World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Société Normande de Peinture Moderne

Article Id: WHEBN0040515922
Reproduction Date:

Title: Société Normande de Peinture Moderne  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: André Mare, French art, Robert Antoine Pinchon, Normandy
Collection: 20Th-Century French Painters, Cubism, European Artist Groups and Collectives, French Art, French Artist Groups and Collectives, Orphism
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Société Normande de Peinture Moderne

Société Normande de Peinture Moderne
Albert Gleizes, 1910-12, Les Arbres (The Trees), oil on canvas, 41 x 27 cm

The Société Normande de Peinture Moderne, also known as Société de Peinture Moderne, or alternatively, Normand Society of Modern Painting, was a collective of eminent painters, sculptors, poets, musicians and critics associated with Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, Cubism and Orphism. The Société Normande de la Peinture Moderne was a diverse collection of avant-garde artists; in part a subgrouping of the Cubist movement, evolving alongside the so-called Salon Cubist group, first independently then in tandem with the core group of Cubists that emerged at the Salon d'Automne and Salon des Indépendants between 1909 and 1911 (i.e., Albert Gleizes, Jean Metzinger, Fernand Léger, Robert Delaunay and Henri Le Fauconnier). Historically, the two groups merged in 1912, at the Section d'Or exhibition, but documents from the period prior to 1912 indicate the merging occurred earlier and in a more convoluted manner.

From left to right: Robert Antoine Pinchon, Mrs. Dumont, La Broue and Pierre Dumont, at an exhibition before World War I

Contents

  • History 1
    • Groupe des XXX 1.1
      • 1907-1908 1.1.1
      • 1909 1.1.2
    • Salon de la Société Normande 1.2
      • 1910 1.2.1
      • 1911, Rouen, Paris 1.2.2
      • 1912 1.2.3
  • Notable members and associates 2
  • Other works exhibited 3
  • Literature 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

History

Groupe des XXX

1907-1908

Almanach pour 1908, Edition du Group des XXX, December 1907, Paris, Rouen

In 1907, at the instigation of Pierre Dumont and inspired by Othon Friesz's group called Le Cercle de l'Art Moderne, in Le Havre, an association called Groupe XXX (thirty) was formed as a collective of independent painters, sculptors, writers, poets and music composers from the vicinity of Rouen.[1][2] The birth of Le Cercle de l'Art Moderne had inspired the foundation of another group in Le Havre named Société havraise des Beaux-arts, presided over by Jean-Paul Laurens, member of the Institut and Commendeur de la Légion d'Honneur.[1]

An inverse phenomenon was produced in Rouen and the group of thirty (XXX) independent artists emerged. Dumont's objective was to unite avant-garde artists. Contributing to the endeavor the group of artists included Henri Matisse, André Derain, Raoul Dufy, Albert Marquet, Maurice Louvier, Charles Duhamel, Charles Frechon, Gaston Prunier, Pierre Girieud, Gaston Gosselin, Tristan Klingsor, Eugène Tirvert, Ernest Morel, Maurice de Vlaminck and Robert Antoine Pinchon.[3][4]

The first exhibition of the Groupe des XXX was held at Galerie Legrip in Rouen, 29 October - 12 November 1907.[1]

To promote their eclecticism the group published a "manifesto" called "Almanach pour 1908" which included literary and graphic works by artists typically associated with the new generation of l'École de Rouen, as those of well-known Parisian artists.[5] This high quality catalog was published in an edition of 450.[1][2]

The founders of the Groupe des XXX would soon rebaptize their association Société Normande de Peinture Moderne.[6]

1909

Marcel Duchamp, 1911, La sonate (Sonata), oil on canvas, 145.1 x 113.3 cm, Philadelphia Museum of Art
Tobeen, 1912, Pelotaris, oil on canvas, 147.5 x 115.5 cm, shown at Salon des Indépendants 1912, and Moderni Umeni, SVU Mánes, Prague, 1914

