Districts of austria

The states of Austria are subdivided into 80 political districts (German: politische Bezirke, in Lower Austria and Vorarlberg: Verwaltungsbezirke) and 15 statutory cities (Statutarstädte) with enhanced town privileges, which form districts in their own right. It makes the Bezirke second-level administrative subdivisions in eight of the nine states, at an intermediate level between the states (Länder) and the municipal governments (Gemeinden).

Function

The Austrian Bezirke are roughly equivalent to Landkreise in Germany or Counties of the United Kingdom and US Counties. The administrative office of a district, the Bezirkshauptmannschaft is headed by the Bezirkshauptmann ('district captain'). Officials on the district level are not elected but appointed by the state government.

The districts are in charge of the administration of all matters of federal and state administrative law and subject to orders from the higher instances, usually the Landeshauptmann (governor) in matters of federal law and the Landesregierung (state government) in state law. Thus, the district is the basic unit of general administration in Austria.

The 15 Statutarstädte are independent cities according to Austrian administrative law. These cities are not part of any district and the city council covers all matters usually a district administration would do. Usually, a statutory city is home to a district administration responsible for the surrounding area, of which it is not part of. For example, Innsbruck is an independent city surrounded by the district Innsbruck-Land with its administrative seat within in the city.

The Austrian capital Vienna, which is both a state and a statutory city, is further subdivided into districts (boroughs), used for local administration by the city government. Though these districts enjoy a certain autonomy, they are in no way comparable to politische Bezirke administrative divisions.

Liezen District in Styria, the largest Austrian Bezirk by area, includes an executive Expositur branch in Gröbming. In the course of an administrative reform enacted by the Styrian state government, the Judenburg and Knittelfeld districts merged to form the newly established Murtal District with effect from 1 January 2012. Further mergers followed on 1 January 2013: Bruck-Mürzzuschlag, Hartberg-Fürstenfeld and the newly established Südoststeiermark (Southeast Styria) District by the merger of the former Feldbach and Radkersburg districts.

List of political districts

Political district License plate Administrative seat State
Amstetten AM Amstetten Lower Austria
Baden BN Baden Lower Austria
Bludenz BZ Bludenz Vorarlberg
Braunau am Inn BR Braunau am Inn Upper Austria
Bregenz B Bregenz Vorarlberg
Bruck an der Leitha BL Bruck an der Leitha Lower Austria
Bruck-Mürzzuschlag BM Bruck an der Mur Styria
Deutschlandsberg DL Deutschlandsberg Styria
Dornbirn DO Dornbirn Vorarlberg
Eferding EF Eferding Upper Austria
Eisenstadt-Umgebung EU Eisenstadt Burgenland
Feldkirch FK Feldkirch Vorarlberg
Feldkirchen FE Feldkirchen in Kärnten Carinthia
Freistadt FR Freistadt Upper Austria
Gänserndorf GF Gänserndorf Lower Austria
Gmünd GD Gmünd Lower Austria
Gmunden GM Gmunden Upper Austria
Graz-Umgebung GU Graz Styria
Grieskirchen GR Grieskirchen Upper Austria
Güssing GS Güssing Burgenland
Hallein HA Hallein Salzburg
Hartberg-Fürstenfeld HF Hartberg Styria
Hermagor HE Hermagor-Pressegger See Carinthia
Hollabrunn HL Hollabrunn Lower Austria
Horn HO Horn Lower Austria
Imst IM Imst Tirol
Innsbruck-Land IL Innsbruck Tirol
Jennersdorf JE Jennersdorf Burgenland
Kirchdorf an der Krems KI Kirchdorf an der Krems Upper Austria
Kitzbühel KB Kitzbühel Tirol
Klagenfurt-Land KL Klagenfurt Carinthia
Korneuburg KO Korneuburg Lower Austria
Krems-Land KR Krems Lower Austria
Kufstein KU Kufstein Tirol
Landeck LA Landeck Tirol
Leibnitz LB Leibnitz Styria
Leoben LN (LE)[1] Leoben Styria
Lienz LZ Lienz Tirol
Liezen LI (GB)[2] Liezen Styria
Lilienfeld LF Lilienfeld Lower Austria
Linz-Land LL Linz Upper Austria
Mattersburg MA Mattersburg Burgenland
Melk ME Melk Lower Austria
Mistelbach MI Mistelbach Lower Austria
Mödling MD Mödling Lower Austria
Murau MU Murau Styria
Murtal MT Judenburg Styria
Neunkirchen NK Neunkirchen Lower Austria
Neusiedl am See ND Neusiedl am See Burgenland
Oberpullendorf OP Oberpullendorf Burgenland
Oberwart OW Oberwart Burgenland
Perg PE Perg Upper Austria
Reutte RE Reutte Tirol
Ried im Innkreis RI Ried im Innkreis Upper Austria
Rohrbach RO Rohrbach im Mühlkreis Upper Austria
Salzburg-Umgebung SL Salzburg Salzburg
Sankt Johann im Pongau JO Sankt Johann im Pongau Salzburg
Sankt Pölten-Land PL Sankt Pölten Lower Austria
Sankt Veit an der Glan SV Sankt Veit an der Glan Carinthia
Schärding SD Schärding Upper Austria
Scheibbs SB Scheibbs Lower Austria
Schwaz SZ Schwaz Tyrol
Spittal an der Drau SP Spittal an der Drau Carinthia
Steyr-Land SE Steyr Upper Austria
Südoststeiermark SO Feldbach Styria
Tamsweg TA Tamsweg Salzburg
Tulln TU Tulln Lower Austria
Urfahr-Umgebung UU Linz Upper Austria
Villach-Land VL Villach Carinthia
Vöcklabruck VB Vöcklabruck Upper Austria
Voitsberg VO Voitsberg Styria
Völkermarkt VK Völkermarkt Carinthia
Waidhofen an der Thaya WT Waidhofen an der Thaya Lower Austria
Weiz WZ Weiz Styria
Wels-Land WL Wels Upper Austria
Wiener Neustadt-Land WB Wiener Neustadt Lower Austria
Wien-Umgebung WU Klosterneuburg Lower Austria
Wolfsberg WO Wolfsberg Carinthia
Zell am See ZE Zell am See Salzburg
Zwettl ZT Zwettl Lower Austria

List of statutory cities

City License plate State
Eisenstadt E[3] Burgenland
Graz G Styria
Innsbruck I Tirol
Klagenfurt K Carinthia
Krems KS Lower Austria
Linz L Upper Austria
Rust E[3] Burgenland
Salzburg S Salzburg
Sankt Pölten P Lower Austria
Steyr SR Upper Austria
Villach VI Carinthia
Waidhofen an der Ybbs WY Lower Austria
Wels WE Upper Austria
Wien (Vienna) W Wien (Vienna)
Wiener Neustadt WN Lower Austria

References


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