World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Football in France

Article Id: WHEBN0001963109
Reproduction Date:

Title: Football in France  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Forbes' list of the most valuable football clubs, Olympique de Marseille, 2010–11 in French football, Le Havre AC, SC Bastia
Collection: Football in France
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Football in France

Football is the most popular sport in France.[1] The Coupe de la Ligue, the country's league cup competition. The French Football Federation also supervises the overseas departments and territories leagues and hosts football club AS Monaco, a club based in the independent sovereign state of Monaco. In 2006, the FFF had 2,143,688 licenses, with over 1,850,836 registered players and 18,194 registered clubs.[4]

The first football club was introduced to France in 1863, as described in a newspaper article by [5] Modern football was introduced nine years later in 1872 by English sailors playing in Le Havre in 1872.[6]

Contents

  • League system 1
    • Ligue de Football Professionnel 1.1
    • Championnat National 1.2
    • Championnat de France amateur 1.3
    • Championnat de France amateur 2 1.4
    • Amateur football 1.5
    • Women's football 1.6
    • Overseas leagues 1.7
  • Cup competitions 2
  • Competition records 3
    • UEFA Champions League 3.1
  • National teams 4
    • Overseas departments national teams 4.1
  • References 5
  • External links 6

League system

Ligue de Football Professionnel

Ligue 1 match between Marseille and Strasbourg in 2006.

The top two divisions of French football, Championnat National).[7][8][9]

Ligue 1 is the French professional league for football clubs. It is the country's primary football competition and serves as the top division of the French football league system. Contested by 20 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with Ligue 2. Ligue 1 is one of the top national leagues, currently ranked fifth in Europe behind the English Premier League, Spanish La Liga, Italian Serie A, and the German Fußball-Bundesliga. Ligue 1 was inaugurated on 11 September 1932 under the name National before switching to Division 1 after a year of existence. The name lasted until 2002 before switching to its current name. The current champions of France are Paris Saint-Germain. Although it's true that F.C. Nantes has been probably the best team in the Ligue 1 history.

Ligue 2 is the second division of French football. Contested by 20 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the Championnat National. The league was created in 1934, a year after Ligue 1 and consisted of 23 clubs that were divided into two groups, Nord and Sud.

Championnat National

The Championnat National is the third division of French football. Though the league has several clubs that are members of the Ligue de Football Professionnel, it is not governed by the organization primarily because of the LFP's refusal to divide its profits into smaller shares, so they can collaborate with the many amateur clubs in the league to help them become professional. The French Football Federation moderates the league, which was founded in 1993 under the name National 1. Contested by 20 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the Championnat de France amateur.

Championnat de France amateur

The Championnat de France amateur, commonly referred to as simply CFA, is a football league in France. The league is the fourth division of French football and normally features 72 football clubs. Most clubs that participate in the league are amateur clubs (hence the league name), but a small amount of clubs are semi-professional. The CFA consists of 72 clubs spread into 4 parallel groups of 18. It is open to the best reserve teams in France and amateur clubs in France, although only the amateur clubs are eligible for promotion to the Championnat National. The highest-placed amateur team in each pool are promoted, replaced by the 4 lowest-placed in the Championnat National.

Championnat de France amateur 2

The Championnat de France amateur 2, known as CFA 2, is ran similarly to its predecessor. It is the 5th highest league in French football and is made up of 128 teams in 8 groups of 16 teams. Twelve teams, the teams (both amateur and reserves of professional teams in higher divisions) that top their league, along with 4 second-placed teams, are promoted to the CFA.

Amateur football

Amateur football in France is organized and managed by the Ligue du Football Amateur. The LFA, under the watch of the French Football Federation, is responsible for administering and federating the actions of the regional and district leagues beginning with the Division d'Honneur all the way down to the lower divisions of the departmental districts. The LFA takes up all issues related to the national non-professional leagues and districts.[10]

Women's football

Women's football in France consists of three divisions, Division 1 Féminine, Division 2 Féminine, and Division 3 Féminine. The D1 Féminine is the top league for women's association football clubs in France. It is the female equivalent to the men's Ligue 1 and is contested by 12 clubs. The league operates on a system of promotion and relegation with lower leagues and is governed by the French Football Federation, who resurrected the women's league in 1974.

Overseas leagues

The leagues based in the overseas departments and territories of France are run by their respective associations under the watch of the French Football Federation. Under the rules of the FFF, clubs in the leagues are allowed to participate in confederation competitions based on their regional locations. For example, the champion of the Réunion Premier League is allowed inclusion into the CAF Champions League.

Cup competitions

The two most important cup competitions in France are the Coupe de France and the Coupe de la Ligue. However, several other national cups are targeted at clubs at different levels.

