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List of neutrino experiments

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List of neutrino experiments

This is a non-exhaustive list of neutrino experiments, neutrino detectors, and neutrino telescopes.

Abbreviation Full name Sensitivity Type Induced reaction Type of reaction Detector Type of detector Threshold energy Location Operation Home page
ANNIE Accelerator Neutrino Neutron Interaction Experiment SciBooNE Hall, Illinois, USA future [1]
ANTARES Astronomy with a Neutrino Telescope and Abyss Environmental RESearch ATM, CR, AGN, PUL ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
Mediterranean Sea, France 2006– [2]
ARIANNA Antarctic Ross Ice-Shelf ANtenna Neutrino Array S, CR, AGN, ? ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica future [3]
BDUNT (NT-200+) Baikal Deep Underwater Neutrino Telescope S, ATM, LS, AGN, PUL ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
CC, NC Water (H2O) Cherenkov ~10 GeV Lake Baikal, Russia 1993– [4]
BOREXINO BORon EXperiment LS ν
e
νx + eνx + e ES LOS shielded by water Scintillation 250–665 keV Gran Sasso, Italy May 2007– [5] [6]
CLEAN Cryogenic Low-Energy Astrophysics with Neon LS, SN, WIMP ν
e
νx + eνx + e

ν
e
+ 20Neν
e
+ 20Ne

ES
ES
Liquid Ne (10 t) Scintillation future [7]
COBRA Cadmium zinc telluride 0-neutrino double-Beta Research Apparatus 64Zn + e64Ni + e+
70Zn70Ge + e + e
106Cd106Pd + e+ + e+
108Cd + e + e108Pd
114Cd114Sn + e + e
116Cd116Sn + e + e
120Te + e120Sn + e+
128Te128Xe + e + e
130Te130Xe + e + e
BB Cadmium zinc telluride Gran Sasso, Italy 2007– [8]
Daya Bay Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment R ν
e
ν
e
+ pe+ + n
CC LOS) Scintillation 1.8 MeV Daya Bay, China 2011– [9]
Double Chooz Double Chooz Reactor Neutrino Experiment R ν
e
ν
e
+ pe+ + n
CC LOS Scintillation 1.8 MeV Chooz, France 2011– [10]
EXO-200 Enriched Xenon Observatory 134Xe134Ba + e + e
136Xe136Ba + e + e
BB Liquid Xenon WIPP, New Mexico 2009– [11]
GALLEX GALLium EXperiment LS ν
e
ν
e
+ 71Ga71Ge + e
CC GaCl3 (30 t) Radiochemical 233.2 keV Gran Sasso, Italy 1991–1997 [12]
GERDA The GERmanium Detector Array BB ν
e
76Ge76As + e + e BB HPGe Semiconductor Gran Sasso, Italy [13]
GNO Gallium Neutrino Observatory LS ν
e
ν
e
+ 71Ga71Ge + e
CC GaCl3 (30 t) Radiochemical 233.2 keV Gran Sasso, Italy May 1998–Jan 2002 [14]
HALO Helium And Lead Observatory SN ν
e
, νx
ν
e
+ 208Pbe + 209Bi*

ν + 208Pbν + 208Pb*
CC, NC Lead (79 t) and 3He High-Z ~10 MeV Creighton Mine, Ontario 2012– [15]
HERON Helium Roton Observation of Neutrinos LS ν
e
(mainly)
ν
e
+ eν
e
+ e
NC Superfluid He Rotational excitation 1 MeV future [16]
HOMESTAKE–CHLORINE Homestake chlorine experiment S ν
e
37Cl + ν
e
37Ar* + e

