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Army Science Board

Army Science Board
Abbreviation ASB
Predecessor Army Scientific Advisory Panel
Formation 16 November 1954 (1954-11-16)
Founded at Washington, DC
Purpose Advises senior leaders on scientific matters of concern to the U.S. Army. [1]
Headquarters ASAALT
George Singley
LTC Stephen K. Barker
(Executive Secretary)

The Army Science Board (ASB) provides advice about army science to senior military leaders. The ASB is a Federal Advisory Committee Act. It is the Department of the Army senior scientific advisory body that was chartered in 1977 to replace the Army Scientific Advisory Panel. The ASB advises and makes recommendations to the Secretary of the Army, the Chief of Staff of the Army, the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics and Technology (ASA(ALT)), the army staff, and major Army commanders on scientific and technological matters of concern to the Army. The Secretary of the Army delegates oversight authority to the ASA(ALT), who functions as the ASB Director. Terms are generally three years with one reappointment. [2]


  • History 1
  • Past Chairs 2
  • Past Executive Secretaries 3
  • References 4
  • Sources 5
  • External links 6


Secretary of the Army Dr. Francis J. Harvey (center), a former ASB member, awards the Decoration for Distinguished Civilian Service to departing ASB Chair Dr. James Tegnelia (left) as ASB Executive Secretary LTC Scott S. Haraburda (right) reads the citation, Feb. 24, 2005. (Photo courtesy of ASB Photo Archives)

The Army Science Board (ASB) has served as the Army’s senior scientific advisory board. When it was chartered as a Federal Advisory Committee under the Federal Advisory Committee Act in 1977, the ASB replaced the Army Scientific Advisory Panel (ASAP). Both the ASAP and the ASB grew out of the need for Army-specific guidance on scientific research and development (R&D) and the Army’s desire to maintain its strong technical advantage over other nations. [3]

From the founding of the Army through the early 1900s, the Army did not have an effective R&D program — production and procurement were emphasized and the R&D during this era was limited to product improvement. Prior to World War II, the Army’s R&D was controlled through the G-4 as a function of the supply arms and services. In October 1943, Secretary of War

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "[1]".

  • Defense Science Board Website at the Defense Acquisition, Technology, & Logistics website.
  • Army Science Board Chairs (Army AL&T Magazine Website)
  • Army Science Board Vice-Chairs (Army AL&T Magazine Website)
  • Army Science Board Executive Secretaries (Army AL&T Magazine Website)
  • Army Science Board Photos (Army AL&T Magazine Website)

External links


  1. ^ Hamilton 1988, p. 1.
  2. ^ Haraburda 2006, p. 70.
  3. ^ a b c Haraburda 2006, p. 71.
  4. ^ Haraburda 2006, pp. 71-72.
  5. ^ Haraburda 2006, p. 72.
  6. ^ Haraburda 2006, pp. 72-73.
  7. ^ Haraburda 2006, p. 73.
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ 80 FR 37604
  11. ^ 79 FR 51143


Army Scientific Advisory Panel
Executive Secretary Years
MAJ Charles H. Curtis 1954-1955
MAJ J.D. Neumann 1956-1957
LTC William N. Harris 1958-1959
LTC Paul D. MacGarvey 1960-1962
LTC Kenneth R. Bull 1963-1964
MAJ Donald E. Rosenblum 1965-1966
LTC Joseph E. Fix III 1966-1967
LTC Wayne D. Miller 1968-1969
LTC Edward E. Roderick 1969-1970
LTC James R. Fuller 1970-1971
LTC William P. Boyd 1971-1972
LTC John G. Burbules 1972-1973
LTC Aubra N. Bone 1974-1976
LTC E. F. Imler 1976- 1977
Army Science Board
Executive Secretary Years
COL Roger Mickelson 1979-1981
Ronald A. Mlinarchik
(Executive Director)
COL Richard E. Entlich 1987-1988
COL Thomas E. Stalzer 1989-1990
COL Bruce Braun 1990-1991
COL Barry Levine 1991-1993
COL Herbert J. Gallagher 1993-1996
COL Leonard Gliatta 1996-2000
COL Damian Bianca 2000-2001
COL Kevin Dietrick 2001-2002
COL Jeffrey D. Willey 2002-2004
LTC Scott S. Haraburda 2004-2005
COL Heather J. Ierardi 2005-2009
Dennis R. Schmidt 2009-2010
Carolyn Nash
(Executive Director)
COL William McLagon[9] 2013-2014
LTC Stephen K. Barker[10][11] 2014-2015

Past Executive Secretaries

Army Scientific Advisory Panel
Chair Years
James R. Killian 1951 - 1956
Frederick L. Hovde 1956 - 1957
Richard S. Morse 1958 - 1959
James W. McRae 1960
Clifford C. Furnas 1960 - 1961
Morrough Parker O'Brien 1961 - 1964
Finn J. Larsen 1965
Harold M. Agnew 1966 - 1970
Lawrence H. O'Neill 1971 - 1976
Bruce A. Reese 1976 - 1977
Army Science Board
Chair Years
J. Ernest Wilkins Jr. 1978 - 1981
Richard A. Montgomery 1981 - 1983
Wilson K. Talley 1983 - 1986
Irene C. Peden 1986 - 1987
Gilbert F. Decker 1987 - 1989
Dennis R. Horn 1989 - 1990
Duane A. Adams 1990 - 1991
James Jacobs 1991 - 1992
Walter B. LaBerge 1992 - 1995
Wilson K. Talley 1995 - 1996
Michael Frankel 1996 - 1998
Michael J. Bayer 1998 - 2002
Joseph V. Braddock 2002 - 2004
James A. Tegnelia 2004 - 2005
Frank H. Akers, Jr. 2005 - 2011
George Singley[8] 2012–present

