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English cricket team in Australia in 1861–62


English cricket team in Australia in 1861–62

An England cricket team toured Australia in 1861–62. This was the first-ever tour of Australia by any overseas team and the second tour abroad by an English team, following the one to North America in 1859. The team is sometimes referred to as H. H. Stephenson's XI.


The idea for the tour came from the English proprietors of a Melbourne company called Spiers and Pond, which ran the Café de Paris in the city. Spiers was Felix William Spiers and Pond was Christopher Pond. Their representative in England, a Mr Mallam, had tried to interest Charles Dickens in a lecture tour of Australia and New Zealand but without success. Instead, having noted the success of the 1859 venture and the growing popularity of cricket in Australia, Spiers and Pond decided to attract a team of leading English cricketers. Mr Mallam therefore journeyed to Birmingham in September 1861 to watch the North v. South game at Aston Park.

During the game, Mallam met the cricketers at the nearby Hen and Chicken Hotel to make a business proposal. As a result, twelve players agreed to tour Australia next winter on terms of £150 per man plus expenses.


English cricket team of 1861 just prior to departure for Australia.

The team was captained by Kent). Stephenson and Caffyn had toured America in 1859.


The team sailed from Liverpool on 20 October in the Great Britain, arriving in Melbourne on 24 December.

As a team, they played 12 matches that were not first-class, winning 6 and losing 2 with 4 drawn. All but one of these games were against odds of at least 18 to 11. The exception was a one-day single innings match.

In January 1862, it played a match on the Sydney Domain; the Secretary for Lands, John Robertson controversially allowed the promoters to charge admission to the public while arranging a free stand for parliamentarians.[1]

The team divided for a match in March 1862 at the John Conway of Victoria who later managed the first Australian team to tour England.

The tour was certainly successful in the long-term sense that it inspired later English teams to visit Australia. The team arrived back in England on 12 May 1862.


  1. ^ Nairn, Bede. "Robertson, Sir John (1816 - 1891)".  

External sources

  • CricketArchive tour itinerary
  • Playing Fields Through to Battle Fields
  • Early cricket in Australia - State Library of NSW

Further reading

  • Derek Birley, A Social History of English Cricket, Aurum, 1999
  • Chris Harte, A History of Australian Cricket, Andre Deutsch, 1993
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