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List of premiers of the Republic of China

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Title: List of premiers of the Republic of China  
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Subject: Republic of China National Assembly election, 1912, Chiang Ching-kuo, Wu Den-yih, Lien Chan, Premier of the Republic of China
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List of premiers of the Republic of China

This is a list of the Premiers of the Republic of China since 1912. The Republic of China before 1949 controlled mainland China as well as offshore islands. The Republic of China since 1949 has only controlled Taiwan and nearby islands. This current Republic of China is usually known as Taiwan.

Premiers also known as Presidents of Executive Yuan are appointed by Presidents in the Republic of China, but some premiers were even more powerful than the presidents, during the early age of the Republic of China. Some presidents were even expelled by the premiers they appointed. The title of premier in China had been changed several times, so this list is divided into several sections.

  • Multiple terms in office, consecutive or otherwise, are listed and counted in the first column (term number) and the second column counts individuals.

List

      Beiyang clique, etc.       Progressive


Premiers of Cabinet of the Republic of China

  • Period: 13 March 1912 – 1 May 1914

According to the Provisional Constitution of Republic of China, which passed in 1912, the leader of the majority party or the majority coalition should be appointed premier by the president.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party President
1 Tang Shaoyi
唐紹儀
Táng Shàoyí
(1862–1938)
13 March 1912 27 June 1912 106 Beiyang clique Sun Yat-sen, Yuan Shikai
2 Lou Tseng-tsiang
(Pierre-Célestin Lou)

陸徵祥
Lù Zhēngxiáng
(1871–1949)
29 June 1912 22 September 1912 56 Beiyang clique Yuan Shikai
3 Zhao Bingjun
趙秉鈞
Zhào Bǐngjūn
(1859–1914)
25 September 1912 1 May 1913 252 Beiyang clique Yuan Shikai
Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
Duàn Qíruì
(1865–1936)
1 May 1913 31 July 1913 91 Beiyang clique Yuan Shikai
4 Xiong Xiling
熊希龄
Xióng Xīlíng
(1870–1937)
31 July 1913 12 February 1914 196 Beiyang clique Yuan Shikai
Sun Baoqi
孫寶琦
Sūn Bǎoqí
(1867–1931)
12 February 1914 1 May 1914 78 Beiyang clique Yuan Shikai

Secretaries of State of the Empire of China

  • Period: 22 December 1915 – 22 March 1916
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party Emperor
(2) Lou Tseng-tsiang
(Pierre-Célestin Lou)

陸徵祥
Lù Zhēngxiáng
(1871–1949)
22 December 1915 22 March 1916 91 Non-partisan Hongxian (Yuan Shikai)

Secretaries of State of the Republic of China

  • Period: 1 May 1914 – 22 December 1915; 22 March 1916 – 29 June 1916
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party President
5 Xu Shichang
徐世昌
Xú Shìchāng
(1855–1939)
1 May 1914 22 December 1915 600 Beiyang clique Yuan Shikai
22 March 1916 23 April 1916 32
6 Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
Duàn Qíruì
(1865–1936)
23 April 1916 29 June 1916 67 Beiyang clique Yuan Shikai, Li Yuanhong

Premiers of State Council of the Republic of China

  • Period: 29 June 1916 – 1 July 1917
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party President
(6) Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
Duàn Qíruì
(1865–1936)
29 June 1916 23 May 1917 328 Progressive Li Yuanhong
Wu Tingfang
伍廷芳
Wu Tíngfāng
(1842–1922)
23 May 1917 28 May 1917 5 Progressive Li Yuanhong
7 Li Jingxi
李經羲
Li Jīngxī
(1859–1925)
28 May 1917 1 July 1917 34 Progressive Li Yuanhong

Prime Minister of Restored Qing Imperial Government

  • Period: 1 July 1917 – 12 July 1917

A coup d'état in order to restore the Qing monarchy occurred on 1 July 1917. The leader of the coup, Zhang Xun, was immediately rewarded the premiership by Emperor Puyi. But Chang was defeated by Duan Qirui on 12 July and the Republic of China restored.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party Emperor
Zhang Xun
張勳
Zhāng Xūn
(1854–1923)
1 July 1917 12 July 1917 16 Non-partisan Xuantong (Puyi)

