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Elections by country

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Title: Elections by country  
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Subject: Lists by country, Local electoral calendar 2015, National electoral calendar 2015, National electoral calendar 2016, Election
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Elections by country

Elections by country gives information on elections. For each de jure and de facto sovereign state and dependent territory an article on elections in that entity has been included and information on the way the head of state and the parliament or legislature is elected. The articles include the results of the elections. For a chronological order, see the electoral calendar.

Contents

  • A 1
  • B 2
  • C 3
  • D 4
  • E 5
  • F 6
  • G 7
  • H 8
  • I 9
  • J 10
  • K 11
  • L 12
  • M 13
  • N 14
  • O 15
  • P 16
  • Q 17
  • R 18
  • S 19
  • T 20
  • U 21
  • V 22
  • W 23
  • Y 24
  • Z 25
  • See also 26
  • References 27
  • External links 28

A

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Afghanistan Direct election Direct election Indirect election and appointments
Åland Direct election
Albania Election by parliament Direct election
Algeria Direct election Direct election Indirect election and appointments
American Samoa [1] Direct election Election by chiefs
Andorra Ex officio[2] Direct election
Angola Direct election Direct election
Anguilla Direct election
Antigua and Barbuda Monarchy Direct election Appointments
Argentina Direct election Direct election Direct election
Armenia Direct election Direct election
Aruba Monarchy Direct election
Australia Monarchy Direct election Direct election
Austria Direct election Direct election Indirect election
Azerbaijan Direct election Direct election

B

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Bahamas Monarchy Direct election Appointments
Bahrain Monarchy Direct election Appointments
Bangladesh Election by parliament Direct election
Barbados Monarchy Direct election Appointments
Belarus Direct election Direct election Indirect election and appointments
Belgium Monarchy Direct election Indirect election
Belize Monarchy Direct election Appointments
Benin Direct election Direct election
Bermuda Direct election Appointments
Bhutan Monarchy Direct election Direct election and appointments
Bolivia Direct election Direct election Direct election
Bosnia and Herzegovina Collective presidency Direct election Indirect election
Botswana Election by parliament Direct election Hereditary and appointments
Brazil Direct election Direct election Direct election
British Virgin Islands Direct election
Brunei Monarchy Appointments
Bulgaria Direct election Direct election
Burkina Faso Direct election Direct election
Burundi Direct election Direct election Indirect election

C

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Cambodia Monarchy Direct election
Cameroon Direct election Direct election
Canada Monarchy Direct election Appointments
Cape Verde Direct election Direct election
Cayman Islands Monarchy Direct election
Central African Republic Direct election Direct election
Chad Direct election Direct election
Chile Direct election Direct election Direct election
People's Republic of China Election by parliament Indirect election
Colombia Direct election Direct election Direct election
Comoros Direct election Indirect election
Congo (Brazzaville) Direct election Direct election Indirect election
Congo (Kinshasa) Direct election Direct election
Cook Islands Monarchy Direct election
Costa Rica Direct election Direct election
Côte d'Ivoire Direct election Direct election
Croatia Direct election Direct election
Cuba Election by parliament Direct election
Cyprus Direct election Direct election
Czech Republic Direct election Direct election Direct election

D

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Denmark Monarchy Direct election
Djibouti Direct election Direct election
Dominica Election by parliament Direct election and appointments[3]
Dominican Republic Direct election Direct election Direct election

E

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
East Timor Direct election Direct election
Ecuador
Ecuador Direct election Direct election
Egypt Direct election Direct election Direct election and appointments
El Salvador Direct election Direct election
Equatorial Guinea Direct election Direct election
Eritrea Self-appointment Appointment
Estonia Election by parliament (1.-3. round) / electoral college (4. round) Direct election
Ethiopia Election by parliament Direct election Indirect election

F

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Falkland Islands Monarchy Direct election
Faroe Islands Monarchy Direct election
Fiji Election by Great Council of Chiefs Direct election
Finland Direct election Direct election
France Direct election Direct election Indirect election
French Polynesia Direct election

