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Baby boom

 

Baby boom

A baby boom is any period marked by a greatly increased birth rate. This demographic phenomenon is usually ascribed within certain geographical bounds. People born during such a period are often called baby boomers; however, some experts distinguish between those born during such demographic baby booms and those who identify with the overlapping cultural generations. Conventional wisdom states that baby booms signify good times and periods of general economic growth and stability; however in circumstances where baby booms lead to very large number of children per family unit, such as in the case in lower income regions of the world, the outcome may be different. One common baby boom was right after WWII during the Cold War.

Contents

  • Africa 1
  • France 2
  • Romania 3
  • United States 4
  • See also 5
  • Notes 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8

Africa

The HIV/AIDS crisis in Africa has contributed locally to a population boom. Aid money used for contraceptives has been diverted over the past two decades into fighting HIV, with the number of babies born far outstripping the deaths from AIDS.[1]

France

France experienced a baby boom after 1945; it reversed a long-term record of low birth rates.[2] The sense that the population was too small, especially in regard to more powerful Germany, was a common theme in the early twentieth century . Put in a list policies were proposed in the 1930s, and implemented in the 1940s.[3][4]

In addition, there was a steady immigration, especially from former French colonies in North Africa. The population grew from 41 million in 1946, to 50 million in 1966, and 60 million by 1990. The farm population decline sharply, from 35% of the workforce in 1945 to under 5% by 2000. By 2004, France had the second highest birthrate in Europe, behind only Ireland. [5][6]

Romania

  • Decreţei: (1967-1989), A baby boom in Romania caused by a ban on abortion and contraception.

United States

The term "baby boom" most often refers to the post–World War II baby boom (1946–1964) when the number of annual births exceeded 2 per 100 women (or approximately 1% of the total population size). There are an estimated 78.3 million Americans who were born during this demographic boom in births.[7] The term is a general demographic and is also applicable to other similar population expansions.
United States birth rate (births per 1000 population per year).[8] The United States Census Bureau defines the demographic birth boom as between 1946 and 1964[9] (red).

Recent baby boom periods include the following:

See also

Notes

  1. ^
  2. ^ Leslie King, "'France needs children'" Sociological Quarterly (1998) 39#1 pp: 33-52.
  3. ^ Marie-Monique Huss, "Pronatalism in the inter-war period in France." Journal of Contemporary History (1990) 25#1 pp: 39-68.in JSTOR
  4. ^ Colin L. Dyer, Population and Society in 20th Century France (1978)
  5. ^ Colin Jones, Paris: Biography of a City (2004) p 438
  6. ^ Gilles Pison, "La population de la France en 2005," Population et Sociétés (March 2006) #421 Online
  7. ^
  8. ^ CDC Bottom of this page http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/vsus.htm "Vital Statistics of the United States, 2003, Volume I, Natality", Table 1-1 "Live births, birth rates, and fertility rates, by race: United States, 1909-2003."
  9. ^ U.S. Census Bureau — Oldest Boomers Turn 60 (2006)
  10. ^
  11. ^

Further reading

  • THE NEXT FOUR DECADES - The Older Population in the United States: 2010 to 2050 U.S. Census Bureau

External links

  • Birth and other medical data from CDC
  • Births per year from the CDC
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