Premiers of State Council of the Republic of China

  • Period: 14 July 1917 – 24 November 1924
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party President
(6) Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
Duàn Qíruì
(1865–1936)
14 July 1917 22 November 1917 128 Anhui clique Feng Guozhang
Wang Daxie
汪大燮
Wāng Dàxiè
(1860–1929)
22 November 1917 30 November 1917 8 Zhili clique Feng Guozhang
Wang Shizhen
王士珍
Wáng Shìzhēn
(1861–1930)
30 November 1917 20 February 1918 82 Anhui clique Feng Guozhang
Qian Nengxun
錢能訓
Qián Néngxun
(1869–1924)
20 February 1918 23 March 1918 31 Anhui clique Feng Guozhang
(6) Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
Duàn Qíruì
(1865–1936)
23 March 1918 10 October 1918 201 Anhui clique Feng Guozhang
Qian Nengxun
錢能訓
Qián Néngxun
(1869–1924)
10 October 1918 13 June 1919 246 Anhui clique Xu Shichang
Gong Xinzhan
龔心湛
Gōng Xīnzhàn
(1871–1943)
13 June 1919 24 September 1919 103 Anhui Clique Xu Shichang
8 Jin Yunpeng
靳雲鵬
Jìn Yúnpéng
(1877–1951)
24 September 1919 14 May 1920 233 Anhui Clique Xu Shichang
9 Sa Zhenbing
薩鎮冰
Sà Zhènbīng
(1859–1952)
14 May 1920 9 August 1920 87 Anhui Clique Xu Shichang
(8) Jin Yunpeng
靳雲鵬
Jìn Yúnpéng
(1877–1951)
9 August 1920 18 December 1921 496 Anhui Clique Xu Shichang
Yan Huiqing
(W.W. Yan)

顏惠慶
Yán Huìqìng
(1877–1950)
18 December 1921 24 December 1921 6 Zhili Clique Xu Shichang
10 Liang Shiyi
梁士詒
Liáng Shìyí
(1869–1933)
24 December 1921 25 January 1922 32 Communications Clique Xu Shichang
Yan Huiqing
(W.W. Yan)

顏惠慶
Yán Huìqìng
(1877–1950)
25 January 1922 8 April 1922 73 Zhili Clique Xu Shichang
Zhou Ziqi
周自齊
Zhōu Zìqí
(1871–1923)
8 April 1922 11 June 1922 64 Anhui Clique Xu Shichang, Zhou Ziqi (co-serving)
11 Yan Huiqing
(W.W. Yan)

顏惠慶
Yán Huìqìng
(1877–1950)
11 June 1922 5 August 1922 55 Zhili Clique Li Yuanhong
Wang Chonghui
王寵惠
Wáng Chǒnghuì
(1881–1958)
5 August 1922 29 November 1922 116 Non-partisan Li Yuanhong
Wang Daxie
汪大燮
Wāng Dàxiè
(1860–1929)
29 November 1922 11 December 1922 12 Zhili clique Li Yuanhong
Wang Zhengting
王正廷
Wáng Zhèngtíng
(1882–1961)
11 December 1922 4 January 1923 24 Non-partisan Li Yuanhong
12 Zhang Shaozeng
張紹曾
Zhāng Shàozéng
(1879–1928)
4 January 1923 9 September 1923 248 Beiyang clique Li Yuanhong, Gao Lingwei
13 Gao Lingwei
高凌霨
Gāo Língwèi
(1868–1939)
9 September 1923 12 January 1924 125 Non-partisan Gao Lingwei, Cao Kun
14 Sun Baoqi
孫寶琦
Sūn Bǎoqí
(1867–1931)
12 January 1924 2 July 1924 172 Beiyang clique Cao Kun
Koo Vi-kyuin
(V.K. Wellington Koo)

顧維鈞
Gù Wéijūn
(1887–1985)
2 July 1924 14 September 1924 74 Non-partisan Cao Kun
(11) Yan Huiqing
(W.W. Yan)

顏惠慶
Yán Huìqìng
(1877–1950)
14 September 1924 31 October 1924 47 Zhili Clique Cao Kun
Huang Fu
黃郛
Huáng Fú
(1883–1936)
31 October 1924 24 November 1924 24 Non-partisan Cao Kun, Huang Fu (co-serving)

Note: The Premiership was abolished from 25 November 1924 to 26 December 1925. The head of the cabinet during this Period was Duan Qirui, Provisional Chief Executive of the Republic of China.

