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2015 Île-de-France attacks

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2015 Île-de-France attacks

Tribute at Charlie Hebdo
Tribute at Porte de Vincennes
Île-de-France attacks
Location Charlie Hebdo shooting: 10 Rue Nicolas-Appert, 11th arrondissement of Paris, France[1]
Dammartin-en-Goële hostage crisis: Dammartin-en-Goële, France
Fontenay-aux-Roses shooting: Fontenay-aux-Roses, France
Montrouge shooting: Corner of Avenue Pierre Brossolette and Avenue de la Paix in Montrouge, France
Porte de Vincennes siege: Hypercacher kosher supermarket in Porte de Vincennes, Paris, France
Date 7 January 2015 (2015-01-07) 11:30 CET –9 January 2015 (2015-01-09) 18:35 CET (UTC+01:00)
Target Charlie Hebdo employees, police officers, and citizens in and around Paris
Attack type
Mass shooting, terrorism, hostage crisis
Weapons
Deaths

20 total:

  • 8 employees, 2 police officers, and 2 others at Charlie Hebdo shooting
  • 1 police officer at Montrouge shooting
  • 2 gunmen at Dammartin-en-Goële hostage crisis
  • 4 hostages and 1 gunman at Porte de Vincennes siege
Non-fatal injuries

22 total:

  • 11 people at Charlie Hebdo shooting
  • 1 civilian at Fontenay-aux-Roses shooting
  • 1 bystander at Montrouge shooting
  • 6 hostages and 3 police officers at Porte de Vincennes siege
Perpetrators Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula[5]
Assailants Saïd and Chérif Kouachi,[6][7] Amedy Coulibaly

From 11:30 CET on 7 January to 18:35 CET on 9 January 2015, a series of five terrorist attacks occurred across the Île-de-France region, particularly in Paris. The attacks killed a total of 17 people, in addition to the three perpetrators,[8][9] and wounded 22 others, some of whom are in critical condition as of 16 January 2015. A fifth shooting attack did not result in any fatalities. The group that claims responsibility for the attacks, Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, claimed that the attack had been planned for years ahead.[10]

