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Battle of Kars

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Title: Battle of Kars  
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Subject: History of Kars, Conflicts in 1877, Battle of Simnitza, Battle of Erzurum (1877), Battle of Kızıl Tepe
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Battle of Kars

Battle of Kars
Part of the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)
Date 17 November 1877
Location Kars, Ottoman Empire
Result Russian victory
 Russian Empire  Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Count Mikhail Loris-Melikoff, Lazarev Ivan Davidovich Hussein Hami Pasha,
28,000 24,000
Casualties and losses
2,273 total 2,500 killed
4,500 wounded
17,000 captured

The Battle of Kars was a decisive Russian victory over the Ottoman Empire during the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878).

In June, 1877 Russian forces attempted a siege of Kars but were driven off by an Ottoman army at the Battle of Kizil-Tepe. In November the Russian commander in the Caucasus, Grand Duke Michael, demanded the surrender of Kars but was refused. The Grand Duke sent a force under Loris-Melikoff and Lazarev Ivan Davidovich to take the city by storm. On November 17 Loris-Melikoff attacked and succeeded in capturing the eastern fortifications and cutting off the garrison under Hussein Hami Pasha. Hussein attempted to cut his way out, but he and only a few others succeeded, as much of the Ottoman army was taken prisoner. The Treaty of San Stephano officially gave Kars to Russia and it remained in Russian possession until the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk after World War I.

See also


  • Compton's Home Library: Battles of the World CD-ROM
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