5 June 1909 the statutes of Société de Peinture Moderne presented 22 May are published in the Journal Officiel. The founders, Pierre Dumont, Robert Antoine Pinchon, Yvonne Barbier, and Eugène Tirvert, declare the formation of the "Société de Peinture Moderne, which has the goal of informing the general public of a modern artistic trend through a series of exhibitions".[1]

The Société Normande de Peinture Moderne attracted the participation of Henri Matisse, Maurice de Vlaminck, André Derain, Joseph Delattre, Albert Marquet, Maurice Louvier, Francis Picabia, Maurice Utrillo, Othon Friesz, Francis Picabia, and Roger de La Fresnaye, among others.[4][7][8]

Salon de la Société Normande

1910

The first of five exhibitions organized by the Société Normande de Peinture Moderne took place at the Salle Boieldieu in Rouen, 65 rue Ganterie, 20 December 1909 – 20 January 1910. The preface to the exhibition was written by Élie Faure (1873-1937). Faure was a friend of Eugène Carrière in 1904 and was a member of the Comité du Salon d'Automne and a juror for the Salon d'Automne paintings in 1907. Faure, who had trained as a doctor and had politically active links, wrote art criticism from April 1902 in L'Aurore. He had studied at the elite Parisian Lycee Henri IV (1887-1891) under the philosopher Henri Bergson; an influential force of inspiration amongst the Cubists.[9][10]

Also participating in this movement were members of the Duchamp family, Suzanne Duchamp, Jacques Villon, Raymond Duchamp Villon and Marcel Duchamp,[11] also natives of Normandy. Associates included Jean Metzinger, Frank Kupka, Tobeen, Henri Le Fauconnier, Jean Marchand, and the sculptors Joseph Csaky and Alexander Archipenko

1911, Rouen, Paris

On 6 May 1911 the Société Normande held a second exhibition 41 rue du Gros-Horloge, in the center of Rouen. The preface of the catalog was written by Élie Faure. Lectures during the exhibition were given on Thursdays and concerts on Sundays.[10]

In 1910-11 Dumont moved into the Le Bateau-Lavoir becoming friends with Juan Gris, Max Jacob and Guillaume Apollinaire.

From 20 November to 16 December 1911 the Société Normande organized their first exhibition in Paris which took place at the Galerie d'Art Ancien et d'Art Contemporain, 3 Rue Tronchet. The preface of the catalog was written by René Blum (1878-1942), the coeditor, journalist and art critic who between 1910 and 1914 wrote in Gil Blas.[9] His brother, Léon Blum, was a literary critic and future Socialist politician. René Blum, in his preface, asserted that the advent of photography had liberated artists from the need to imitate nature, and that 'pure imagination' as a source for inspiration had resulted in art works whose 'originality of forms somewhat outstripped the capacity of our understanding'. Echoing the avant-garde mandates of Élie Faure 1909 preface that artists of the Société Normande had far exceeding 'the mob's habits of seeing' in pursuit of their 'imperious' imaginations.[9]

Société Normande de Peinture Moderne, Conference Contradictoire sur le "Cubisme", 1912
Albert Gleizes, 1912, Les Baigneuses (The Bathers), oil on canvas, 105 x 171 cm. Exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants in Paris during the spring of 1912, and the Salon de la Section d'Or, Galerie La Boétie in Paris, October 1912. Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris

In addition to the works of Gleizes, Metzinger, Léger, Picabia, Le Fauconnier, Roger Le Fresnaye, André Lhote, the Duchamps, Dumont, Tobeen and Archipenko, works were exhibited by Raoul Dufy, Marie Laurencin, Othon Friesz, André Mare, Eugène Zak, Luc-Albert Moreau, Paul Vera, André Dunoyer de Segonzac and Robert Antoine Pinchon.[10]

During the course of 1911 this group assisted Albert Gleizes in the preparation of the Salon de la Section d'Or exhibition that would be held in October 1912 at the Galerie La Boétie, Paris. On Mondays there were regular meetings with Gleizes in his studio in the Paris suburb of Courbevoie.[10]

