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Title: Balș  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Diana Buzean, Lenka Dlhopolcová, Olt County, Anastasia Vdovenco, Gulia
Collection: Monotowns in Romania, Populated Places in Olt County, Towns in Romania
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Balș is also a commune in Iași County, see: Balș, Iași.
"Bals" redirects here. For the Japanese retails company see BALS.
Balș is located in Romania
Location of Balș
Country  Romania
County Olt County
Status Town
 • Mayor Vitalie Staicu (Social Democratic Party)
 • Total 41.13 km2 (15.88 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 18,164
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Balș (Romanian pronunciation: ) is a town in Olt County, Romania. The town administers three villages: Corbeni, Româna and Teiș.


There are three hypotheses about the town's name:

  1. The locality was named after the Balșița brook.
  2. The name comes from the Turkish word "Baliş" (honey) as there is a large apiculture area there.
  3. A boyar named Balș settled here in the 5th or 6th century.


  • 1864 - 1,700 inhabitants.
  • 1884 - 2,500 inhabitants.
  • 1921 - 5,000 inhabitants.
  • 1938 - 5,300 inhabitants.
  • 1948 - 6,128 inhabitants.
  • 1973 - 11,578 inhabitants.
  • 1992 - 24,560 inhabitants.
  • 2002 - 21,195 inhabitants.

The composition from the last census, sorted by nationality:

* 20,552 Romanians
* 619 Romani
* 27 others

The composition from the last census, sorted by religion:

* 21,043 Eastern Orthodox
* 47 Seventh-Day Adventists
* 36 Baptists
* 19 Pentecostalists
* 8 Roman-Catholics
* 5 Atheists
* 32 other religion


  • 1450 - The estimated date when Balș was established.
  • 1564 - First mention of Balș in a document

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