G

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Gabon Direct election Direct election Indirect election
Gambia Direct election Direct election
Georgia Direct election Direct election
Germany Election by electoral college Direct election Representation of state governments
Ghana Direct election Direct election
Gibraltar Direct election
Greece Election by parliament Direct election
Greenland Direct election
Grenada Monarchy Direct election Appointments
Guam [4] Direct election
Guatemala Direct election Direct election
Guernsey Direct election
Guinea Direct election Direct election
Guinea-Bissau Direct election Direct election
Guyana Election by parliament Direct election

H

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Haiti Direct election Direct election Direct election
Honduras Direct election Direct election
Hong Kong Election by election committee Direct election and election by functional constituencies
Hungary Election by parliament Direct election

I

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Iceland Direct election Direct election
India Election by electoral college Direct election Indirect election
Indonesia Direct election Direct election
Iran President through direct election. Supreme Leader elected by Assembly of Experts Direct election
Iraq Election by parliament Direct election
Ireland Direct election Direct election Election by functional constituencies and appointment
Isle of Man Direct election Indirect election/ex officio
Israel Election by parliament Direct election
Italy Election by parliament Direct election Direct election

J

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Jamaica Monarchy Direct election Appointment
Japan Monarchy Direct election Direct election
Jersey Monarchy Direct election
Jordan Monarchy Direct election Appointment

K

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Kazakhstan Direct election Direct election Indirect election and appointments
Kenya Direct election Direct election
Kiribati Direct election Direct election
Democratic People's Republic of Korea Elected by parliament[5] Direct election
Republic of Korea Direct election Direct election
Kosovo Election by parliament Direct election
Kuwait Monarchy Direct election
Kyrgyzstan Direct election Direct election

L

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Laos Election by parliament Direct election
Latvia Election by parliament Direct election
Lebanon Election by parliament Direct election
Lesotho Monarchy Direct election Appointments
Liberia Direct election Direct election
Libya Election by parliament Representatives of the Basis People's Congresses
Liechtenstein Monarchy Direct election
Lithuania Direct election Direct election
Luxembourg Monarchy Direct election

M

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Macau Election by election committee Direct election, Election by Functional Constituencies and Appointments
Macedonia Direct election Direct election
Madagascar Direct election Direct election
Malawi Direct election Direct election
Malaysia Election by the rulers of the Malay states Direct election Indirect election and appointments
Maldives Direct election Direct election
Mali Direct election Direct election
Malta Election by parliament Direct election
Marshall Islands Direct election Direct election
Mauritania Direct election Direct election Indirect election
Mauritius Election by parliament Direct election
Mayotte Direct election
Mexico Direct election Direct election Direct election
Federated States of Micronesia Election by parliament Direct election
Moldova Election by parliament Direct election
Monaco Monarchy Direct election
Mongolia Direct election Direct election
Montenegro Direct election Direct election
Montserrat Direct election
Morocco Monarchy Direct election Indirect election and election by functional groups
Mozambique Direct election Direct election
Myanmar Election by parliament Direct election and appointments Direct election and appointments

N

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Nagorno Karabakh Direct election Direct election
Namibia Direct election Direct election Indirect election
Nauru Election by parliament Direct election
Nepal Election by parliament Direct election
Netherlands Monarchy Direct election Indirect election
Netherlands Antilles Direct election
New Caledonia Direct election
New Zealand Monarchy Direct election
Nicaragua Direct election Direct election
Niger Direct election Direct election
Nigeria Direct election Direct election Direct election
Niue Direct election
Norfolk Direct election
Northern Ireland Direct election
Northern Marianas [6] Direct election Direct election
Norway Monarchy Direct election

O

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Oman Monarchy Indirect election Appointments

P

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Pakistan Indirect Election Direct election Indirect election
Palau Direct election Direct election Direct election
Palestinian National Authority Direct election Direct election
Panama Direct election Direct election
Papua New Guinea Monarchy Direct election
Paraguay Direct election Direct election Direct election
Peru Direct election Direct election
Philippines Direct election
Pitcairn Islands Indirect election
Poland Direct election Direct election Direct election
Portugal Direct election
Puerto Rico [7] Direct election Direct election

