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List of Boulton Paul Defiant operators

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List of Boulton Paul Defiant operators

This is a list of the Boulton Paul Defiant operators.

Operators of the Defiant, dark blue = operator, light blue = operator in exile, yellow = training use only.

Contents

  • Operators 1
    •  Australia 1.1
    • British India 1.2
    •  Canada 1.3
    •  Poland 1.4
    •  United Kingdom 1.5
    •  United States 1.6
  • References 2
    • Notes 2.1
    • Bibliography 2.2
  • External links 3

Operators

 Australia

Royal Australian Air Force
  • No. 456 Squadron RAAF used the Defiant between its formation in June 1941 and November 1941 when it converted to Beaufighters. Squadron code letters 'PZ'.[1]

British India

Royal Indian Air Force [2]
  • No.1 Air Gunners School (India)
  • No.22 Anti Aircraft Co-Operation Unit

 Canada

Royal Canadian Air Force
  • No. 409 (Nighthawk) Squadron used the Defiant on night fighter operations between July 1941 and October 1941,[3] using the squadron code letters 'KP'.[4]
  • No. 410 (Cougar) Squadron used the Defiant as a nightfighter between June 1941 and June 1942, using the squadron code letters 'RA'.[5]

 Poland

Polish Air Forces on exile in Great Britain
  • No. 307 Polish Night Fighter Squadron "Lwowskich Puchaczy" used the Defiant between September 1940 and August 1941,[6] using the squadron code letters 'EW'. 307 was a new nightfighter Defiant squadron formed but did not become operational until December defending western Britain. One of their aircraft was serial number N1671, EW-D, and is the sole complete surviving Defiant which is on display at the RAF Museum at Hendon.

 United Kingdom

Royal Air Force
Squadron Period Operations
No. 2 Squadron RAF August - November 1940 Fighter, Squadron code KO[7]
No. 85 Squadron RAF January - February 1941 Fighter, probably Squadron code 'VY'.[7]
No. 96 Squadron RAF March 1941 - July 1942 Fighter, Squadron code 'ZJ'.[7]
No. 125 (Newfoundland) Squadron June 1941 - April 1942 Night fighter, Squadron code 'VA',[7]
No. 141 Squadron RAF April 1940 - August 1941 Fighter, Squadron code 'TW',[7]
No. 151 Squadron RAF December 1940 - July 1942 Nightfighter as radar countermeasures, Squadron code 'DZ', .[7]
No. 153 Squadron RAF October 1941 - May 1942 fighter, Squadron code 'TB', .[7]
No. 255 Squadron RAF November 1940 - September 1941 Fighter, Squadron code 'YD',[7]
No. 256 Squadron RAF November 1940 - June 1942 Fighter, Squadron code 'JT', .[7]
No. 264 Squadron RAF December 1939 - July 1942 Fighter, Squadron code 'PS', .[7]
No. 275 Squadron RAF May 1942 - June 1943 air-sea rescue, Squadron code 'PV', .[7]
No. 276 Squadron RAF May 1942 - May 1943 Air-Sea Rescue, Squadron code 'AQ',[7]
No. 277 Squadron RAF May 1942 - May 1943 Air-Sea Rescue, Squadron code 'BA', .[7]
No. 280 Squadron RAF May - December 1942 Air-Sea Rescue, Squadron code 'MY', .[7]
No. 281 Squadron RAF April 1942 - July 1943 Air-Sea Rescue, Squadron code 'FA', FA-H[7]
No. 285 Squadron RAF March 1942 - January 1944 Anti-Aircraft Co-operation, Squadron code 'VG', .[7]
No. 286 Squadron RAF April 1942 - July 1944 Anti-Aircraft Co-operation, Squadron code 'NW'.[7]
No. 287 Squadron RAF April 1942 - October 1943 Anti-Aircraft Co-operation, Squadron code 'KZ'.[7]
No. 288 Squadron RAF May 1942 - April 1943 Anti-Aircraft Co-operation, Squadron code 'RP'.[7]
No. 289 Squadron RAF May 1942 - July 1943 Anti-Aircraft Co-operation, Squadron code 'YE'.[7]
No. 515 Squadron RAF June 1942 - December 1943 Radar Counter Measures (RCM) operations.
No. 567 Squadron RAF
No. 667 Squadron RAF December 1943 - February 1945 Anti-Aircraft Co-operation, Squadron code 'U4'.[7]
No. 691 Squadron RAF December 1943 - April 1945 Anti-Aircraft Co-operation, Squadron code '5S'[7]
  • No. 1422 Flight RAF
  • No. 1479 Flight RAF
  • No. 1480 Flight RAF
  • No. 1481 Flight RAF
  • No. 1482 Flight RAF
  • No. 1483 Flight RAF
  • No. 1484 Flight RAF
  • No. 1485 Flight RAF
  • No. 1566 Flight RAF
  • No. 1592 Flight RAF
  • No. 1600 Flight RAF
  • No. 1602 Flight RAF
  • No. 1616 Flight RAF
  • No. 1622 Flight RAF
  • No. 1623 Flight RAF
  • No. 1624 Flight RAF
  • No. 1631 Flight RAF
  • No. 1692 Flight RAF used the Defiant on Radar Counter Measures (RCM) operations

 United States

United States Army Air Forces

References

Notes


-- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p
  1. ^ Halley 1988, p. 478.
  2. ^ website.Bharat Rakshak article at Boulton-Paul Defiant TT.I & TT.III
  3. ^ Halley 1988, p. 496.
  4. ^ Hall 2003, p. 14
  5. ^ Halley 1988, p. 497.
  6. ^ Halley 1988, p. 360.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Hall 2003, p. 14.
  8. ^ Ansell 2005, p. 46 and back cover.
  9. ^ Hall 2003, p. 19,25.

Bibliography

  • Ansell, Mark. Boulton Paul Defiant. Sandomierz, Poland/Redbourn, Herts, UK: Mushroom Model Publications, 2005. ISBN 83-89450-19-4.
  • Hall, Alan W. and Thomas, Andrew. Boulton Paul Defiant, (Warpaint Series No.42). Luton, Bedfordshire, UK: Warpaint Books Ltd., 2003. OCLC 64949042.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.

External links

  • website.Bharat Rakshak article at Boulton-Paul Defiant TT.I & TT.III
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