World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Attabad Lake

Article Id: WHEBN0027458342
Reproduction Date:

Title: Attabad Lake  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Aliabad, Hunza, Nadeem Ahmad, Landslide dam, 2010 Salang avalanches, Dam
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Attabad Lake

Gojal Lake Hunza[1]
The lake was formed by a landslide in January 2010
Location Gojal Hunza, Hunza, Pakistan
Coordinates
Primary inflows Hunza River, 2,800 cu ft/s (79 m3/s), 26 May 2010[2]
Primary outflows Hunza River overflowing landslide dam, 3,700 cu ft/s (100 m3/s), 4 June 2010
Basin countries Pakistan
Max. length 13 miles (21 km)
Max. depth 358 feet (109 m)[3]
Water volume 330,000 acre feet (410,000,000 m3), 26 May 2010[2]
Closeup of the landslide

Attabad Lake, Gojal, also known as Gojal Lake[4], is a lake in the Gojal Valley of northern Pakistan created in January 2010 by a landslide dam.

The lake was formed due to a massive landslide at Attabad village in Gilgit-Baltistan, 9 miles (14 km) upstream (east) of Karimabad that occurred on January 4, 2010.[5] The landslide killed twenty people and blocked the flow of the Hunza River for five months. The lake flooding has displaced 6,000 people from upstream villages, stranded (from land transportation routes) a further 25,000,[6] and inundated over 12 miles (19 km) of the Karakoram Highway.[2] The lake reached 13 miles (21 km) long and over 100 metres (330 ft) in depth by the first week of June 2010 when it began flowing over the landslide dam, completely submerging lower Shishkat and partly flooding Gulmit.[2] The subdivision of Gojal has the greatest number of flooded buildings, over 170 houses, and 120 shops. The residents also had shortages of food and other items due to the blockage of the Karakoram Highway.[7] By June 4 water outflow from the lake had increased to 3,700 cu ft/s (100 m3/s).[8]

Aftermath of landslide

Victims of the landslide and expansion of the lake staged a sit-in protesting the lack of government action and compensation payments to them.[9]

As a result of the damming of Hunza River, five villages north of the barrier were flooded. One village, Ayeenabad, was completely submerged. Major portions of another village, Shishkat, was also submerged. Around 40% of the village of Gulmit, which also serves as the headquarters of Gojal Valley, was also submerged. Significant portions of land in Hussain and Ghulkin villages of Gojal also got submerged as a result of the surging lake.

The entire population of Gojal valley, up to 25000 individuals, were affected[10] as a result of the lake, due to difficulties of road access and reaching business markets and loss of land, houses, and agricultural products.

Attabad has been visited by both current and former Prime Ministers Yousuf Raza Gillani and Nawaz Sharif, and by the Chief Minister of Punjab Shahbaz Sharif, Sharif announced Rs100 million of aid for the victims from the Punjab government and Rs0.5 million for the relatives of those who died in the landslide.[11]

Attabad Lake in May 2010
Attabad Lake in August 2011

Areas downstream from the lake remained on alert [12] despite some officials believing that a major flood scenario was less likely as the river began flowing over the landslide dam during the first week of June 2010.[13][14] Many people have been evacuated to 195 relief camps.[3] Two hospitals downstream, the Kashrote Eye Vision Hospital and the Aga Khan Health Service, evacuated both their staff and equipment.[11] Some officials had incorrectly predicted that as soon as the lake began flowing over the landslide dam, a 60 feet (18 m) wave would hit the areas immediately downstream.[15]

As of 14 June 2010, the water level continued to rise. DawnNews reported that "242 houses, 135 shops, four hotels, two schools, four factories, and several hundred acres of agricultural land" had been flooded, and that villagers were receiving food and school fee subsidies. They reported that 25 kilometres (16 mi) of the Karakoram Highway and six bridges were destroyed.[16] A special documentary on this issue Hunza Kahani by Waqar Ahmed Malik was on aired at Express news.

Frontier Works Organization blasted the spillway of the lake first on March 27, 2012 and then on May 15, 2012, lowering the lake's water level by at least 33 feet (10 m).[17]

Ethnic aspect of the lake disaster

The lake in September 2011.

The Gojal Valley, which is worst affected as a result of this lake, is home to three rare ethnic groups, namely the Wakhi (80%), Burushaski (18%), and Domaki (2%).[18] The entire population of Domaki speakers, a very small minority and historically marginalized community, was displaced from their village of Shishkat.

The Wakhi and Burushaski speaking minority ethnic groups have also been affected severely as a result of the disaster.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://pamirtimes.net/tag/gojal-lake-hazard/
  2. ^ a b c d Shabbir Ahmed Mir (26 May 2010). "Attabad lake swallows Shishkat". The Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "Surging water destroys banks of Atta Abad Lake". The News International. May 17, 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  4. ^ http://pamirtimes.net/tag/gojal-lake/
  5. ^ Siddiqi, Tanvir (24 May 2010). "Attabad Lake submerges more homes". PakObserver. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "Attabad Lake victims end protest after talks". The Nation. 22 May 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  7. ^ Water level rising in Attabad lake
  8. ^ Hunza Blog by Professor Dave Petley, Durham University, England
  9. ^ "Attabad lake affectees end protest after Govt assurance of compensation". Online International News Network. 22 May 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  10. ^ http://www.sungi.org/custom-5/Gojal_Valley_Devastation_of_Natural_Disaster_Visit_Report_12-14_March_2010.pdf
  11. ^ a b Shabbir Ahmed Mir (25 May 2010). "Attabad ‘water bomb’ countdown". The Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 29 May 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  12. ^ "Attabad Lake rises to threatening 353-foot level". The News International. May 17, 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  13. ^ Provinces, DAWN.com (June 1, 2010). "Outpour from Attabad lake increasing". The DAWN Media Group. Archived from the original on 3 June 2010. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  14. ^ Mir, Shabbir Ahmed (June 1, 2010). "Major flood in Attabad less likely, say officials". The Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 4 June 2010. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  15. ^ Hamdani, Raza (19 May 2010). "Pakistanis fear overflowing lake will wash them away". BBC News. Archived from the original on 23 May 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  16. ^ "Water leve--~~~~--~~~~l rises in Attabad lake". DAWN Media Group. 14 Jun 2010. Archived from the original on 19 June 2010. Retrieved 16 July 2010. 
  17. ^ http://jang.com.pk/jang/may2012-daily/15-05-2012/u106784.htm
  18. ^ http://simurgh-simurgh.blogspot.com/2010/12/tragedy-of-dispossessed.html

External links

  • Hunza Landslide Relief Support, daily updated information with downloadable GIS data for non-profit use | LOCAL.com.pk
  • Complete news coverages and photographs | Pamir Times
  • Monitoring blog by Professor Dave Petley, Durham University, England
  • Ata Abad Lake on Google Maps, Input Requested from Contributors | ProPakistani
  • Google LatLong: Map Makers respond to the Pakistan landslides
  • Landslide Lake on Hunza River Overflows into Spillway - Earth Observatory (NASA)
  • [1] Thread on Hunza Gojal Lake
  • [2] Pakistan
  • [3] Landslide lake in Pakistan, Boston.com big pictures
  • File:Documentary on Attabad Lake Hunza
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.