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Berar Sultanate

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Title: Berar Sultanate  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Deccan sultanates, Bahadur Shah of Gujarat, Origin of Rashtrakuta Dynasty, Narnala, Mahur, Maharashtra
Collection: Berar, Deccan Sultanates, Shia Muslim Dynasties
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Berar Sultanate

Imad Shahi dynasty
Berar Sultanate
Sultanate of the Deccan

Location of Berar
Gavilgad Fort, built by Fathullah Imad-ul-Mulk of Berar (1490 – 1504)
Capital Ellichpur
 •  Deccan sultanate established 1490
 •  Conquered by Ahmednagar Sultanate 1572
Area 29,340 km2 (11,328 sq mi)

Berar was one of the Deccan sultanates. It was established in 1490 following the disintegration of the Bahmani Sultanate.[1]


  • History 1
    • Background 1.1
    • Establishment of the Berar Sultanate 1.2
      • Sultans of Berar 1.2.1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4
  • See also 5



The origin of the name Berar or Warhad (वऱ्हाड) as it is spelled in Marathi, is not known. Possibly it may be a corruption of Vidarbha, the name of a kingdom in the Deccan which is mentioned in the Mahabharata.

The first authentic records show it to have been part of the Andhra or Satavahana empire. On the fall of the Chalukyas in the 12th century, Berar came under the sway of the Yadavas of Deogiri, and remained in their possession until the Muslim invasions at the end of the 13th century. On the establishment of the Bahmani Sultanate in the Deccan (1348), Berar was constituted one of the five provinces into which their kingdom was divided, being governed by great nobles, with a separate army. The perils of this system became apparent when the province was divided (1478 or 1479) into two separate provinces, named after their capitals Gawil and Mahur. The Bahmani dynasty was, however, already tottering to its fall.

Establishment of the Berar Sultanate

During the disintegration of Bahmani sultanate, in 1490 Fathullah Imad-ul-Mulk, governor of Gawil, who had formerly held all Berar, proclaimed his independence and founded the Imad Shahi dynasty of Berar sultanate. He proceeded to annex Mahur to his new kingdom and had capital at Ellichpur. Imad-ul-Mulk was by birth a Kanarese Hindu, but had been captured as a boy in one of the expeditions against the Vijayanagara empire and reared as a Muslim. Gavilgad and Narnala were also fortified by him.

He died in 1504 and his successor, Ala-ud-din resisted the aggression of Ahmadnagar with the help from Bahadur Shah, sultan of Gujarat. The next ruler, Darya tried to align with Bijapur to prevent aggression of Ahamdnagar, but was unsuccessful. In 1568 when Burhan Imad Shah was deposed by his minister Tufal Khan, and assumed the kingship. This gave a pretext for the intervention of Murtaza Nizam Shah of Ahmednagar, who invaded Berar, imprisoned and put to death Tufal Khan, his son Shams-ul-Mulk, and the ex-king Burhan, and annexed Berar to his own dominions of Ahmednagar sultanate.

Sultans of Berar

The Sultans of Berar belonged to the Imad Shahi Dynasty:

  1. Fathullah Imad-ul-Mulk 1490 – 1504
  2. Aladdin Imad Shah 1504 – 1529
  3. Darya Imad Shah 1529 – 1562
  4. Burhan Imad Shah 1562 – 1568[2]
  5. Tufail Khan (usurper) 1568 – 1572[3]

See also


  1. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 117–119.  
  2. ^ Michell, George & Mark Zebrowski. Architecture and Art of the Deccan Sultanates (The New Cambridge History of India Vol. I:7), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999, ISBN 0-521-56321-6, p.275
  3. ^ Robert Sewell. Lists of inscriptions, and sketch of the dynasties of southern India (The New Cambridge History of India Vol. I:7), Printed by E. Keys at the Government Press, 1884, , p.166

External links

  • List of Sultans of Berar

See also

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