The attacks began on 7 January, when two gunmen

  1. ^ "En images: à 11 h 30, des hommes armés ouvrent le feu rue Nicolas-Appert". Le Monde. 7 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Helene Fouquet (7 January 2015). "Paris Killings Show Rise of Banned French ‘Weapons of War’". Bloomberg. 
  3. ^ Withnall, Adam; Lichfield, John (7 January 2015). "Charlie Hebdo shooting: At least 12 killed as shots fired at satirical magazine's Paris office". The Independent (London). Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  4. ^ a b "Charlie Hebdo shooting: Amedy Coulibaly linked to attack on jogger after magazine massacre".  
  5. ^ "Al Qaeda claims French attack, derides Paris rally". Reuters. 14 January 2015. Retrieved 14 January 2015. 
  6. ^ Newton, Jennifer (9 January 2015). "Yemen branch of al-Qaeda claim they directed attack on office of Charlie Hebdo as kosher grocery store killer said he was fighting for the Islamic State and wanted to kill Jews". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  7. ^ Burrows, Thomas (9 January 2015). "‘I am a defender of the prophet… journalists are not civilians, but targets’: Chilling boast of terrorists responsible for Charlie Hebdo massacre and carnage in kosher grocery". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "French security forces kill gunmen, end terror rampage". 9 January 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  9. ^ "French security forces kill gunmen to end terror rampage; 20 dead in 3 days of violence". 9 January 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  10. ^ "Al Qaeda branch claims Charlie Hebdo attack was years in the making". CNN. 15 January 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  11. ^ "EN DIRECT. Porte de Vincennes: 5 personnes retenues en otage dans une épicerie casher". Le Parisien. 9 January 2015. 
  12. ^ "EN DIRECT – Les frères Kouachi et le tireur de Montrouge abattus simultanément". Le Figaro. 
  13. ^ "Quatre otages tués à Paris dans une supérette casher". Libération. 9 January 2015. 
  14. ^ Matthew Weaver. "Charlie Hebdo attack: French officials establish link between gunmen in both attacks — live". the Guardian. Retrieved 10 January 2015. 
  15. ^ BFMTV. "Hayat Boumeddiene, la femme la plus recherchée de France". 
  16. ^ Pech, Marie-Estelle (7 January 2015). "L'attentat le plus meurtrier depuis Vitry-Le-François en 1961". Le Figaro. Retrieved 7 January 2015. 
  17. ^ Mulholland, Rory (21 December 2014). "French knife attacker Bertrand Nzohabonayo was Islamic convert".  
  18. ^ "France Dijon: Driver targets city pedestrians".  
  19. ^ Samuel, Henry (22 December 2014). "Man rams van into Christmas market in western France".  
  20. ^ "France to deploy soldiers after spate of attacks".  
  21. ^ Pech (7 January 2015). "Charlie Hebdo Shooting: 12 Dead, 5 Critically Injured After 'Terrorist Attack' On Paris Magazine HQ". International Business Times. 
  22. ^ [2]
  23. ^ Ce que l'on sait de l'agression d'un joggeur à Fontenay-aux-Roses – Le Monde – Emeline Cazi – 11 January 2014
  24. ^ "Paris gunman Amedy Coulibaly declared allegiance to Isis".  
  25. ^ J'ai vécu un moment incroyable" : le récit du gérant de l'imprimerie, otage des frères Kouachi""". Figaro.fr. 
  26. ^ "Charlie Hebdo attack: Manhunt – live reporting". BBC News. 9 January 2015. 
  27. ^ "DIRECT – Porte de Vincennes: plusieurs otages, au moins deux morts". MidiLibre.fr. 
  28. ^ "Paris shooting: Armed man takes hostages in Paris kosher store".  
  29. ^ Amedy Coulibaly Dead: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know,'
  30. ^ "Paris hostage situation ends with gunman dead".  
  31. ^ "Who Is Amedy Coulibaly? Paris Kosher Deli Gunman Once Worked For Coca-Cola, Was Close With Kouachi Brothers".  
  32. ^ Lassana Bathily: the Paris kosher supermarket hero The Guardian, 11 January 2015
  33. ^ Rob Price (9 Jan 2015). "An ISIS Supporter Is Hacking Into French Websites And Posting Anti-Charlie Hebdo Messages". Business Insider. 
  34. ^ "North African hackers infiltrate 100s of French websites". Middle East Eye. 13 Jan 2015. 
  35. ^ Johnlee Varghese (13 Jan 2015). "Hackers Target Websites of French Govt, Schools, Universities, Companies". International Business Times. 
  36. ^ "France hit by unprecedented wave of cyber attacks". CBS News. 15 Jan 2015. 
  37. ^ "Charlie Hebdo"Les actes anti-musulmans se multiplient depuis l'attaque de .  
  38. ^ "Attacks Reported At French Mosques in Wake of Charlie Hebdo Massacre". NBC News. 2015-01-08. Retrieved 14 January 2015. 
  39. ^ Crone, Jack (2015-01-08). "Revenge attacks and retaliation begin: Mosques come under fire with guns and 'grenades' in France… and kebab shop near another Muslim temple is blown up".  
  40. ^ "Mosques Attacked In Wake Of Charlie Hebdo Shooting". The Huffington Post. 2015-01-09. Retrieved 14 January 2015. 
  41. ^ "'"French magazine attack set to deepen Europe's 'culture war. Reuters. 2015-01-08. Retrieved 2015-01-14. 
  42. ^ "Don’t let extremists curtail European democracy". 2015-01-08. Retrieved 2015-01-14. 
  43. ^ Patrick Donahue (8 January 2015). "Paris Killings Seen Fueling Europe’s Anti-Islam Movements". Bloomberg. Retrieved 14 January 2015. 
  44. ^ Oren Dorell, USA TODAY (8 January 2015). "Paris attack heightens European tensions with Muslims". USA Today. Retrieved 14 January 2015. 
  45. ^ "Mosques Attacked In Wake Of Charlie Hebdo Shooting". The Huffington Post. 8 January 2015. 
  46. ^ Jack Crone and Jenny Stanton (8 January 2015). "Revenge attacks and retaliation begin: Mosques come under fire with guns and 'grenades' in France... and kebab shop near another Muslim temple is blown up". Daily Mail (London). 

References

  1. ^ Killing outcomes
    • lefigaro.fr[12]
    • liberation.fr[13]
    • theguardian.com[14]
  2. ^ Incidents like attacks, threats and insults on mosques
    • nbcnews.com: "mosque in Le Mans … found an exploded grenade inside the mosque … a mosque in Port-la-Nouvelle … reported shots fired at a prayer room from the outside "[38]
    • dailymail.co.uk : "Three suspected revenge attacks took place across France in early hours following massacre yesterday" [39]
    • huffingtonpost.com: "Two Muslim places of worship and a restaurant affiliated to another mosque were attacked Wednesday evening and Thursday morning local time. Three grenades were thrown at a mosque in Le Mans, west of Paris, and a bullet hole was found in one of the mosque's windows, AFP reported."[40]
    • reuters.com "In what justice officials said looked like revenge attacks, shots were fired overnight at a mosque in the western city of Le Mans".[41]
    • aljazeera.com: Mentions earlier attacks on Mosques before the shooting at Charlie Hebdo "Mosques have been burned in France, Sweden and Belgium, among other places." [42]
    • bloomberg.com: speculations that the terror attack at Charlie Hebdo will give a surge in attacks on muslims.[43]
    • usatoday.com: Speculations about higher tensions [44]

Notes

See also

In the week after the shooting, the organisation "L'Observatoire contre l'islamophobie du Conseil français du culte musulman (CFCM)" called for strengthening of the surveillance of mosques, and the French interior department has reported that there where 54 anti-Muslim incidents were reported in France in one week after the shootings, compared to 110 complaints in the first nine months of 2014. These included 21 reports of shootings and blank grenade throwing at Islamic buildings including mosques, and 33 cases of threats and insults.[37][2] Three blank grenades were thrown at a mosque in Le Mans, west of Paris, and a bullet hole was found in its windows. A Muslim prayer hall in the Port-la-Nouvelle was also fired at. There was an explosion at a restaurant affiliated to a mosque in Villefranche-sur-Saone. No casualties were reported.[45][46]

