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Canadian liquor plebiscite, 1920

The Canadian Liquor Plebiscite was held on October 25, 1920[1] in the provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, Nova Scotia and Saskatchewan under the Canada Temperance Act and the Dominion Elections Act.

The Canada Temperance Act, also known as the Scott Act, allowed provincial and municipal jurisdictions to formulate their own legislation regarding alcohol consumption based upon the results of a plebiscite. The results could not be challenged for at least three years. Between 1916-19 prohibition legislation passed in all the provinces. The sale of alcoholic liquors, except for medical and scientific purposes, was prohibited. In 1920, eight of the nine provinces decided to continue prohibition after the war. The Canadian liquor plebiscite addressed this postwar prohibition.[2] The plebiscite was set up to pose the question of banning liquor importation to provinces where prohibition had been enforced, but liquor could be ordered and imported by mail order. Ontario also had a plebiscite on the issue under the Temperance Act a few months later in 1921.


  • Alberta Results 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4

Alberta Results

Results[3] Votes Percent
For 68,012 60.55%
Against 44,321 39.45%
Total 112,333 100%

See also


  1. ^ Baird, John; White, George. "NLGenWeb Newspaper Transcriptions, Daily News, Year End Review, 1920, Events at home". Retrieved 2012-03-15. 
  2. ^ Haydon, J. A. P. (November 1929). "The Liquor Traffic in Canada". Machinist's Monthly Journal (Washington, D.C.: George State University Library, Special Collections Department, Southern Labor Archives) 41 (11): 708,709,750,751. Retrieved 2012-03-15. 
  3. ^ "The Case for Clause "A"". Lethbridge Daily Herald. November 1, 1923. p. 9. 

Further reading

  • Noel, Janet (1995). Canada Dry: Temperance Crusades before Confederation. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.  
  • Smart, Reginald G.; Ogborne, Alan C. (1996). Northern Spirits : A Social History of Alcohol in Canada (2nd ed.). Ontario: Addiction Research Foundation.  

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