World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge

Article Id: WHEBN0013283190
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tillamook County, Oregon
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge

Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge
Cape Meares as seen from nearby beach
Location Tillamook County, Oregon, USA
Nearest city Cape Meares

45°29′14″N 123°57′49″W / 45.4873248°N 123.9637426°W / 45.4873248; -123.9637426Coordinates: 45°29′14″N 123°57′49″W / 45.4873248°N 123.9637426°W / 45.4873248; -123.9637426[1]

Area 138.51 acres (56 ha) [2]
Established 1938
Governing body U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge is a National Wildlife Refuge of the Oregon Coast. It is one of six National Wildlife Refuges in the Oregon Coast National Wildlife Refuge Complex. Located on Cape Meares, the refuge was established in 1938 to protect a remnant of coastal old-growth forest and the surrounding habitat used by breeding seabirds.[3] The area provides a home for several threatened bird species, including Marbled Murrelets, Bald Eagles and Peregrine Falcons. Peregrines, once at the brink of extinction, have nested here since 1987.[4] The refuge, with the exception of the Oregon Coast Trail, was designated a Research Natural Area in 1987.[3]

The Cape Meares Light, which marked the cape at night from 1890 until 1963, is now open to the public. Three Arch Rocks National Wildlife Refuge and Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge are easily seen from the cape. It is the only point in the United States from which three refuges can be seen at the same time.[5]

Wildlife viewing

The Oregon Coast Trail passes through the center of this headland and interpretive displays along the trail describe the varied wildlife. From this trail, it is possible to see migrating Gray Whales, three species of Scoters, Western Grebes, and Common Loons. A wildlife viewing deck, part of the Cape Meares State Scenic Viewpoint, provides views of the refuge's sea cliffs and inshore islands. In season, visitors can see the aerie of a nesting Peregrine Falcon pair. Each spring thousands of seabirds return to nest on the cliffs. Species that can be seen are Brants, Pelagic Cormorants, Common Murres, Tufted Puffins, Pigeon Guillemots, Western Gulls, and Black Oystercatchers.[4] This state park has 3 miles (4.8 km) of hiking trails and a 1-mile (1.6 km) walking trail through the forest of sitka spruce and western hemlock.[6]

The Cape Meares Giant

Some of the trees on the refuge are hundreds of years old and more than 200 feet (61 m) tall. The Cape Meares Giant, a sitka spruce, is of special interest. After the Great Coastal Gale of 2007 killed the Klootchy Creek Giant, once considered the largest sitka spruce in the world,[7] the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) granted a special use permit to Ascending the Giants, a Portland based organization, which allowed them to climb and measure the Cape Meares Giant. Based on the results, the FWS issued a press release, in February 2008, which announced that the tree is the largest known sitka spruce in the state and that it was designated a State Heritage Tree.[3]

See also


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.