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Greek Royal Family

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Greek Royal Family


The Greek Royal Family was a branch of the Christian IX of Denmark. He and his successors styled themselves "Kings of the Hellenes".[1] Most members of the dynasty (aside from the last king to reign, Constantine II and his queen consort, Anne-Marie of Denmark) hold the title Prince or Princess of Greece and Denmark with the style Royal Highness, except Marina, Consort of Prince Michael, and their daughters Princess Alexandra and Princess Olga.

Arrival

The personal standard of the Kings of Greece.

The family came to the throne after the overthrow in 1862 of the first king of the independent Greek state, Alexander and Paul, would occupy the throne.

The royal family saw Greece experience several upheavals including the Balkan Wars, World War I, World War II (during which Greece experienced Axis occupation), the Greek Civil War, and the Greek military junta of 1967–1974. Following the National Schism during World War I and subsequent Asia Minor Disaster, the monarchy was deposed in March 1924 and replaced by the Second Hellenic Republic, which lasted until overthrown by a royalist coup d'état in October 1935.

Downfall

On April 21, 1967 the elected government was overthrown by a group of middle-ranking army officers led by Colonel military dictatorship was established. The regime, known as The Regime of the Colonels, forced King Constantine II into accepting it as legitimate. On December 13, 1967, the King launched a counter-coup but it failed[2] and he, together with his family, fled to exile in Rome and soon after to London.

On 1 June 1973, Constantine II was declared deposed by the military junta and Papadopoulos appointed himself as President of the Republic. On 29 July 1973, a questionable referendum sought to confirm the abolition of the monarchy. The dictatorship fell in August 1974 and the new regime held a fresh referendum on 8 December 1974, which confirmed the abolition of the monarchy by a vote of 69% to 30%. The deposed King has never questioned the validity of this referendum, as referenda establishing monarchy in Greece (1863, 1935) were also accepted by his predecessors.

Present status

In 2013 Constantine II and his wife Anne-Marie announced that they were once again living in Greece.[3] As male-line descendants of King Christian IX of Denmark, members of the dynasty bear the title of Prince or Princess of Denmark and thus are traditionally referred to as Princes or Princesses of Greece and Denmark.[4]

Members

The extended members of the Greek royal family are:

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ http://www.hellomagazine.com/royalty/2013121416165/greek-royals-return-greece/
  4. ^ Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser XV, C.A. Starke Verlag, 1997, p.20.

External links

  • The official website of the Greek Royal family
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