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Art Shell

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Title: Art Shell  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Oakland Raiders, Super Bowl XV, Super Bowl XI, Dave Dalby, Super Bowl XVIII
Collection: 1946 Births, African-American Coaches of American Football, African-American Players of American Football, American Conference Pro Bowl Players, American Football League All-Star Players, American Football Offensive Tackles, Atlanta Falcons Coaches, College Football Hall of Fame Inductees, Kansas City Chiefs Coaches, Living People, Los Angeles Raiders Coaches, Los Angeles Raiders Head Coaches, Los Angeles Raiders Players, Maryland Eastern Shore Hawks Football Players, Oakland Raiders (Afl) Players, Oakland Raiders Head Coaches, Oakland Raiders Players, People from North Charleston, South Carolina, Players of American Football from South Carolina, Pro Football Hall of Fame Inductees, Sportspeople from Charleston, South Carolina, Super Bowl Champions
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Art Shell

Art Shell
Art Shell in 2006.
No. 78
Position: Tackle
Personal information
Date of birth: (1946-11-26) November 26, 1946
Place of birth: Charleston, South Carolina
Weight: 265 lb (120 kg)
Career information
High school: North Charleston (SC) Bonds-Wilson
College: Maryland State
NFL draft: 1968 / Round: 3 / Pick: 80
Career history
As player:
As coach:
Career highlights and awards
Career NFL statistics
Games played: 207
Games started: 155
Coaching record: 56–52
Stats at
Coaching stats at
Pro Football Hall of Fame
College Football Hall of Fame

Arthur Lee "Art" Shell, Jr.[1][2] (born November 26, 1946) is an American former collegiate and professional football player in the American Football League and later in the NFL, a Hall of Fame offensive tackle, and a two-time former head coach of the Oakland Raiders. He holds the distinction of becoming the second-ever African American head coach in the history of professional football, and the first in the sport's modern era.


  • Playing career 1
  • Coaching career 2
    • Los Angeles Raiders 2.1
    • After the Raiders 2.2
    • 2006 return to Raiders 2.3
    • Coaching tree 2.4
    • Head coaching record 2.5
    • Personal 2.6
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Playing career

Shell was drafted by the American Football League's Oakland Raiders from Maryland State College. Playing offensive tackle, Shell participated in 24 playoff contests, including Super Bowls XI and XV, and was named to eight Pro Bowls.

Shell was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1989. In 1999, he was ranked number 55 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Football Players.

Coaching career

Los Angeles Raiders

Through Al Davis, Shell is a member of the Sid Gillman coaching tree. As coach of the Raiders (at the time located in Los Angeles), Shell compiled a record of 54 wins, 38 losses, and was named AFC Coach of the Year in 1990, when the Raiders won the AFC West division with a 12-4 record, and advanced to the AFC championship game in the playoffs, becoming the first African-American coach to lead the team to the Conference Championship game. Al Davis, owner of the Raiders, fired Shell after a 9-7 season in 1994, a move Davis later called "a mistake".

After the Raiders

After leaving the Raiders, Shell went on to coaching positions with the Kansas City Chiefs and Atlanta Falcons, before serving as a senior vice president for the NFL, in charge of football operations.

2006 return to Raiders

Shell was officially re-hired by the Raiders as head coach on February 11, 2006. After leading the team to its worst record (2 wins, 14 losses) since 1963, Shell was fired for the second time as Head Coach of the Raiders on January 4, 2007.[3] Although the Raiders' defense was one of the best in the league, its anemic offense, along with a season long feud with wide receiver Jerry Porter led to the team's downfall.

Coaching tree

Shell has worked under four NFL head coaches:

Five of Shell's assistant coaches have become NFL head coaches:

  • Mike White, Oakland Raiders (1995–1996)
  • Gunther Cunningham, Kansas City Chiefs, (1999–2000)
  • Jim Haslett, New Orleans Saints (2000–2005), St. Louis Rams (2008)
  • John Fox, Carolina Panthers (2002–2010), Denver Broncos (2011–2014), Chicago Bears (2015-present)
  • Chuck Pagano, Indianapolis Colts (2012–present)

Head coaching record

Team Year Regular Season Post Season
Won Lost Ties Win % Finish Won Lost Win % Result
LA 1989 7 5 0 .583 3rd in AFC West - - - -
LA 1990 12 4 0 .750 1st in AFC West 1 1 .500 Lost to Buffalo Bills in AFC Championship Game.
LA 1991 9 7 0 .563 3rd in AFC West 0 1 .000 Lost to Kansas City Chiefs in AFC Wild-Card Game.
LA 1992 7 9 0 .438 4th in AFC West - - - -
LA 1993 10 6 0 .625 2nd in AFC West 1 1 .500 Lost to Buffalo Bills in AFC Divisional Game.
LA 1994 9 7 0 .563 3rd in AFC West - - - -
OAK 2006 2 14 0 .125 4th in AFC West - - - -
Raiders' Total 56 52 0 .518 2 3 .400
Total[4] 56 52 0 .518 2 3 .400


Shell attended Bonds-Wilson High School in North Charleston, South Carolina. The school is no longer in existence. Shell is an alumnus of Maryland State College, now known as The University of Maryland Eastern Shore, located in Princess Anne, Maryland. Shell is a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. In 2013 he was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame. He hosts an annual celebrity golf tournament.

Art Shell is the great uncle of Brandon Shell who was a highly touted recruit out of high school who now plays offensive lineman for the South Carolina Gamecocks football team.

See also


  1. ^ "Brother Art Shell elected to the NFL Hall of Fame". The Sphinx. Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. Spring 1989. p. 19. Retrieved August 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ Cullen, Rick (January 8, 1977). "The spotlight for Art Shell". Salisbury Daily Times. p. 18. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ Art Shell NFL Record, Statistics, and Category Ranks -

External links

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