Premiers of State Council of the Republic of China

  • Period: 24 November 1924 – 2 June 1928
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party President
15 Xu Shiying
許世英
Xǔ Shìyīng
(1873–1964)
26 December 1925 4 March 1926 68 Non-partisan Duan Qirui
Jia Deyao
賈德耀
Jiǎ Déyào
(1880–1940)
4 March 1926 20 April 1926 47 Non-partisan Duan Qirui
Hu Weide
胡惟德
Hú Wéidé
(1863–1933)
20 April 1926 13 May 1926 23 Non-partisan Hu Weide (co-serving)
(11) Yan Huiqing
(W.W. Yan)

顏惠慶
Yán Huìqìng
(1877–1950)
13 May 1926 22 June 1926 40 Non-partisan W.W. Yan (co-serving)
Du Xigui
杜錫珪
Dù Xīguī
(1875–1933)
22 June 1926 1 October 1926 101 Non-partisan Du Xigui (co-serving)
Koo Vi-kyuin
(V.K. Wellington Koo)

顧維鈞
Gù Wéijūn
(1887–1985)
1 October 1926 18 June 1927 260 Non-partisan V.K. Wellington Koo (co-serving)
Pan Fu
潘復
Pān Fù
(1883–1936)
18 June 1927 2 June 1928 350 Non-partisan Zhang Zuolin

Presidents of Executive Yuan of the Republic of China

  • Period: 25 October 1928 – 24 May 1948

When Chiang Kai-shek established the Nanking Nationalist Government in 1928, he created a presidency for Executive Yuan instead of a premiership, in order to show the difference between his government and the previous one in Beijing (then renamed Beiping). This government moved to Chongqing during the Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) and during the Chinese Civil War relocated to Taipei where it exists today.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party President
16 Tan Yankai
譚延闓
Tán Yánkǎi
(1880–1930)
25 October 1928 22 September 1930 842 Kuomintang Tan Yankai (co-serving), Chiang Kai-shek
Died in office.
17 Soong Tse-ven
(T.V. Soong)

宋子文
Sòng Ziwén
(1891–1971)
25 September 1930 4 December 1930 73 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
18 Chiang Kai-shek
蒋中正
Jiǎng Zhōngzhèng
(1887–1975)
4 December 1930 15 December 1931 376 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek (co-serving)
19 Chen Mingshu
陳銘樞
Chén Míngshū
(1889–1965)
15 December 1931 1 January 1932 17 Kuomintang Lin Sen
20 Sun Fo
孫科
Sūn Kē
(1891–1973)
1 January 1932 28 January 1932 27 Kuomintang Lin Sen
21 Wang Jingwei
汪兆銘
Wāng Jīngwèi
(1883–1944)
28 January 1932 1 December 1935 1403 Kuomintang Lin Sen
(18) Chiang Kai-shek
蔣中正
Jiǎng Zhōngzhèng
(1887–1975)
7 December 1935 1 January 1938 756 Kuomintang Lin Sen
22 Kung Hsiang-hsi
(H.H. Kung)

孔祥熙
Kǒng Xiángxī
(1881–1967)
1 January 1938 11 December 1939 106 Kuomintang Lin Sen
(18) Chiang Kai-shek
蔣中正
Jiǎng Zhōngzhèng
(1887–1975)
11 December 1939 31 May 1945 2707 Kuomintang Lin Sen, Chiang Kai-shek (co-serving)
(17) Soong Tse-ven
(T.V. Soong)

宋子文
Sòng Ziwén
(1891–1971)
31 May 1945 1 March 1947 639 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
(18) Chiang Kai-shek
蔣中正
Jiǎng Zhōngzhèng
(1887–1975)
1 March 1947 18 April 1947 48 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
23 Chang Ch'ün
張群
Zhāng Qún
(1889–1990)
18 April 1947 24 May 1948 402 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek

