World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church

Article Id: WHEBN0003014136
Reproduction Date:

Title: Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Swedish Colonial Society, Queen Village, Philadelphia, List of the oldest churches in the United States, Timeline of Philadelphia, Fogel Grip
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church

Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church
National Historic Site
(2014)
Location 929 South Water Street
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Area 3.7 acres (1.5 ha)
Built 1678-1700
additions: 1703, c.1733
Architectural style English vernacular
Governing body Corporation of Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church
NRHP Reference # 66000682[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966
Designated PHMC December 17, 1954[2]

Gloria Dei Church, known locally as Old Swedes', is a historic church located in the Southwark neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at 929 South Water Street, bounded by Christian Street on the north, South Christopher Columbus Boulevard (formerly Delaware Street) on the east, and Washington Avenue on the south. It was built between 1698 and 1700,[3][4] making it the oldest church in Pennsylvania and second oldest Swedish church in the United States after Holy Trinity Church (Old Swedes) in Wilmington, Delaware.

The carpenters for the building were John Smart and John Buett[4] and bricks were supplied by Richard Cantril.[5] The church displays the English vernacular style of church design, which combines elements of the Medieval and Gothic styles.[3] The church's vestry and entranceway were added in 1703 to buttress the walls, which had begun to buckle under the weight of the roof.[3] The tower was added c.1733, and interior alterations were made in 1845, designed by Samuel Sloan.[4]

The congregation dates to 1677, five years before the founding of the city of Philadelphia, and the graveyard around the church to about the same time. Formerly a Swedish Lutheran congregation, the church has been Episcopalian since 1845.

History

The Reverend Jehu Curtis Clay in the churchyard (c.1860)

Gloria Dei is the oldest church in Pennsylvania and second oldest Swedish church in the United States after Holy Trinity Church (Old Swedes) in Wilmington, Delaware. Swedish pioneers of New Sweden were the first to settle the area in 1646. An existing blockhouse at Wicaco (now South Philadelphia), had been renovated for worship in 1677 and was used until the present church (built beginning in 1697) was consecrated on the First Sunday after Trinity, July 2, 1700.[6][7] A fire destroyed many of the church records in 1740. Colonial painter Gustavus Hesselius was a member here.[8]

In 1703, Gloria Dei was the site of the first regular Lutheran ordination in the Americas, that of Justus Falckner, a German theology student. Jenny Lind sang here during one of her American tours. Hanging in the center aisle is a Swedish chandelier given by famous Swedish artist Carl Milles. Recollections of many Swedish royal and episcopal visits are treasured memories, including models of Fogel Grip and Kalmar Nyckel, the first Swedish ships to arrive in New Sweden.[9]

The church has a collection of historical and religious artifacts the church has acquired over three centuries, including bronze crosses and 18th century Bibles in Swedish and English. In 1845, the formerly Swedish Lutheran congregation joined the Episcopal Church.[10] Today the church is owned and maintained by its congregation of Episcopalians.[11]

The church was designated a National Historic Site on November 17, 1942. It is an affiliated area of the National Park Service under Independence National Historical Park. The church site is owned and administered by the Corporation of Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966.[12]

Part of the graveyard (2014)

Cemetery

The church cemetery includes the following interments:

There is also a memorial to John Hanson, a President of the Continental Congress during the American Revolution.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c , p.20
  4. ^ a b c , p.178
  5. ^ Craig, Peter Stebbins; and Kim-Eric Williams, eds. Colonial Records of the Swedish Churches in Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: Swedish Colonial Society, 2006., v. 2, p154.
  6. ^ O'Connor, Mary Eileen, Gloria Dei "Old Swedes" Church (Holy Philadelphia highlights region's religious diversity), Holy Philadelphia, an original WHYY program)
  7. ^ G. Sjöblom, "The 75-Year-Old Gloria Dei Church and Its Predecessor 1891-1966"
  8. ^ Records of Holy Trinity Church (Old Swedes') Church, Wilmington, Delaware. Separate Index, 1730.
  9. ^ Williams, Rev. Dr. Kim-Eric The Eight Old Swedes' Churches of New Sweden (Wilmington, DE: New Sweden Center, 1999)
  10. ^
  11. ^ Ashmead, Henry Graham, History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania (Chapter II, Philadelphia: L. H. Everts & Co. 1884)
  12. ^ The National Parks: Index 2001-2003. Washington: U.S. Department of the Interior

External links


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.