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Title: Castilblanco  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Manuel Azaña, List of municipalities in Badajoz, José Sanjurjo, La Siberia
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Coordinates: 39°18′20″N 05°06′37″W / 39.30556°N 5.11028°W / 39.30556; -5.11028Coordinates: 39°18′20″N 05°06′37″W / 39.30556°N 5.11028°W / 39.30556; -5.11028

Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Extremadura
Province Badajoz
Founded 12th century
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Body Ayuntamiento de Castilblanco
 • Mayor Ángel Rodríguez de la Rubia Galán (PP)
 • Total 131,6 km2 (508 sq mi)
Elevation 501 m (1,644 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 1,151
 • Density 0.87/km2 (2.3/sq mi)
Demonym castilblanqueño (m), castilblanqueña (f)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 06680

Castilblanco is a municipality located in the province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain. According to the 2005 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 1146 inhabitants.


In December 1931, eight months after the establishment of the Second Spanish Republic, Castilblanco was the scene of a violent and unexpected incident. At the time it was a pueblo (village) of about 900 reasonably prosperous inhabitants and had no record of political or social unrest. Permission was however refused by the authorities when local socialist leaders proposed a demonstration (the second of two) against the civil governor of Badajoz. The socialist rally went ahead and the Civil Guard (Spain) detachment based in the village intervened to disperse it at the instructions of the mayor of the municipality. A crowd of villagers confronted the civil guards who, as elsewhere in rural Spain, were resented as an unpopular and repressive force deliberately recruited from outside the region where they were stationed. After a shot was fired, the four civil guards present were knifed to death and their bodies mutilated. It was not possible to identify the actual killers, although six villagers were subsequently sentenced to life imprisonment.[1] The incident was the first of a series of disturbances that led up to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936.


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