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Title: Agnita  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Sibiu County, Bernd Fabritius, German exonyms (Transylvania), List of Transylvanian Saxon localities, Cristian, Sibiu
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Saxon Fortified Church in Agnita
Saxon Fortified Church in Agnita
Coat of arms of Agnita
Coat of arms
Location of Agnita
Location of Agnita
Agnita is located in Romania
Location of Agnita
Country  Romania
County Sibiu County
Status Town
 • Mayor Radu Crucean (People's Action)
 • Total 96.2 km2 (37.1 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 8,300
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Agnita (Romanian pronunciation: ; German: Agnetheln; Hungarian: Szentágota; Transylvanian Saxon dialect: Ongenîtlen) is a town on the Hârtibaciu river in Sibiu County, Transylvania, central Romania. It is considered the locality in the center of the country. The town administers two villages, Coveş (Käbisch; Ágotakövesd) and Ruja (Roseln; Rozsonda).


The population was 8,300 at the 2011 census, of which 94.2% were Romanians, 2.9% Hungarians, 1.5% Roma and 1% Germans.


The first document mentioning it is a land sale contract signed in 1280 by one Henric from Sancta Agatha. In 1376, Louis I of Hungary granted to the village the right to hold a market. In 1466, Matthias Corvinus granted to the village the right to carry trials (jus gladi) and built a fortress to defend the Kingdom of Hungary from the Ottoman Empire.

Agnita, mentioned for the first time in a document from 1280, is a town with traditional crafts, famous for the old guilds of tanners, shoemakers, tailors, coopers and potters, with semi-rural economy. Here is one of the oldest peasant fortification in Transylvania. Initiated in the thirteenth century, it was amplified successively came to be in the seventeenth century, three fortified enclosure with towers. The city center is a church-hall with three ships (naves with stands) and turn west (XV around the year 1409). In turn strengthened the church has undergone many transformations. The four towers of the fortified church - the shoemakers, tailors, blacksmiths and coopers - demonstrates the economic strength of these guilds, and were assigned to the defense that those portions of the wall in case of armed conflict. City Museum has a substantial collection of medieval art (Gothic chests, architecture, sculpture, ceramics, etc.). King of Hungary, Louis of Anjou, conferred Agnita (our villa Zenthagata) since 1376, the right to hold annual fair on 24 June (day of St. John). Subsequently, this right is extended the other two fairs. In 1466, Hungarian king granted the town Agnita right "ius Gladiator", i.e. the right to decide and execute the death sentence. In the same year, the village is allowed to keep half of the contingent settlement of royal troops to defend their own city to the church from falling into foreign hands, since it was near the frontier into Wallachia. Until 1950, when the city was declared, was a common Agnita fair (Marktgemeinde). Sibiu narrow gauge rail-Agnita is the historical monuments in Romania.

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