World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ali Hassan Mwinyi

Ali Hassan Mwinyi
Ali Hassan mwiniyis Success in 1985 elections
2nd President of Tanzania
In office
5 November 1985 – 23 November 1995
Prime Minister Joseph Warioba (1985–90)
John Malecela (1990–94)
Cleopa Msuya (1994–95)
Preceded by Julius Nyerere
Succeeded by Benjamin Mkapa
3rd President of Zanzibar
In office
30 January 1984 – 24 October 1985
Preceded by Aboud Jumbe
Succeeded by Idris Abdul Wakil
Personal details
Born (1925-05-08) 8 May 1925
Kivure, Pwani Region, Tanzania
Nationality Tanzanian
Political party CCM
Spouse(s) Siti Mwinyi (m. 1960)
Relations Hussein Mwinyi (son)
Children 12
Religion Islam
Nickname(s) Mzee Ruksa

Ali Hassan Mwinyi (born May 8, 1925 in Kivure, Pwani Region, Tanzania) is a Tanzanian politician.[1] He was the second President of the United Republic of Tanzania from 1985 to 1995.[1] Previous posts include Interior Minister and Vice President.[1] He also was chairman of the ruling party, the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) from 1990 to 1996.[1]


  • Presidency 1
  • Personal life 2
  • Honours and awards 3
    • Honours 3.1
    • Honorary degrees 3.2
  • Legacy 4
    • Eponyms 4.1
  • References 5


During Mwinyi's terms Tanzania took the first steps to reverse the socialist policies of Julius Nyerere. [2] He relaxed import restrictions and encouraged private enterprise. It was during his second term that multi-party politics were introduced under pressure from foreign donors. Often referred to as Mzee Rukhsa ("Everything goes"), he pushed for liberalization of morals, beliefs, values (without breaking the law) and the economy. He put these beliefs into practice by opposing religious fundamentalists who burned down pork butcheries; these were fanatics who claimed that eating pork contradicted their beliefs. He insisted that Tanzania was a free country and that individual freedom of beliefs was important. [3] Many argue that during Mwinyi's tenure the country was in transition from the failed socialist orientation of Julius Nyerere that brought its economy to its knees. It was during Mwinyi's administration that Tanzania made some of the crucial decisions towards the liberalization of its economy that paved the way for short-term economic growth .

Personal life

Mwinyi married Sitti in 1960 and has six sons and six daughters. In retirement, Mwinyi has stayed out of the limelight and continues to live in Dar es Salaam.[1]

Honours and awards


Order Country Year
Order of Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere  Tanzania 2011

Honorary degrees

University Country Degree Year
The Open University of Tanzania  Tanzania Doctor of Letters 2012[4]
The East African University  Kenya Doctor of Philosophy in Business Management 2013[5]




  1. ^ a b c d e Europa Publications (2003). The International Who's Who 2004.  
  2. ^ Brennan, James R.; Burton, Andrew (2007). Dar es Salaam: histories from an emerging African metropolis. African Books Collective. p. 252.  
  3. ^ Cowen, Michael; Laakso, Liisa (2002). Multi-party elections in Africa.  
  4. ^ "Why OUT awarded Mzee Ruksa a honorary degree".  
  5. ^ "Former President Mwinyi conferred with PhD". 2 June 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2014. 

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.