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Ağrı Province

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Title: Ağrı Province  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Provinces of Turkey, Agri, List of cities in Turkey, Diyadin, Doğubeyazıt
Collection: Ağrı Province, Eastern Anatolia Region, Provinces of Turkey, Turkish Kurdistan
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Ağrı Province


The Ağrı Province (, ) is a province in eastern Turkey, bordering Iran to the east, Kars to the North, Erzurum to the Northwest, Muş and Bitlis to the Southwest, Van to the south, and Iğdır to the northeast. Area 11,376 km². Population 542,022 (2010 est).

The provincial capital is Ağrı, situated on a 1,650 m. high plateau.

Districts

Districts of Ağrı Province

Ağrı province is divided into 8 districts (capital district in bold):

Geography

Ağrı is named after the nearby majestic Azerbaijan. The nearest town to the mountain is Doğubeyazıt.

46% of the province is mountainous, 29% is plain, 18% is plateau, and 7% high meadow. As well as Ararat there are many other peaks over 3,000m, including Aladağlar and Tendürek. The plains are fertile, being covered in volcanic deposits, and are used for growing grains and grazing. Various tributaries of the Murat River (which later feeds the Euphrates) flow through the area and water these plains. The high meadows are used for grazing.

The weather here is very cold (temperatures as low as -10°C (14°F) in winter) and the mountainsides are mainly bare. There are a number of important passes and routes through the mountains.

History

The plateau of Ağrı was controlled by the Mongols, Persians, and finally by the Seljuq and Ottoman Turks.

The first Muslims in the area were the Abbasids in 872. The Turkish tribes began to pass through in huge numbers following the defeat of the Byzantine armies at Malazgirt in 1071, sometimes pursued by Mongols. The land was brought into the Ottoman Empire by Sultan Selim I following the Battle of Chaldiran. The region retained a large Armenian population until the Armenian Genocide of 1915.

Recent events

On August 19, 2006, a Tabriz–Ankara gas pipeline exploded in the province. Turkish authorities suspect separatist PKK was behind the incident.[1]

Ağrı today

The economy is mainly agricultural. People also live by grazing animals and Ağrı also attracts tourists to the mountain, for climbing and trekking in summers, and skiing in winters; and also some are keen to see places of interest such as:

References

External links

  • the provincial governorate
  • (English) Ağrı Weather Forecast Information
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