World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Umayyad family tree

Article Id: WHEBN0028962426
Reproduction Date:

Title: Umayyad family tree  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Umayyad Caliphate, Umayyads, Caliphs, Umayyad dynasty, Abd ar-Rahman IV
Collection: Dynasty Genealogy, Muslim Family Trees, Umayyad Dynasty
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Umayyad family tree

This is a family tree of the Umayyad dynasty, whose name derives from Umayya ibn Abd Shams. Umayya's great-grandson Muawiyah I founded the Umayyad Caliphate in 661, and transferred its capital to Damascus, Syria. The Sufyanid branch to which Muawiyah belonged ceased to exercise power following the abdication of Muawiya II in 684. Power shifted to the Marwanid branch, which continued to rule the caliphate until the Umayyads were displaced and massacred by the Abbasids in 750 (see Battle of the Zab). An Umayyad prince named Abd ar-Rahman managed to escape the massacre, and fled to the Iberian peninsula (Al-Andalus) where he established an independent emirate ruled from the city of Córdoba. His descendants continued to rule the Emirate of Córdoba, which Abd-ar-Rahman III elevated to the status of caliphate in 929. The Caliphate of Córdoba disintegrated into several independent taifa kingdoms in 1031, thus bringing to a definitive end the rule of the Umayyads.

Contents

  • The descendants of Umayya ibn Abd Shams and ʿAbd al-Muttalib 1
  • Family tree 2
    • Key 2.1
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Bibliography 5

The descendants of Umayya ibn Abd Shams and ʿAbd al-Muttalib

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ʿAbd Manaf
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ʿAbd Shams
 
 
Muttalib ibn Abd Manaf
 
 
Hashim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Umayya ibn Abd Shams
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ʿAbd al-Muttalib
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Harb ibn Umayyah
 
 
 
Abu al-'As ibn Umayyah
 
 
 
ʿÂminah
 
Abd Allah ibn ʿAbd al-Muttalib
 
Abu Talib ibn Abdul Muttalib
 
Hamza ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abu Sufyan ibn Harb
 
Al-Hakam ibn Abi al-'As
 
 
Affan ibn Abi al-'As
 
Muhammad
 
Khadija bint Khuwaylid
 
Ali el-Mûrtadhâ (Family tree)
 
Khawlah bint Ja'far
 
ʿAbd Allâh bin `Abbâs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muawiyah I
 
Marwan I
 
 
Uthman ibn Affan
 
Ruqqayah bint Muhammad
 
Fatimah Zahra
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
 
ʿAli bin ʿAbd Allâh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Umayyads
 
 
 
Uthman ibn Abu-al-Aas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hasan al-Mûjtabâ
 
Husayn (Family tree)
 
Mukhtar al-Thaqafi
(Ebû‘Emre`Keysân’îyye)
 
Muhammed "el-İmâm"
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Family tree

Key

  Uthman ibn Affan (Rashidun Caliph, 644–656)
  Umayyad Caliphs of Damascus (661–750)
  Umayyad Emirs of Córdoba (756–929)
  Umayyad Caliphs of Córdoba (929–1031)

See also

References

Umayyads of Damascus
  • Lane-Poole 1894, p. 11
Umayyads of Córdoba
  • Lane-Poole 1894, p. 22

Bibliography

  •  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.