judd KV 35 Yvan Muller All
36 Jérôme Policand All
PTM 3000 Reynard 93D Ford Cosworth AC 38 Constantino de Oliveira, Jr. 1-7
Reynard 92D Judd KV 39 Phil Andrews 1
Tom Walkinshaw Racing Reynard 93D Ford Cosworth AC 39 Jordi Gené 4-9
Mönninghoff Racing Reynard 92D Ford Cosworth DFV 40 Antonio Tamburini 1-3
41 Klaus Panchyrz 1-2
Automotive Consultancy Reynard 92D Ford Cosworth DFV 42 Hilton Cowie 1-2
Enrico Bertaggia 3-9

Calendar

Round Circuit Date Laps Distance Time Speed Pole Position Fastest Lap Winner
1 Donington Park 3 May 46 4.023=185.058 km 1'03:01.35 178.15 km/h Olivier Beretta Gil de Ferran Olivier Beretta
2 Silverstone Circuit 9 May 37 5.226=193.362 km 1'00:20.32 192.25 km/h Gil de Ferran David Coulthard Gil de Ferran
3 Pau Grand Prix 30 May 72 2.78=200.16 km 1'25:55.83 138.753 km/h Pedro Lamy Olivier Panis Pedro Lamy
4 Autodromo di Pergusa 17 July 37 4.95=183.15 km 0'53:47.528 204.286 km/h Michael Bartels David Coulthard David Coulthard
5 Hockenheimring 24 July 26 6.815=177.19 km 0'51:01.607 208.349 km/h Pedro Lamy Olivier Panis Olivier Panis
6 Nürburgring 22 August 45 4.542=204.39 km 1'26:52.13 183.394 km/h Olivier Panis Pedro Lamy Olivier Panis
7 Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps 29 August 29 6.974=202.246 km 1'01:57.34 195.862 km/h Olivier Panis Pedro Lamy Olivier Panis
8 Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours 3 October 47 4.25=199.750 km 1'17:20.577 154.959 km/h Emmanuel Collard Franck Lagorce Franck Lagorce
9 Circuit Paul Armagnac 10 October 55 3.636=199.980 km 1'14:44.597 160.533 km/h Franck Lagorce Jean-Christophe Boullion Franck Lagorce

Final points standings

Driver

For every race points were awarded: 9 points to the winner, 6 for runner-up, 4 for third place, 3 for fourth place, 2 for fifth place and 1 for sixth place. No additional points were awarded.

Place Name Country Team Chassis Engine Total Points
1 Olivier Panis  France DAMS Reynard Ford Cosworth 4 1 - - 9 9 9 - - 32
2 Pedro Lamy  Portugal Crypton Engineering Reynard Ford Cosworth 6 - 9 - 6 3 3 4 - 31
3 David Coulthard  United Kingdom Pacific Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth - 6 6 9 - - 4 - - 25
4 Gil de Ferran  Brazil Paul Stewart Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth - 9 - - - 6 6 - - 21
Franck Lagorce  France DAMS Reynard Ford Cosworth - 3 - - - - - 9 9 21
6 Olivier Beretta Forti Corse Reynard Ford Cosworth 9 - 3 - 3 2 - - 3 20
7 Vincenzo Sospiri  Italy Mythos Racing Reynard Judd - - 1 6 4 1 2 2 - 16
8 Jean-Christophe Boullion  France Apomatox Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - - - - - 6 6 12
9 Paul Stewart  United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth 2 2 4 - - - 1 1 - 10
10 Massimiliano Papis  Italy Vortex Reynard Ford Cosworth 3 - 2 - - - - - 1 6
11 Michael Bartels  Germany Pacific Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth - 4 - - - - - - - 4
Jérôme Policand  France Omegaland Reynard Judd - - - 4 - - - - - 4
Alessandro Zampedri  Italy Nordic Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - - - 4 - - - 4
Emmanuel Collard  France Apomatox Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - - - - - - 4 4
15 Jan Lammers  Netherlands Il Barone Rampante Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - 3 - - - - - 3
Nicolas Leboisettier  France Crypton Engineering Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - - - - - 3 - 3
17 Enrico Bertaggia  Italy AC&E Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - 2 - - - - - 2
Paolo Delle Piane  Italy Vortex Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - - 2 - - - - 2
Andrea Gilardi  Italy CoBRa Motorsports Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - 1 1 - - - - 2
Yvan Muller  France Omegaland Reynard Judd - - - - - - - - 2 2
21 Gianpiero Simoni  Italy Mythos Racing Reynard Judd 1 - - - - - - - - 1

Complete Overview

first column of every race 10 = grid position
second column of every race 10 = race result

R10=retired, but classified NC=not classified R=retired NS=did not start NQ=did not qualify DIS(6)=disqualified after finishing in sixth place