Presidents of Executive Yuan of the Republic of China

  • Period: 24 May 1948 – present
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Days Political Party President
24 Weng Wenhao
翁文灝
Wēng Wénhào
(1889–1971)
24 May 1948 26 November 1948 186 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
(20) Sun Fo
孫科
Sūn Kē
(1891–1973)
26 November 1948 12 March 1949 106 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek, Li Zongren
25 He Yingqin
何應欽
Hé Yìngqīn
(1890–1987)
12 March 1949 3 June 1949 83 Kuomintang Li Zongren
26 Yan Xishan
閻錫山
Yán Xíshān
(1883–1960)
3 June 1949 7 March 1950 277 Kuomintang Li Zongren, Chiang Kai-shek
27 Chen Cheng
陳誠
Chén Chéng
(1897–1965)
7 March 1950 7 June 1954 1553 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
28 Yu Hung-Chun
俞鴻鈞
Yú Hóngjūn
(1897–1960)
7 June 1954 30 June 1958 1484 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
(27) Chen Cheng
陳誠
Chén Chéng
(1897–1965)
30 June 1958 15 December 1963 1994 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
29 Yen Chia-kan
(C.K. Yen)

嚴家淦
Yán Jiāgàn
(1905–1993)
15 December 1963 29 May 1972 3088 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek
30 Chiang Ching-kuo
蔣經國
Jiǎng Jīngguó
(1910–1988)
29 May 1972 28 May 1978 2190 Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek, C.K. Yen, Chiang Ching-kuo (co-serving)
31 Sun Yun-suan
孫運璿
Sūn Yùnxuán
(1913–2006)
30 May 1978 20 May 1984 2184 Kuomintang Chiang Ching-kuo
32 Yu Kuo-hwa
俞國華
Yú Guóhuá
(1914–2000)
20 May 1984 21 May 1989 1827 Kuomintang Chiang Ching-kuo, Lee Teng-hui
33 Lee Huan
李煥
Lǐ Huàn
(1917–2010)
21 May 1989 1 June 1990 376 Kuomintang Lee Teng-hui
34 Hau Pei-tsun
郝柏村
Hǎo Bócūn
(1919–)
1 June 1990 10 February 1993 985 Kuomintang Lee Teng-hui
35 Lien Chan
連戰
Lián Zhàn
(1936–)
10 February 1993 1 September 1997 1664 Kuomintang Lee Teng-hui
36 Siew Wan-chang
(Vincent Siew)

蕭萬長
Xiāo Wàncháng
(1939–)
1 September 1997 20 May 2000 992 Kuomintang Lee Teng-hui
37 Tang Fei
唐飛
Táng Fēi
(1933–)
20 May 2000 6 October 2000 139 Kuomintang Chen Shui-bian
38 Chang Chun-hsiung
張俊雄
Zhāng Jùnxióng
(1938–)
6 October 2000 1 February 2002 483 Democratic Progressive Chen Shui-bian
39 Yu Shyi-kun
游錫堃
Yóu Xíkūn
(1948–)
1 February 2002 1 February 2005 1096 Democratic Progressive Chen Shui-bian
40 Hsieh Chang-ting
(Frank Hsieh)

謝長廷
Xiè Chángtíng
(1946–)
1 February 2005 25 January 2006 358 Democratic Progressive Chen Shui-bian
41 Su Tseng-chang
蘇貞昌
Sū Zhēnchāng
(1947–)
25 January 2006 21 May 2007 481 Democratic Progressive Chen Shui-bian
(38) Chang Chun-hsiung
張俊雄
Zhāng Jùnxióng
(1938–)
21 May 2007 20 May 2008 365 Democratic Progressive Chen Shui-bian
42 Liu Chao-shiuan
劉兆玄
Liú Zhàoxuán
(1943–)
20 May 2008 10 September 2009 478 Kuomintang Ma Ying-jeou
43 Wu Den-yih
吳敦義
Wú Dūnyì
(1948–)
10 September 2009 6 February 2012 879 Kuomintang Ma Ying-jeou
44 Chen Chun
(Sean Chen)

陳冲
Chén Chōng
(1949–)
6 February 2012 18 February 2013 378 Kuomintang Ma Ying-jeou
45 Jiang Yi-huah
江宜樺
Jiāng Yīhuá
(1960–)
18 February 2013 8 December 2014 658 Kuomintang Ma Ying-jeou
46 Mao Chi-kuo
毛治國
Máo Zhìguó
(1948–)
8 December 2014 Incumbent 404 Kuomintang Ma Ying-jeou

See also

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