1912

The Société Normande held from 15 June to 15 July 1912 their fourth exhibition at the Salle du skating in Rouen. Forewords in the catalog were written by Maurice Raynal and Ellie Faure. In his forward, Faure⎯in addition to scientific, social, ethical and political overtones⎯included a Bergsonian philosophical overlay of 'intuition', 'creativity' and 'dynamism' to the avant-gardist discourse, something missing from his 1911 preface. Metzinger and Gleizes would do the same in writing the Cubist manifesto Du "Cubisme", published for the occasion of the Salon de la Section d'Or.[9]

Maurice Raynal, a preeminent art critic, played a major role in defending Cubism in Kantian terms. In 1912 he replaced Apollinaire at L'Intransigeant and simultaneously was hired by Louis Vauxcelles to write in Gil Blas. In his forward for this exhibition⎯his first writing on Cubism⎯Raynal paints the artistic avant-garde as parallel to scientists whose 'very data will turn the common understanding and ordinary sensibilities upside down'. Science and visual arts evolved together leading to 'a more positivistic age'. Artists, just as scientists, were able to capture the 'essence of things'. The goal or art, writes Raynal, is not the 'slavish imitation of nature', but its 'interpretation in accordance with the artist's intellectual capacity'.[9]

At this exhibition the general public of Rouen and surrounding areas were introduced to Cubism for the first time, but three paintings by Francis Picabia attracted particular attention for their high degree of abstraction; Tarentelle, Port de Naples and Paysage. In addition, works were exhibited by Gleizes (5), Dumont (2), Lhote (3), Léger (2), Gris (3), Villon (6), La Fresnaye (2), and Tobeen (3). This exhibition was in effect the dress rehearsal for the Salon de la Section d'Or.[10]

During the exhibition, on June 23, a paper was presented by Guillaume Apollinaire, entitled Le sublime modern. On Sunday, July 7 the art critic Maurice Raynal gave a lecture on Cubism. The entrance fee was 1 FF.[10]

Francis Picabia, 1912, Tarentelle, oil on canvas, 73.6 x 92.1 cm, Museum of Modern Art, New York. Reproduced in Du "Cubisme"

The 1912 Salon de la [13]

Practically all the artists of the [13]

The 5th and last exhibition of the Société Normande de la Peinture Moderne, which included works by Utrillo, Friesz, Guillaumin, Luce, Vlaminck, Pinchon and others, transpired in 1914, just before the onset of World War I; an event that largely ended the group's activities.