Place Name Country Team Chassis Engine
1 Olivier Panis  France DAMS Reynard Ford Cosworth 5 3 5 6 2 R 23 R 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 R10 2 R
2 Pedro Lamy  Portugal Crypton Engineering Reynard Ford Cosworth 4 2 6 NS 1 1 4 R8 1 2 2 4 2 4 8 3 12 16
3 David Coulthard  United Kingdom Pacific Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth 13 R13 9 2 6 2 2 1 5 R 6 7 3 3 7 R 8 R
4 Gil de Ferran  Brazil Paul Stewart Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth 2 R 1 1 11 R 18 R 6 R9 3 2 4 2 4 R 10 7
Franck Lagorce  France DAMS Reynard Ford Cosworth 8 8 12 4 3 7 20 11 16 NS 15 11 12 10 6 1 1 1
6 Olivier Beretta Forti Corse Reynard Ford Cosworth 1 1 4 10 15 4 3 R 4 4 7 5 11 13 11 9 6 4
7 Vincenzo Sospiri Mythos Racing Reynard Judd 7 R 11 R 4 6 7 2 8 3 10 6 5 5 18 5 5 R
8 Jean-Christophe Boullion Apomatox Reynard Ford Cosworth 9 7 10 R 17 R 6 R 19 R 12 9 14 R 3 2 3 2
9 Paul Stewart Paul Stewart Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth 2 5 3 5 8 3 5 R 20 NS 9 R 8 6 5 6 14 R
10 Massimiliano Papis Vortex Reynard Ford Cosworth 10 4 18 R 12 5 15 R 22 R 8 15 17 R 12 R 9 6
11 Michael Bartels Pacific Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth 18 R 2 3 7 R 1 R 7 R 16 R 7 R - - - -
Jérôme Policand Omegaland Reynard Judd 23 12 7 7 18 R 11 3 21 R 20 13 10 7 24 R7 15 18
Alessandro Zampedri Nordic Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth 12 R 8 DIS(6) 27 NQ 12 R 15 R 14 3 6 R 10 R 11 10
Emmanuel Collard Apomatox Reynard Ford Cosworth 14 10 19 R 20 R 8 9 12 R 21 8 15 8 1 R 4 3
15 Jan Lammers Il Barone Rampante Reynard Ford Cosworth 15 9 15 9 10 10 22 4 9 7 4 R - - - - - -
Nicolas Leboisettier Crypton Engineering Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 20 4 17 8
17 Enrico Bertaggia ACE Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - - 23 NQ 26 5 27 NQ 26 20 24 R 21 R 23 12
Paolo Delle Piane Vortex Reynard Ford Cosworth 17 R 17 8 13 R 13 R 11 5 11 R 16 9 14 R 16 R
Andrea Gilardi CoBRa Motorsports Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - - 19 8 24 6 25 6 24 14 - - - - - -
Yvan Muller Omegaland Reynard Judd 16 R 20 R 21 R 17 R 17 R 13 R 18 11 15 R 13 5
21 Gianpiero Simoni Mythos Racing Reynard Judd 6 6 13 R 9 R 10 R 3 R 17 12 9 R 9 R 7 9
- Pedro Diniz Forti Corse Reynard Ford Cosworth 20 R 14 R 26 NQ 21 7 26 R 19 16 23 14 22 11 21 14
- Jordi Gené TWR 3000 Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - - - - 9 R 13 R8 18 10 19 12 13 R 19 R
- Constantino, Jr. PTM 3000 Reynard Ford Cosworth 24 R 16 R 24 NQ 27 NQ 14 R 22 17 20 17
European Technique Reynard Ford Cosworth 16 8 18 15
- Hideki Noda TOM's Reynard Ford Cosworth 11 R 21 11 22 9 - - 18 R 25 19 21 15 19 R 22 11
- Guido Knycz Crypton Engineering Reynard Ford Cosworth 27 NQ 26 13 28 NQ 16 10 24 R 23 18 22 16 - - - -
- Antonio Tamburini Mönnighoff Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth 19 11 24 R 16 R - - - - - - - - - - - -
- Vittorio Zoboli Il Barone Rampante Reynard Ford Cosworth 25 R 23 12 25 NQ 19 R - - - - - - - - - -
- Dominic Chappell Apache Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 23 12 24 R
- Domenico Gitto Durango Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - - - - 25 12 28 NQ - - - - - - - -
- Phil Andrews PTM 3000 Reynard Judd 26 14 - - - - - - - - - - - -
European Technique Reynard Ford Cosworth 17 R 20 13
- Severino Nardozzi Durango Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - - - - - - - - 27 NQ 25 18 25 R 25 17
- Klaus Panchyrz Mönnighoff Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth 29 NQ 25 NC - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- Giuseppe Bugatti European Technique Reynard Ford Cosworth - - - - 14 R 14 R 10 R 5 R 13 R - - - -
- Eric Angelvy Il Barone Rampante Reynard Ford Cosworth 22 R 22 R 5 R 28 NQ 23 R - - - - - - - -
- Mark Albon East Essex Racing Reynard Ford Cosworth 21 R - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- Hilton Cowie Automotive Consultancy Reynard Ford Cosworth 28 NQ 27 NQ - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

References


-- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p
  1. ^ L’annee Formule 3000 1992. Drapeau a Damier.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.