Ecumenical Patriarch Serapheim II of Constantinople

Serapheim II
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Church Church of Constantinople
Installed 22 July 1757
Term ended 26 March 1761
Predecessor Callinicus IV (III)
Successor Joannicius III
Personal details
Born Delvinë, Albania
Died 1781 or 1782
Ukraine
Previous post Metropolitan of Philippoupolis

Serapheim II Anina (Greek: Σεραφεὶμ Β´) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1757 until 1761.

Life

Serapheim II was born in Delvinë, southern Albania to Albanian parents in the late 17th century.[1] Before he was elected as Patriarch of Constantinople on 22 July 1757 he was Metropolitan of Philippoupolis.[2]

As Patriarch in 1759 he introduces the feast of Saint Andrew on 30 November,[3] and in 1760 he gave the first permission to Cosmas of Aetolia to begin missionary tours in the villages of Thrace.[1]

In 1759 he invited Eugenios Voulgaris to head the reforms in the patriarchal academy and during his tenure in the academy influenced by Serapheim's pro-Russian ideals Voulgaris contributed to the reapproachment of the Russian Empire with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.[4][5] As a consequence Serapheim II was deposed on 26 March 1761 and exiled on Mount Athos,[2] and he was replaced by the Ottoman authorities with Joannicius III.

During the Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774 he supported the Russian Empire and the establishment of an Orthodox pro-Russian state in the Balkans and in 1769 he urged the Greek population to rebel against the Turks.[6] After the failure of the revolution, in 1776 he moved to Ukraine, where he died on 7 December 1779.[2] He was buried in the Mhar Monastery.

Notes

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.