World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Expedition 31

Article Id: WHEBN0023873986
Reproduction Date:

Title: Expedition 31  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Expedition 30, 2012 in spaceflight, Expedition 32, Oleg Kononenko, Soyuz TMA-04M
Collection: 2012 in Spaceflight, Expeditions to the International Space Station
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Expedition 31

ISS Expedition 31
Mission type ISS Expedition
Expedition
Space Station International Space Station
Began 27 April 2012, 08:15 (2012-04-27T08:15Z) UTC[1]
Ended Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter. UTC[2]
Arrived aboard Soyuz TMA-03M
Soyuz TMA-04M
Departed aboard Soyuz TMA-03M
Soyuz TMA-04M
Crew
Crew size 6
Members Expedition 30/31:
Oleg Kononenko
André Kuipers
Don Pettit

Expedition 31/32:
Joseph M. Acaba
Gennady Padalka
Sergei Revin


(l-r) Acaba, Padalka, Revin, Kuipers, Kononenko and Pettit


ISS expeditions
← Expedition 30 Expedition 32

Expedition 31 was the 31st long-duration expedition to the International Space Station (ISS). It began on 27 April 2012 with the departure from the ISS of the Soyuz TMA-22 spacecraft, which returned the Expedition 30 crew to Earth.[1] The expedition ended on 1 July 2012, when crew members Oleg Kononenko, André Kuipers and Don Pettit departed from the ISS aboard Soyuz TMA-03M, marking the beginning of Expedition 32.[2]

Contents

  • Crew 1
  • Mission highlights 2
    • Soyuz TMA-22 departure 2.1
    • Soyuz TMA-04M arrival 2.2
    • SpaceX Dragon test mission 2.3
    • Soyuz TMA-03M departure 2.4
  • In popular culture 3
  • Gallery 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Crew

Position First part
(April 2012 to May 2012)
Second part
(May 2012 to July 2012)
Commander Oleg Kononenko, RSA
Second spaceflight
Flight Engineer 1 André Kuipers, ESA
Second spaceflight
Flight Engineer 2 Don Pettit, NASA
Third spaceflight
Flight Engineer 3 Joseph M. Acaba, NASA
Second spaceflight
Flight Engineer 4 Gennady Padalka, RSA
Fourth spaceflight
Flight Engineer 5 Sergei Revin, RSA
First spaceflight
Source
NASA[3][4][5][6]

Mission highlights

Soyuz TMA-22 departure

Expedition 31 formally began on 27 April 2012, with the departure from the ISS of the Soyuz TMA-22 spacecraft. Soyuz TMA-22 successfully returned Expedition 30 astronauts Dan Burbank, Anton Shkaplerov and Anatoli Ivanishin to Earth.[1] The ISS was left under the command of astronauts Kononenko, Kuipers and Pettit, who had arrived at the station aboard Soyuz TMA-03M on 23 December 2011.

Soyuz TMA-04M arrival

The final three members of Expedition 31 – Acaba, Padalka and Revin – arrived at the ISS aboard Soyuz TMA-04M, which launched on 15 May 2012,[7] and docked to the ISS on 17 May at 4:36 UTC.[8]

SpaceX Dragon test mission

SpaceX's unmanned Dragon spacecraft conducted a test rendezvous with the ISS during Expedition 31, as part of NASA's Commercial Orbital Transportation Services program; it was the first commercial spacecraft to rendezvous with the ISS. Following a series of delays,[9] Dragon launched on 22 May 2012, and berthed successfully with the ISS on 25 May, after conducting a series of orbital test manoeuvres.[10][11] Dragon carried around 544 kilograms (1,199 lb) of cargo to the ISS, including food, clothing, a laptop computer and 15 student experiments.[10][12] After being loaded with 660 kilograms (1,460 lb) of downmass cargo, including completed experiments and redundant equipment, it undocked from the station and returned to Earth on 31 May 2012.[13][14] Dragon landed intact in the Pacific Ocean and was successfully recovered, allowing SpaceX to begin regular cargo flights to the ISS.[15] The first such logistics mission, CRS SpX-1, launched successfully in October 2012.[16][17]

Soyuz TMA-03M departure

Soyuz TMA-03M departed from the ISS on 1 July 2012, successfully returning Kononenko, Kuipers and Pettit to Earth. Their departure marked the formal end of Expedition 31, and the beginning of Expedition 32.[2]

In popular culture

In the 2012 The Big Bang Theory episode "The Friendship Contraction", character Howard Wolowitz revealed that he would be a member of a fictionalized Expedition 31.[18]

Gallery

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  1. ^ a b c "Soyuz TMA-22 returns to Earth with three outbound ISS crewmembers". NASASpaceflight.com, 27 April 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Harding, Pete (1 July 2012). "Soyuz TMA-03M undocks from ISS and returns to Earth". NASASpaceFlight (not associated with NASA). Retrieved 3 July 2012. 
  3. ^ NASA HQ (2009). "NASA and its International Partners Assign Space Station Crews". NASA. Retrieved 7 October 2009. 
  4. ^ NASA HQ (2010). "NASA And Partners Assign Crews For Upcoming Space Station Missions". NASA. Retrieved 8 July 2010. 
  5. ^ ESA astronaut André Kuipers to spend six months on the ISS starting in 2011
  6. ^ "Expedition 31 crew page". NASA. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "Three New Crew Members En Route to Station". Latest News. NASA. Retrieved 2012-05-14. 
  8. ^ Harwood, William (17 May 2012). "Three-man crew docks at International Space Station". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  9. ^ "SpaceX Dragon chokes at the last second".  
  10. ^ a b "SpaceX Launches Private Capsule on Historic Trip to Space Station". Space.com. 22 May 2012. 
  11. ^ "Station grabs SpaceX Dragon ship". BBC. 25 May 2012. 
  12. ^ "Private cargo rocket launch a giant leap for space entrepreneur".  
  13. ^ "SpaceX Dragon Capsule opens new era".  
  14. ^ "Splashdown for SpaceX Dragon spacecraft". BBC. 31 May 2012. 
  15. ^ "Its First Mission Done, SpaceX Looks to More Private Flights".  
  16. ^ Bergin, Chris (31 August 2012). "SpaceX conduct successful WDR on their latest Falcon 9". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 15 September 2012. 
  17. ^ "Liftoff! SpaceX Dragon Launches 1st Private Space Station Cargo Mission". Space.com. 8 October 2012 (UTC). 
  18. ^ "The Friendship Contraction". The Big Bang Theory. Season 5. Episode 15. 2 February 2012. 02:20 minutes in.

External links

  • NASA's Space Station Expeditions page
  • End of Expedition 30/Beginning of Expedition 31 video
  • Expedition 30/31 - Change of Command Ceremony video
  • End of Expedition 31/Beginning of Expedition 32 video
  • Expedition 31/32 - Change of Command Ceremony video
  • Expedition 31 Photography
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.