World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Backworth

Article Id: WHEBN0002630294
Reproduction Date:

Title: Backworth  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Billy Bell (footballer), Tyne and Wear, Charles Edward Grey, Northumberland Park Metro station, Villages in Tyne and Wear
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Backworth

Backworth
Backworth is located in Tyne and Wear
Backworth
 Backworth shown within Tyne and Wear
Population 1,500 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference
Metropolitan borough North Tyneside
Metropolitan county Tyne and Wear
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE
Postcode district NE27
Dialling code 0191
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament North Tyneside
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear

Backworth is a village in the metropolitan borough of North Tyneside in the county of Tyne and Wear, England, about 3 12 miles (6 km) west of Whitley Bay on the north east coast. It lies 5 miles (8 km) northeast of Newcastle and 10 miles (16 km) north northwest of Sunderland. Other nearby towns include North Shields to the southeast, Wallsend to the south, and Cramlington to the northwest.

Backworth is often recognised to include, Backworth Village, Moorside Estate and Castle Park Estate.

The hamlets of West Holywell and East Holywell lie to the northeast of Backworth. Shiremoor lies to the South-East and Earsdon to the East.

Contents

  • The Village 1
  • History 2
    • Backworth Manor 2.1
    • West Backworth Village 2.2
    • Backworth Roman Hoard 2.3
    • 19th century onwards 2.4
  • New Developments 3
  • Music 4
  • Sport 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

The Village

The original part of Backworth is commonly referred to as the village. It is home to several cottages dating back to the 19th Century. There is also a church, Village Hall, a post office, Chinese take-away, two convenience stores, barber shop and Poodle parlour.

History

Backworth Manor

In an assessment-roll of 1292 Backworth is included as one of the ten manors belonging to Tynemouth Priory. "Though Preston, Monkseaton, Backworth and Flatworth do not appear in the record of 1264, corroborative evidence of their manorial character is found in their possessing halls, while Flatworth, Backworth and Monkseaton had separate demesnes...". There is insufficient information available, however, with which either to locate the manor, or to describe it. Without further documentary research it is unknown whether it was associated with farm buildings, or whether it was located near the present Backworth Hall.[1]

West Backworth Village

It seems that there were certainly two Backworths in 1189 when

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

External links

  1. ^ << HER 747 >> H. H. E. Craster, 1907, Northumberland County History, VIII, 221
  2. ^ << HER 790 >>William Sidney Gibson, 1846, The History of the Monastery at Tynemouth, I, 61, 127, 153; II (1847), cxii-cxiv H. H. E. Craster, ed. 1909, Northumberland County History, IX, 25-43 C. M. Fraser, ed.
  3. ^ Lay Subsidy Roll of 1296, Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne, 99-100 S. Wrathmell, 1975
  4. ^ Deserted village of South Northumberland, University of Cardiff Unpublished PhD thesis, II, 295 Aerial Photograph, RAF 1956, 13 March, F22 540/RAF/1792, 0035-0036
  5. ^ << HER 744 >> J.C. Bruce, 1875, Lapidarium Septentrionale, pp. 272-3, no. 535-6
  6. ^ R.A. Smith, 1922, A Guide to the Antiquities of Roman Britain, pp. 54, 55, 62, 63, 68
  7. ^ S.S. Frere, & R.S.O. Tomlin, ed. Instrumentum Domesticum Fasc., Museum of Antiquities Roman Inscriptions of Britain, 2, 2414.36 pp. 40-1; Fasc. 3, 2422.9 p. 17
  8. ^ F. Haverfield in H.H.E. Craster, ed. 1909, Note on the Backworth Find, Northumberland County History, IX, 26-32 Archaeologia Aeliana, Bell,1, I, 167]
  9. ^ Backworth Miners' Welfare

References

Backworth is also home to Backworth Golf Course, the only 9-hole course in the area. Before people played golf there it was the Miners' Welfare Hall.[9] Backworth has a ten hole parkland golf course for both members and visitors alike. At 5800 yards, Backworth Golf Course is a par 71 with a SSS of 68. The course record stands at 66, an indication that the course is no pushover. The well-defended greens are small targets requiring a very good short game to put together a good score.

Backworth is home to Backworth Cricket Club, that plays in Northumberland and Tyneside senior league.

Sport

Backworth is home to two traditional British brass bands - the Backworth Colliery Band and Junior Band. The Backworth Male Voice Choir rehearse in nearby Cullercoats.

Music

In recent years Backworth has been subjected to substantial residential development alongside the A19 corridor. The new Northumberland Park Metro Station is centre of a new residential area between Backworth and Shiremoor and West Allotment. A new Sainsbury's store was opened on 15 February.

New Developments

When the Metro rapid transit system replaced the British Rail passenger line through Backworth in 1980, Backworth Station had the distinction of being the only stop on the network to be closed due to lack of custom. The test track for the Metro was built at Middle Engine Lane (named after one of the stationary haulage engines used before the introduction of locomotives in the mid-19th century) on the former line from the colliery to the staithes, and is now home to the North Tyneside Steam Railway.

In 1980, Backworth's last pit, Eccles Colliery, (the deepest in the Northumberland Coalfield at 1,440 ft) closed after 165 years of mining in the area. The concrete caps covering the backfilled shafts of the "A" pit, Maude and Eccles shafts can still be seen on the site of the colliery. Only the colliery's former workshops survived the demolition of the surface buildings. These back onto Station Road opposite the golf club, and are home to retail and light industrial units.

In the early 1970s, the railway system serving Backworth Colliery was one of the few places where steam locomotives could still be seen at work, and a number of its locomotives have been preserved at various heritage railways. Footage of the locomotives (with the colliery itself in the background) taken around this time can be seen on YouTube. A lean-to on the side of the colliery's engine shed also provided a place for the fledgling preservation movement to store locomotives rescued from elsewhere.

Backworth was a centre of coal mining through the 19th Century and much of the 20th Century. Brickmaking took place just north of the village on the site of the former 'C Pit' from the late 19th to mid 20th Century. As late as 1950, 2,905 people were employed in the collieries in and immediately around Backworth.

19th century onwards

A hoard of gold and silver objects was found in 1812, supposedly near Backworth and, according to Haverfield, was sold to a Newcastle silversmith. He resold "all, or nearly all" to Mr. J. Brumell, a Newcastle collector, from whom most of the objects passed in 1850 to the British Museum. The hoard consisted of: a silver skillet in which were a pair of silver-gilt trumpet brooches, one silver and five gold rings, one gold bracelet, two gold chains with wheel-shaped pendant, and a crescent attached, three silver spoons, another silver skillet, 280+ Roman denarii, and two first brass coins of Antoninus Pius. A white bronze mirror had served as a cover. The date of deposition is thought likely to be A.D. 140. The larger skillet and one of the gold rings each have an inscription, a dedication to the mother-goddesses. This list does not wholly accord with Haverfield's: in particular he suggests that an oval silver dish 18 inches long and 2 pieces of a silver bridle bit never reached the British Museum.[5][6][7][8]

Backworth Roman Hoard

[4][3][2]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.