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Title: Guanwen  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Taiping Rebellion
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Guanwen (Chinese: 官文; pinyin: Guānwén, clan name Wangjia 王佳, courtesy name Xiufeng; created Count Yiyong of the First Class 勇毅一等伯) (1798 – 1871) was a Manchu official, Grand Secretariat, military general, Viceroy of Zhili, Huguan and commander of the Army Group Central Plain during the late Qing Dynasty in China.

He raised the Green Standard Army to fight effectively against the Taiping Rebellion and restored the stability of Qing Dynasty along with other prominent figures, including Zuo Zongtang and Li Hongzhang, setting the scene for the era later known as the "Tongzhi Restoration" (同治中兴). He was known for his strategic perception and administrative skill.

Oversight of the Xiang Army

Guanwen was appointed Viceroy of Huguang from 1856 when the civil war. This was after two previous holders of the post had been killed in battle and another had committed suicide. Guanwen led the 600,000-string Green Standard Army in the Central Plain.


Government offices
Preceded by
Young Pei
Viceroy of Huguang
Succeeded by
Li Hongzhang
Preceded by
Liu Changyou
Viceroy of Zhili
Succeeded by
Zeng Guofan

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