World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Dornier Do 32

Article Id: WHEBN0026784923
Reproduction Date:

Title: Dornier Do 32  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Dornier Flugzeugwerke, List of rotorcraft, List of aircraft (D)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Dornier Do 32

Do 32
Role Ultra light helicopter
National origin Federal German Republic
Manufacturer Dornier Werke GmbH
First flight 29 June 1962
Number built 4

The Dornier Do 32E was a simple, collapsible one man helicopter designed for military use in Germany in the 1960s. Despite initial hopes of large orders and some proposed civilian roles, only three flew.

Development

In the early 1960s, the German Army had an interest in a small helicopter for observation and communications duties that could be folded up compactly enough to be carried in a trailer pulled by a jeep. The Do 32, like several other light helicopters of the time such as the Fairey Ultra-light Helicopter and the Sud-Ouest Djinn, used rotor tip jets to drive the rotor blades. The advantage of tip drive is the absence of torque reaction, making a tail rotor unnecessary, saving weight and simplifying control of the aircraft. Dornier used a small gas turbine to drive a compressor, which fed air out through tubes in the rotors to the tips.[1]

The Do 32 was structurally very simple, with a square section, tapering fuselage behind the pilot. The BMW 6012L turbine and compressor was placed on top of the fuselage, immediately behind the rotor pylon. Its exhaust impinged upon a large rectangular rudder, built to resist thermal stresses, for yaw control. The horizontal tailplane was swept. The pilot sat in front of the rotor pylon, on the simplest of seats carried on the lower longerons. He controlled the plane of the two bladed rotor directly with a long curved hanging arm, and its pitch with a conventional collective pitch lever by his left side. The rudder pedals were almost straight out in front of him on a strut that also carried, beyond his feet, some simple instruments. This member also formed part of the simple three legged undercarriage, each strut ending with an unsprung foot.[1]

The Do 32 first flew on 29 June 1962,[1] and a good deal of flight testing was done with this aircraft and two further prototypes. The aircraft was also stowed in a trailer, transported, unfolded and flown. The rather heavy rotor could be spun up pre-take off with zero pitch, containing enough energy for a rapid initial vertical climb or jump start, autogyro fashion.[2] All three were eventually lost in accidents with different causes. Though Dornier had hopes of large Army orders, none followed. Agricultural applications were considered, and there was a design project for the Do 32Z, a two seat version with a bigger engine,[1] but no more manned Do 32s flew. The unflown fourth prototype is on display at the Deutsches Museum, painted as the first prototype D-HOPA. The Do 32U was a pilotless version of the Do 32E, very similar apart from the missing seat. The Do 32K, developed into the Do 34, was also an unmanned drone with compressed air driven rotors, but without a fuselage.


Operator

 Germany

Specifications

Data from Green 1964, p. 255

General characteristics
  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 3.42 m (11 ft 3 in) fuselage
  • Height: 1.89 m (6 ft 2 in)
  • Empty weight: 147 kg (325 lb)
  • Gross weight: 270 kg (596 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 321 kg (707 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × BMW 6012L gas turbine driving compressor, 67 kW (90 hp)
  • Main rotor diameter: 7.5 m (24 ft 7 in)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 119 km/h; 64 kn (74 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 100 km/h; 54 kn (62 mph)
  • Range: 90 km; 49 nmi (56 mi)
  • Endurance: 50 min
  • Rate of climb: 4.0 m/s (780 ft/min) maximum inclined rate

See also

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Notes

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.