Incidents at mosques

French media have reported that hackers breached the security of French municipality websites during the Île-de-France attacks, changing them to display jihadist propaganda.[33] The French Defense Ministry and security bodies have reported that about 19,000 French websites have been targeted by an unprecedented wave of denial-of-service attacks following the publication of Charlie Hebdo with a depiction of Muhammad on the cover.[34][35] The websites of French businesses, religious groups, universities and municipalities have also been altered to display pro-Islamist messages.[36]

Cyber attacks

Other incidents

Police stormed the grocery store and gunned down Coulibaly.[29] Fifteen hostages were rescued.[30] Several people were wounded during the incident.[31] Lassana Bathily, a Muslim shop assistant born in Mali, was hailed as a hero in the crisis for risking his life to hide people from the gunman in a downstairs refrigerator room and assisting police after his escape.[32]

The Hypercacher kosher supermarket after the attack.

Also on 9 January, Coulibaly, armed with a Škorpion vz. 61 submachine gun, a vz. 58 assault rifle, and two Russian-made Tokarev pistols, entered a Hypercacher kosher supermarket at Porte de Vincennes in east Paris. He killed four people and took several hostages.[26] He had a female accomplice, speculated to be his wife, Hayat Boumeddiene.[27] Coulibaly was reportedly in contact with the Kouachi brothers as the sieges progressed, and told police that he would kill hostages if the brothers were harmed.[28]

Porte de Vincennes siege

Catalano returned to the building and helped one of the perpetrators who had been injured in earlier gunfire. He was allowed to leave after an hour. After this, Lepère, who was hiding in a cardboard box, alerted authorities about the incident. The siege ended after nine hours at 4:30 pm after police stormed the building and killed both assailants.[25]

On 9 January, the assailants of the Charlie Hebdo shooting, Chérif and Saïd Kouachi, went to the office of Création Tendance Découverte, a signage production company on an industrial estate in Dammartin-en-Goële. Inside the building were owner Michel Catalano and a male employee, 26-year-old graphics designer Lilian Lepère. During the siege, Lepère was told by Catalano to hide inside the refectory. Throughout the crisis, the perpetrators were unaware that Lepère was in the building. During the siege, a salesman named Didier went to the building on business, and Catalano left his office which he had been hiding in. Both were confronted by the perpetrators and asked to leave. Didier realized that they were terrorists and went to alert the authorities.

Dammartin-en-Goële hostage crisis

On 8 January, Coulibaly shot and killed municipal police officer Clarissa Jean-Philippe at the junction of Avenue Pierre Brossolette and Avenue de la Paix in Montrouge (a suburb of Paris), and critically wounded a street sweeper.[4][24]

On 7 January, a few hours after the Charlie Hebdo attack, a third assailant in the attacks, Amedy Coulibaly, shot a 32-year-old man who was out jogging in Fontenay-aux-Roses, in a park next to Coulibaly's home.[22] The man suffered injuries to his arm and back and as of 11 January was in critical condition. Five shell casings were found at the scene. Coulibaly was linked to this shooting after the shell casings were compared to shell casings found at the Porte de Vincennes hostage crisis.[23]

Fontenay-aux-Roses and Montrouge shootings

The first and deadliest of the attacks occurred at 11:30 CET on 7 January 2015 at the Charlie Hebdo offices; a satirical magazine facility. Two gunmen, identified as Chérif and Saïd Kouachi, entered the building and fatally shot eight employees, two police officers, and two others, and injured eleven other people.[21] The perpetrators fled the scene following the shooting. The primary motive behind the shooting is said to be the Charlie Hebdo cartoons making fun of numerous Islamic leaders. The shooting received widespread condemnation internationally and a National Day of Mourning was held in France on 8 January.

Police officers, emergency vehicles, and journalists at the scene two hours after the shooting at Charlie Hebdo

Charlie Hebdo shooting

Attacks

In December 2014, three attacks occurred in a span of three days. The first attack occurred in Joué-lès-Tours, in which a knife-wielding man attacked a police office, injuring three officers before being killed.[17] The second attack occurred in Dijon, in which a man used a vehicle to run over eleven pedestrians in several areas of the city before being arrested.[18] The third attack occurred in Nantes, in which a second vehicular attack at a Christmas market left ten people injured, one of them fatally, while the driver was arrested after attempting suicide.[19] Although all three attacks were deemed unrelated with one another, the French government heightened the nation's security and deployed 300 soldiers to patrol the nation's streets.[20]

Background

Contents

  • Background 1
  • Attacks 2
    • Charlie Hebdo shooting 2.1
    • Fontenay-aux-Roses and Montrouge shootings 2.2
    • Dammartin-en-Goële hostage crisis 2.3
    • Porte de Vincennes siege 2.4
  • Other incidents 3
    • Cyber attacks 3.1
    • Incidents at mosques 3.2
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6

[16]

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