Notable members and associates

Other works exhibited

Literature

  • Exposition d'art contemporain (Société normande de peinture moderne) 2eme exposition, Galerie d'art ancien & d'art contemporain, 1911
  • The Société Normande de Peinture Moderne, Christina Stuart Ross Southam - 1970
  • Fernand Léger: [Exposición] The Museum of Modern Art, New York, Carolyn Lanchner - 1998
  • Cubism and Its Histories, David Cottington - 2004
  • Les Fauves: A Sourcebook, Russell T. Clement - 1994
  • Ruptures, continuités, Yves Vadé - 2000
  • Architecture and Cubism, Eve Blau, Nancy J. Troy - 2002
  • Women in Dada: Essays on Sex, Gender, and Identity, Naomi Sawelson-Gorse - 2001
  • Marcel Duchamp, Caroline Cros - 2006
  • Movement, Manifesto, Melee: The Modernist Group, 1910-1914, Milton A. Cohen - 2004
  • Fernand Léger 1911-1924: the rhythm of modern life, Dorothy M. Kosinski, Christoph Asendorf - 1994
  • Marcel Duchamp: Appearance Stripped Bare, Octavio Paz - 1990
  • Marcel Duchamp, respirateur, Kornelia von Berswordt-Wallrabe, Staatliches Museum Schwerin - 1999
  • Marcel Duchamp: Plan pour écrire une vie de Marcel Duchamp, Jennifer Gough-Cooper, Jacques Caumont, Musée national d'art moderne (France) - 1977
  • Retrospective 1886-1943: Robert-A. Pinchon, Issue 1, B. Du Chatenet - 1971
  • Une ville pour l'impressionnisme: Monet, Pissarro et Gauguin... Laurent Salomé - 2010
  • Jacques Villon: exposition, Musée des beaux-arts, Rouen, 14... Hélène Lassalle, Jacques Villon, Rouen (France). Musée des beaux arts - 1975
  • A Cubism Reader: Documents and Criticism, 1906-1914, Mark Antliff, Patricia Dee Leighten - 2008
  • Répertoire d'art et d'archéologie, 1969
  • Cubism in the Shadow of War: The Avant-garde and Politics in Paris 1905-1914, David Cottington - 1998
  • Léger: Biographical and Critical Study, Robert L. Delevoy - 1962
  • Tempus fugit, time flies, Jan Schall, Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art - 2000
  • From Van Gogh to Picasso, from Kandinsky to Pollock: Masterpieces of Modern Art, Thomas Krens, Germano Celant, Lisa Dennison - 1990
  • I primi passi di Gertrude Stein: Three lives... Emanuela Gutkowski - 2004
  • Handbook, the Peggy Guggenheim Collection, 1983
  • From Picasso to Pollock: Modern Art from the Guggenheim Museum, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum - 2003
  • Painters of the Section D'Or: The Alternatives to Cubism, Albright-Knox Art Gallery - 1967
  • Orphism: the evolution of non-figurative painting in Paris, 1910-1914, Virginia Spate - 1979
  • Las vanguardias artísticas en España, 1909-1936, Jaime Brihuega - 1981
  • L'Euphorie: Arts plastiques- Cinéma- Philosophie, 2000
  • The Popular Culture of Modern Art: Picasso, Duchamp, and Avant-gardism, Jeffrey S. Weiss - 1994
  • Theodore Earl Butler: Emergence from Monet's Shadow, Richard H. Love - 1985
  • A. Dunoyer de Segonzac, Anne Distel - 1980
  • The Cubist Painters, Guillaume Apollinaire, Peter Read - 2004
  • Cubism, José Pierre - 1969

References

  1. ^ a b c d e François Lespinasse, Robert Antoine Pinchon: 1886–1943, 1990, repr. Rouen: Association les amis de l'École de Rouen, 2007, ISBN 9782906130036 (French)
  2. ^ a b Edition du Groupe des XXX (trente), Paris, Rouen, December 1907
  3. ^ Une ville pour l’impressionnisme, Monet, Pissarro et Gauguin à Rouen, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Rouen, 2010 (French) (pdf)
  4. ^ a b Alain Garric, Robert Antoine Pinchon, geneanet.org (French)
  5. ^ Almanach pour 1908, Edition du Groupe des XXX (trente), PARIS, ROUEN, décembre 1907
  6. ^ , Éditions André Roussard, Galerie Roussard, 12 rue du Mont Cenis, 75018 ParisPierre Dumont (1884-1936)
  7. ^ latelierdutemps.com
  8. ^ List of Artists in the François Depeaux collection, francois-depeaux.fr
  9. ^ a b c d e Mark Antliff and Patricia Leighten, A Cubism Reader, Documents and Criticism, 1906-1914, The University of Chicago Press, 2008
  10. ^ a b c d e f Société Normande de Peinture Moderne, Kubisme.info
  11. ^ , Francis M. Naumann, Oxford University Press, 2011Marcel Duchamp, 1. Life and workMuseum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York,
  12. ^ The History and Chronology of Cubism, p. 5
  13. ^ a b On "Cubism", (6) Some loose ends, Jacques VillonPeter Brooke,

Further reading

  • La Section d'or, 1912-1920-1925, Cécile Debray, Françoise Lucbert, Musées de Châteauroux, Musée Fabre, exhibition catalogue, Éditions Cercle d'art, Paris, 2000.
  • Alfred H. Barr, Jr., Cubism and Abstract Art, New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1936.
  • John Golding, Cubism: A History and an Analysis, 1907-1914, New York: Wittenborn, 1959.
  • Richardson, John. A Life Of Picasso, The Cubist Rebel 1907-1916. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1991. ISBN 978-0-307-26665-1

External links

  • Exhibit catalog for Salon de "La Section d'Or", 1912. Walter Pach papers, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.