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Hami Prefecture

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Title: Hami Prefecture  
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Subject: Barköl Kazakh Autonomous County, History of Xinjiang, Old Uyghur language, Migration to Xinjiang, Zhang Yichao
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Hami Prefecture

Hami Prefecture
哈密地区 · قۇمۇل ۋىلايىتى
Hami prefecture (red) in Xinjiang (orange)
Hami prefecture (red) in Xinjiang (orange)
Country People's Republic of China
Region Xinjiang
 • Total 140,749 km2 (54,343 sq mi)
 • Total 541,836
 • Density 3.8/km2 (10.0/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website Kumul(Hami) Prefecture Government

Kumul (Hami) Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 哈密地区; traditional Chinese: 哈密地區; pinyin: Hāmì Dìqū; ) is the easternmost prefecture-level division of Xinjiang, People's Republic of China, bordering Gansu and Mongolia to the east. It has an area of 140,749 km2 (54,343 sq mi) and 492,096 inhabitants (2000).


The Ming Dynasty established this region as Kumul (Hami) Prefecture in 1404 after the Mongol kingdom Qara Del accepted its supremacy. But it was later controlled by Oirat Mongols. Since the 18th century, Kumul became the center of the Kumul Khanate, a semi-autonomous vassal state within the Qing Empire and the Republic of China as part of Xinjiang. The last ruler of the khanate was Maqsud Shah.


Of its inhabitants, 68.95% are Han, 18.42% are Uyghur, 8.76% are Kazakh, 2.97% are Hui, with the remainder belonging to other nationalities.

Administrative divisions

# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Uyghur (UEY) Uyghur Latin (ULY) Population (2010 Census) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Hami [Kumul] 哈密市 Hāmì Shì قۇمۇل شەھىرى Qumul Shehiri 472,175 81,794 5.77
2 Yiwu [Aratürük] County 伊吾县 Yīwú Xiàn ئارا تۈرۈك ناھىيىسى Ara Türük Nahiyisi 24,783 19,821 1.25
3 Barkol Kazakh Autonomous County 巴里坤哈萨克自治县 Bālǐkūn Hāsàkè Zìzhìxiàn ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى باركۆل قازاق Barköl Qazaq Aptonom Nahiyisi 75,442 37,304 2.02

Mineral resources

A newly discovered nickel mine in Hami is estimated to contain reserves of over 15.8 million tons of the metal, it therefore ranks as China's second largest nickel mine. Around 900,000 tons of nickel has already been detected.

Some local copper and nickel mining enterprises are reported to have begun operation, with Xinjiang Nonferrous Metals Group mining company running its nickel smelter crude production furnace at Hami Industrial Park.

The Hami area is known for its large amount of high quality raw resources with 76 kinds of metals already detected. The major mineral resources of this area include coal, iron, copper, nickel, gold.



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