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Biga Çayı

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Title: Biga Çayı  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of rivers of Turkey, List of Roman bridges, Euphrates, Rivers of Turkey, Kara Dere
Collection: Landforms of Çanakkale Province, Rivers of Turkey
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Biga Çayı

Biga River
Biga River
Origin Kaz Dağı
Mouth Sea of Marmara
Length 80 km (50 mi)

The Biga River (Turkish: Biga Çayı) is a small river or large creek in Çanakkale Province in northwestern Turkey. The river begins at the base of Mount Ida and trends generally northeasterly to the Sea of Marmara. It is about 50 kilometres (31 mi) east of the Dardanelles. It flows past the towns of Çan and Biga and enters the Sea of Marmara at Karabiga. It is also known as the Can (Çan Çayı)[1] and the Kocabas (Kocabaş Çayı)

The Biga was the classical Granicus (Ancient Greek: Γρανικὸς ποταμός, Granikòs Potamós).

The banks near the modern-day town of Biga were the site of the Battle of the Granicus, fought in 334 BC between the Macedonian army of Alexander the Great and the forces of the Persian Empire of Darius III. This was Alexander's first victory over the Persians. In antiquity, the river was described as having strong, turbulent current, with steep banks and varying depth.

There is also a valley named in its honor on Mars. The Granicus Valles is at 29.72° N, 131.0° E and runs for 750 kilometres (470 mi).


  1. ^ "Republic of Turkey 2002" NW quadrant, CIA Map Number 802565, July 2002, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency


  • "Granicus River Valley Survey Project (Canakkale)". Current Archaeology in Turkey. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  • "Çanakkale". Voice of Anatolia (in Turkish). Turkish Directorate General of Press and Information. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  • "Foundation and History of Biga" (PDF) (in Turkish). Turkish Ministry of Education. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 

External links

  • Granicus - pictures of the stream
  • A map showing the River Biga

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