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Cholet

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Title: Cholet  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Agglomeration community of Cholet, 2008 Tour de France, List of schools in France, Sébastien Duret, Simon Pouplin
Collection: Communes of Maine-Et-Loire, Subprefectures in France
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Cholet

This article is about the French town. For Madame Cholet the Womble, see The Wombles.

Cholet
Coat of arms of Cholet
Coat of arms
Cholet is located in France
Cholet
Cholet
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Pays de la Loire
Department Maine-et-Loire
Arrondissement Cholet
Intercommunality Choletais
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Gilles Bourdouleix (CNIP)
Area1 87.47 km2 (33.77 sq mi)
Population (1999)2 54,204
 • Density 620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 49099 / 49300
Elevation 63–184 m (207–604 ft)
(avg. 124 m or 407 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Cholet (French pronunciation: ​, locally [ʃɔ.le], probably from Latin cauletum, "cabbage") is a commune of western France in the Maine-et-Loire department. It was the capital of military Vendée.

Contents

  • Demographics 1
  • Geography 2
  • History 3
  • Sights 4
  • Economy 5
  • Transport 6

Demographics

In 1906, the population was 16,554 and in 2006 : 54,632.

Geography

Cholet stands on an eminence on the right bank of the Moine, which used to be crossed by a bridge from the fifteenth century. It is about 50 km southeast of Nantes.

History

The town owes the rise of its prosperity to the settlement of weavers there by Édouard Colbert, count of Maulévrier, a brother of the great Jean-Baptiste Colbert. It then became an estate of Gabriel François, Count de Rougé and Marquess of Cholet, who developed the city and its economy. The main commercial mall being built this year is named after him: The "Arcades Rougé".

During the early years of the French revolutionary wars, the town found itself at the heart of the counter-revolutionary struggle in the Vendée, culminating in October 1793 with the Battle of Cholet which was won by the republicans and followed by a period of brutal government repression.

Cholet hosted Stage 4 (Individual Time Trial) and was the departure of Stage 5 in the 2008 Tour de France.

According to the Jan 10th 1885 edition of Corbett's Herald, a temporary theatre had collapsed on an audience of 1,000, causing 150 fatalities.

Sights

A public garden occupies the site of the old castle; the public buildings and churches, for example the Church of the Sacred Heart (1939), are modern.

Megalithic monuments are numerous in the neighborhood.

A textile museum (Musée du Textile) exists to conserve the traditional machines used to create the famous handkerchiefs made in this town, as well as the techniques used to make them and the oral and local history associated with the industry.

Economy

There are granite quarries in the vicinity of the town. The chief industry is the manufacture of linen and linen handkerchiefs, which is also carried on in the neighboring communes on a large scale. Woolen and cotton fabrics are also produced, and bleaching and the manufacture of preserved foods are carried on. Cholet is the most important center in France for the sale of fat cattle, sheep and pigs, for which Paris is the chief market.

Transport

Cholet Aérodrome serves Cholet. The Gare de Cholet railway station offers regional services towards Nantes and

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