Past Chairs

Throughout its first 50 years, 590 people — including 50 women — have served as ASB members, resulting in more than 3,700 years of uncompensated, voluntary service to the Army. The ASB’s distinguished members also include two astronauts, three Olympians (one with a silver medal in the long jump), one U.S. Ambassador to France and a member of the first expedition team to ascend Mount Minya Konka in Eastern Tibet, China. [7]

  • Air Mobility
  • Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare
  • Communications and Electronics
  • Firepower
  • Environmental Research
  • Human Factors
  • Surface Mobility
  • Research Organization and Planning

The ASAP — then with 25 members — held its first meeting November 16–17, 1954. During the meeting, the panel heard briefings on various areas involving the Army’s R&D efforts. By 1958, the panel grew to 70 members and divided itself into eight different subpanels: [6]

Following the Korean War, the Advisory Committee on Army Organization analyzed the Army’s organization with respect to its ability to support the nation in times of war and peace. This committee praised the scientific advisory group’s creation, indicating it was a significant step in bringing the best scientific ability and experience to the Army. In 1954, the House Committee on Government Operations issued a report stating that the Army’s scientific advisory group was not being used effectively. Army Secretary Robert T. Stevens, Pace’s successor, concurred with these recommendations and established plans to formalize the ASAP with a permanent charter, enlarge its membership and give it more latitude in its efforts. [5]

  • Dr. Detlev Bronk, National Academy of Sciences President, 1950 to 1962, and Johns Hopkins University President, 1949 to 1953. He was credited with formulating the modern theory of biophysics.
  • Mr. Crawford Greenewalt, DuPont President, 1948 to 1962. He was instrumental in transforming the theoretical work into a production system capable of manufacturing sufficient plutonium for the Manhattan Project.
  • Mr. Robert Haslam, consultant and as Chief of Division 3, Rocket Ordnance Research, National Defense Research Committee.
  • Mr. Kaufman Keller, Chrysle board of directors member of W.R. Grace & Co.; retired Standard Oil Co. Vice President. Previously, he was a professor of chemical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
  • Dr. Frederick Hovde, Purdue University President, 1946 to 1971. During World War II, he w r Chairman of the Board, 1950 to 1956; Chrysler President, 1935 to 1950.
  • Dr. James R. Killian Jr., MIT President, 1948 to 1959; MIT Corp. Chairman, 1959 to 1971. Following his service on this board, he became the presidential science advisor to President Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1957 to 1959.
  • Dr. Charles Lauritsen, Danish-born physicist and professor of electrical and radio engineering at the California Institute of Technology, 1911 to 1962. During World War II, his nuclear physics research was instrumental in the Manhattan Project.
  • Dr. Murrough O'Brien, University of California’s College of Engineering Dean, 1943 to 1959. Previously, he was the university’s Mechanical Engineering Department Chair, 1937 to 1943.
  • Dr. William Shockley, Bell Telephone Laboratories Research Physicist, 1945 to 1954. During World War II, he was the Anti-Submarine Warfare Operations Research Group Research Director. He received the Nobel Prize in physics in 1956 for his role in developing the transistor.
  • Mr. William Webster, New England Electric System Executive Vice President and Director. Following World War II, he was Deputy to the Secretary of Defense on Atomic Energy and the Chairman of the Military Liaison Committee to the Atomic Energy Commission. In 1950, he was the DOD R&D Board Chairman.

Shortly thereafter, Gray’s replacement, Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, evaluated the existing Army R&D program, which was then engaged in supporting the Korean War. In January 1951, the evaluators recommended that a research advisory board be established to assist the Secretary of the Army in R&D matters. Based on this report, General Joseph Collins, Army Chief of Staff, recommended establishing an Army Scientific Advisory Committee as this research advisory board. By March, Pace approved establishing this board in principle and in November he took the first steps to obtain this scientific advice. Without formally establishing a committee, the Secretary appointed 10 outstanding scientists and industrialists as his scientific advisers. These pioneer advisers were: [4]

Following World War II, despite General Dwight D. Eisenhower’s warnings that using scientific and technological resources solely for procurement purposes limited the usefulness of those resources and indications that separating R&D from procurement and production would benefit the military, concerns remained that the senior Army leadership lacked the vision to effectively guide the direction of R&D programs. However, funding and personnel limitations continued to direct R&D toward the necessary areas of procurement and production. A few years later, Dr. Donald Loughridge, the Army’s Senior Scientific Advisor, was concerned that the Army lacked an effective basic research program, resulting in its inability to attract desirable entry-level scientists to its laboratories. By April 1950, Secretary of the Army Gordon Gray was also concerned with the Army’s R&D program and its ability to support warfighters in future wars. He did not believe that the United States could fight a war based solely upon soldiers, especially with the fall of China to communism. [3]


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