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In helmet, shield, greaves, cuirass, spear and sword. As one went down through the classes and the corresponding levels of wealth, equipment went lighter and lighter.[3] According to Peter Connolly, the goal of Tullius' reform was to base military service on wealth, and not race, thus better integrating the Etruscans, who at that time ruled Rome, and the Romans themselves ; he points out, however, that in the beginning most members of the richest first class must have been Etruscans.[4]

The adsidui were, as opposed to the proletarii, eligible to serve in the legions. However, along the structural evolution of the Roman army, the census levels necessary to be an adsiduus were gradually lowered. The Marian reforms of Gaius Marius, allowing any Roman citizen to become a legionary, were only the last step in this evolution.[5]


  1. ^ An Elementary Latin Dictionary in Charlton T. Lewis, Adsiduus
  2. ^ Livy, History of Rome, Book I, chapter 42 and Book I, chapter 43
  3. ^ Connolly, Peter, Greece and Rome at War, pp95-96.
  4. ^ Connolly, Peter, Greece and Rome at War, p95.
  5. ^ Connolly, Peter, Greece and Rome at War, p214.
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