37Ar* → 37Cl + e+ + ν
e
CC C2Cl4 (615 t) Radiochemical 814 keV Homestake Mine, South Dakota 1967–1998 [17]
HOMESTAKE–IODINE Homestake iodine experiment S ν
e
ν + eν + e
ν
e
+ 127I127Xe + e
ES
CC
NaI in water Radiochemical 789 keV Homestake Mine, South Dakota future [18]
ICARUS Imaging Cosmic And Rare Underground Signal S, ATM, GSN ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
ν + eν + e ES Liquid Ar Cherenkov 5.9 MeV Gran Sasso, Italy 2010– [19]
IceCube IceCube Neutrino Detector ATM, CR, AGN, ? ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
ν + N → ν + Cascade , ν + N → Charged lepton + Cascade CC, NC Water ice (1 km3) Cherenkov ~10 GeV South Pole, Antarctica 2006– [20]
India-based Neutrino Observatory Iron Calorimeter Detector @ India-based Neutrino Observatory ATM ν
μ
ν
μ
+Fe→μ+X
CC (dominant), NC Magnetised iron (50 kton) RPC active detector elements ~0.6 GeV Theni, Tamil Nadu, India 2012– (lab construction); 2018– (detector operation) [21]
JUNO Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory R ν
e
ν
e
+ pe+ + n
CC LOS) + PPO + Bis-MSB Scintillation Kaiping, China 2014– (construction) [22]
Kamiokande Kamioka Nucleon Decay Experiment S, ATM ν
e
ν + eν + e ES Water (H2O) Cherenkov 7.5 MeV Kamioka, Japan 1986–1995 [23]
KamLAND Kamioka Liquid Scintillator Antineutrino Detector R ν
e
ν
e
+ pe+ + n
CC LOS Scintillation 1.8 MeV Kamioka, Japan 2002– [24]
KM3NeT KM3 Neutrino Telescope S, ATM, CR, SN, AGN, PUL ν
μ
,ν
e
,ν
τ
Sea water (~5 km3) Cherenkov Mediterranean Sea [25]
LAGUNA Large Apparatus studying Grand Unification and Neutrino Astrophysics future [26]
LBNE/DUNE Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment / Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment Homestake Mine (South Dakota) future [27]
LENS Low Energy Neutrino Spectroscopy LS ν
e
ν
e
+ 115In115Sn + ν
e
+ 2γ
CC LOS Scintillation 120 keV [28] [29]
Majorana Demonstrator The Majorana Demonstrator BB ν
e
76Ga76As + e + e BB HPGe Semiconductor 2039 keV Homestake Mine, South Dakota construction start 2012 [30]
MicroBooNE AC, SN ν
e
, ν
μ
ES, NC, CC Liquid Argon TPC few MeV Illinois, USA 2014 [31]
MINERvA Main Injector ExpeRiment for v-A AC ν
μ
many CC, NC Solid scintillator, targets of Liquid helium, Carbon, Water, Iron, Lead Scintillation ~0.5 GeV Illinois, USA 2009– [32]
MiniBooNE Mini Booster Neutrino Experiment AC ν
e
, ν
μ
ν
e
+ 12Ce + X
CC Mineral oil (1000 t) Cherenkov ~100 keV Illinois, USA 2002– [33]
MINOS Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search AC, ATM ν
e
, ν
μ
ν
μ
+nucleus→μ+X
CC, NC Solid scintillator Scintillation ~0.5 GeV Illinois and Minnesota, United States 2005–2012 [34]
MINOS+ Upgraded electronics for MINOS AC, ATM ν
e
, ν
μ
,
ν
μ
+nucleus→μ+X
CC, NC Solid scintillator Scintillation ~0.5 GeV Illinois and Minnesota, United States 2013– [35]
NEMO Experiment Neutrino Ettore Majorana Observatory Fréjus Road Tunnel, Italy/France 2003– [36]
MOON Molybdenum Observatory Of Neutrinos LS, LSN ν
e
ν
e
+ 100Mo100Tc + e
CC 100Mo (kt) + MoF6 (gas) Scintillation 168 keV Washington, USA [37]
NEMO Telescope NEutrino Mediterranean Observatory Mediterranean Sea, Italy 2007– [38]
NEVOD Cherenkov water detector NEVOD ATM, CR ν
μ
ν
μ
+ nμ + p

ν
μ
+ pμ+ + n
CC Water (H2O) Cherenkov ~2 GeV Moscow, Russia 1993– [39]
NOνA NuMI Off-Axis νe Appearance AC ν
e
, ν
μ
ν
e
+nucleus→e+X
CC Liquid scintillator Scintillation ~0.1 GeV Illinois and Minnesota, United States 2011– [40]
OPERA Oscillation Project with Emulsion-tRacking Apparatus AC ν
τ
ν
τ
+nucleus→τ+X
CC Lead/Emulsion Nuclear Emulsion ~1.0 GeV LNGS (Italy) and CERN 2008– [41]
RENO Reactor Experiment for Neutrino Oscillation R ν
e
ν
e
+ pe+ + n
CC LOS Scintillation 1.8 MeV South Korea 2011–
SAGE Soviet–American Gallium Experiment LS ν
e
ν
e
+ 71Ga71Ge + e
CC GaCl3 Radiochemical 233.2 keV Baksan Valley, Russia 1990–2006 [42]
SciBooNE SciBar (Scintillator Bar) Booster Neutrino Experiment AC ν
μ
ν
μ
+ 12Cμ + X
CC, NC Plastic (CH,10 ton) Scintillation ~100 keV Illinois, USA 2007–2008 [43]
SNO Sudbury Neutrino Observatory S, ATM, GSN ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
ν
e
+ 2D → 2p + e

νx + 2Dνx + n + p
ν
e
+ eν
e
+ e
CC
NC
ES
Heavy water (kt D2O) Cherenkov 3.5 MeV Creighton Mine, Ontario 1999–2006 [44]
SNO+ SNO with liquid scintillator S,LS,R,T,

SN,LSN

ν
e
νx + eνx + e

ν
e
+ pe+ + n

ES, BB linear alkylbenzene (LAB) + PPO Scintillation ≈≤1MeV Creighton Mine, Ontario 2014– [45]
Super-K Super-Kamiokande S, ATM, GSN ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
ν
e
+ eν
e
+ e

ν
e
+ ne + p

ν
e
+ pe+ + n
ES
CC
CC
Water (H2O) Cherenkov 200 MeV Kamioka, Japan 1996– [46] [47]
T2K Tokai to Kamioka AC ν
e
, ν
μ

ν
e
, ν
μ
ν
e
+ ne + p
(+π, +X)

ν
μ
+ nμ + p
(+π, +X)
ν
e
+ pe+ + n
(+π, +X)
ν
μ
+ pμ+ + n
(+π, +X)

CC

(NC)

Water (H2O) Cherenkov
200 MeV
Tokai, Japan Kamioka, Japan 2011- [48]
UNO Underground Nucleon decay and neutrino Observatory S, ATM, GSN, RSN ν
e
, ν
μ
, ν
τ
ν
e
+ eν
e
+ e
ES Water (440 kt H2O) Cherenkov Henderson Mine, Colorado future [49]

^[a] Accelerator neutrino (AC), Active galactic nuclei neutrino (AGN), Atmospheric neutrino (ATM), Cosmic ray neutrino (CR), Low-energy solar neutrino (LS), Low-energy supernova neutrino (LSN), Pulsar neutrino (PUL), Reactor neutrino (R), Solar neutrino (S), Supernova neutrino (SN), Terrestrial neutrino (T)
^[b] Double beta decay (BB), Charged current (CC), Elastic scattering (ES), Neutral current (NC)

See also

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