  • The Coupe de la Ligue is the second major cup competition in France. It is known outside of France as the French League Cup and is a knockout league cup competition organised by the Ligue de Football Professionnel. Unlike the Coupe de France, it is only open to professional clubs who are members of the LFP.
  • The Trophée des champions is played each July as a one-off match between the Coupe de France winners and the Ligue 1 champions.
  • Burgundy.
  • Youth cups include the Coupe Gambardella, Coupe Nationale, and the Coupe Fédérale. The Coupe Gambardella cup competition held between the under-19s of the French football clubs. The Coupe Nationale holds dual competitions for the under-13 and under-15 teams of football clubs, while the Coupe Fédérale holds a national cup competition for under-16 teams.
  • The Coupe de l'Outre-Mer is a football cup competition that was created in 2008. It was designed to have the national football teams of the overseas territories compete against each other.
  • Women's football cup competitions in France consists of the Challenge de France, Coupe Nationale, and the Coupe Fédérale. The Challenge de France is the premier cup competition reserved exclusively for French women's football clubs. The competition is open to all professional and non-professional women's teams in the country. The Coupe National holds a youth cup competition for the under-14 teams, while the Coupe Fédérale holds cup competitions for the under-13 and under-16 teams.

Competition records

UEFA Champions League

The following teams have qualified for elimination rounds in the UEFA Champions League.

National teams

Zinedine Zidane, member of the national team from 1994–2006.

The FIFA: the FIFA World Cup, the FIFA Confederations Cup, and the Olympic Tournament.

The France women's national football team represents the country in international women's football. The France women's national team initially struggled on the international stage failing to qualify for three of the first FIFA Women's World Cups and the six straight UEFA European Championships before reaching the quarter-finals in the 1997 edition of the competition. However, since the beginning of the new millennium, France have become a mid-tier national team and one of the most consistent in Europe having qualified for their first-ever FIFA Women's World Cup in 2003 and reaching the quarter-finals in two of the three European Championships held since 2000.

The France national youth football teams consists of age-specific national teams beginning with the France national under-16 football team and ending with the France national under-21 football team. Since the coaching tenure of Aimé Jacquet, there is an unwritten rule among senior national team coaches that players called up to the national team must have had prior international experience with the under-21 team.

Overseas departments national teams

The following overseas department national teams act as feeder teams for the French national football team. All teams are run by their respective federation under the authority of the French Football Federation.

National team Elo Ranking Manager Stadium Member Association(s)
French Guiana 159 Zulémaro, GhislainGhislain Zulémaro Stade de Baduel CONCACAF and CFU
Guadeloupe 91 Salnot, RogerRoger Salnot Stade René Serge Nabajoth CONCACAF and CFU
Martinique 115 Antonin, TheodoreTheodore Antonin Stade d'Honneur de Dillon CONCACAF and CFU
Réunion 138 TBD Stade Jean-Ivoula CAF
Saint-Martin 193 Gerard, AndyAndy Gerard TBD CONCACAF and CFU
Lilian Thuram, from Guadeloupe, is the nation's most capped male football player.

As an overseas department of the

A special rule of the CONCACAF Gold Cup only allows players to join the team if they have not played for France during the past five years. On the other side, any player joining the team is allowed to join the French national team afterward with no time restrictions.

The use of overseas department players have been extremely beneficial with regards to the French national team. Lilian Thuram and Bernard Lama, who were born in Guadeloupe and Martinique, respectively, were a part of the winning team at the 1998 FIFA World Cup. Also on the team were Thierry Henry and Bernard Diomède, who, though born in metropolitan France, were descendants of parents from overseas departments. Currently, Florent Malouda (French Guiana), William Gallas, Mikaël Silvestre, Michaël Ciani (Guadeloupe), Nicolas Anelka (Martinique), and Guillaume Hoarau and Florent Sinama Pongolle (Réunion) are members of the national team who either hail from or families hail from the overseas departments.

References

  1. ^ "Mike's World: Soccer Is The Most Popular Sport, But Basketball Is Making Tremendous Strides Thanks To Michael Jordan.". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "A French paradox: multicultural celebrities are popular, but so is Le Pen". The Independent. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  3. ^ "France's Aversion To Its National Soccer Team".  
  4. ^ "Licenses of the French Football Federation" (PDF). Fff.fr. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  5. ^ The Scotsman newspaper, 22 December 1863, page 8
  6. ^ "History of Football". Ifhof.com. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "In France Paris St. Germain Is A League Apart".  
  8. ^ Inti Landauro and William Horobin (25 October 2013). "Top French Soccer Clubs Call Tax Strike". WSJ. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  9. ^ WSC Daily. "When Saturday Comes - Victory for French fans over TV scheduling". Wsc.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  10. ^ "La FFF". Fff.fr. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  11. ^ "France's Aversion To Its National Soccer Team".  

External links

  • Official site

inchnotaller

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.