Q

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Qatar Monarchy Appointments

R

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Romania Direct election Direct election Direct election
Russia Direct election Direct election Indirect election and appointments
Rwanda Direct election Direct election Indirect election and appointments

S

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Appointment Appointments
Saint Helena Direct election
Saint Kitts and Nevis Monarchy Direct election and appointments
Saint Lucia Monarchy Direct election Appointments
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Direct election
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Monarchy Direct election and appointments
Samoa Election by parliament Direct election
San Marino Election by parliament Direct election
São Tomé and Príncipe Direct election Direct election
Saudi Arabia Monarchy Appointments
Scotland Direct election
Senegal Direct election Direct election
Serbia Direct election Direct election
Seychelles Direct election Direct election
Sierra Leone Direct election Direct election
Singapore Direct election Direct election
Slovakia Direct election Direct election
Slovenia Direct election Direct election Representation of interest groups
Solomon Islands Monarchy Direct election
Somalia Transition Transition
Somaliland Direct election Direct election Traditional leaders
South Africa Election by parliament Direct election Indirect election
South Sudan Direct election Direct election
Spain Monarchy Direct election Direct and indirect election
Sri Lanka Direct election Direct election
Sudan Direct election Appointments due to transition Indirect election
Suriname Election by electoral college Direct election
Swaziland Monarchy Elected by traditional local councils and appointments Elected by lower house and appointments
Sweden Monarchy Direct election
Switzerland Election by parliament Direct election Direct election
Syria Approval by referendum Direct election

T

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Republic of China Direct election Direct election
Tajikistan Direct election Direct election Indirect election and appointments
Tanzania Direct election Direct election
Thailand Monarchy Direct election Direct election and appointments
Togo Direct election Direct election
Tokelau Direct election
Tonga Monarchy Partially direct election, partially by limited suffrage, partially ex officio
Transnistria Direct election Direct election
Trinidad and Tobago Election by parliament Direct election Appointments
Tunisia Direct election Direct election Indirect election and appointments
Turkey Direct election Direct election
Turkmenistan Direct election Direct election
Turks and Caicos Direct election
Tuvalu Monarchy Direct election

U

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Uganda Direct election Direct election
Ukraine Direct election Direct election
United Arab Emirates De facto monarchy Appointments and direct election
United Kingdom Monarchy Direct election Appointments and hereditary/indirect election
United States Indirect election Direct election Direct election
Uruguay Direct election Direct election Direct election
Uzbekistan Direct election Direct election Indirect election and appointments

V

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Vanuatu Election by parliament Direct election
Vatican City Election by Cardinals Appointments
Venezuela Direct election Direct election
Vietnam Election by parliament Direct election
Virgin Islands of the United States [8] Direct election

W

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Wales Direct election
Wallis and Futuna Direct election

Y

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Yemen Direct election Direct election

Z

Country Head of state Parliament/Legislature
Lower house Upper house
Zambia Direct election
Zimbabwe Direct election

See also

References

  1. ^ American Samoa elects a Governor
  2. ^ The President of France and the Bishop of Urgell are co-heads of state
  3. ^ The elected Representatives of the Dominican parliament decide whether senators are to be elected by them or appointed by the president.
  4. ^ Guam elects a Governor
  5. ^ North Korea's parliament elects the Head of State
  6. ^ The Northern Marianas elect a Governor
  7. ^ Puerto Rico elects a Governor
  8. ^ The U.S. Virgin Islands elect a Governor

External links

  • http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/parlinesearch.asp PARLINE database on national parliaments - contains information on the structure and working methods of 265 parliamentary chambers in all of the 189 countries where a national legislature exists.
  • ACE Electoral Knowledge Network Expert site providing encyclopedia on Electoral Systems and Management, country by country data, a library of electoral materials, latest election news, the opportunity to submit questions to a network of electoral experts, and a forum to discuss all of the above
  • Election Resources
  • Adam Carr's Election Archive
  • International Foundation for Electoral Systems' Electionguide
  • African Elections Database
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